Ecuador Population 2020 (Live)

17,675,004

According to current projections, Ecuador’s population is expected to peak at 25.21 million people in 2079. The population, which sits at 17.64 million in 2020, will surpass 20 million people in 2031. After reaching its peak population in 2079, Ecuador is projected to finish the century with about 24.54 million people.

Ecuador’s population growth rate from 2019 to 2020 is 1.55%, adding about 269,000 people to the population. Ecuador has positive net migration and a fertility rate of 2.44 births per woman, more than the population replacement rate of 2.1 births per woman.

Ecuador still faces widespread poverty, with about 35% of its population living in poverty, which has resulted in chronic malnutrition. Rapid population growth would exacerbate these issues.

The current population of Ecuador is 17,675,004, based on projections of the latest United Nations data. The UN estimates the July 1, 2020 population at 17,643,054.

Ecuador Growth Rate

Ecuador Population 2020 (Live)

Name Population
Guayaquil1,952,029
Quito1,399,814
Cuenca276,964
Santo Domingo de los Colorados200,421
Machala198,123
Manta183,166
Portoviejo170,326
Eloy Alfaro167,784
Esmeraldas165,216
Ambato154,369

Ecuador Area and Population Density

Ecuador, which is on the west coast of South America, has the Pacific Ocean along its western border and otherwise touched by Colombia and Peru. Based on the 2019 population of 17,096,322, the population density of Ecuador is 156 people per square mile (60 people per square kilometer) – placing the country at 120th in the whole world. This is spread over the country’s 109,483 square miles (283,560 square kilometers) of surface area.

Largest Cities in Ecuador

The majority of people in Ecuador live in the central regions, the Andes mountains or along the coast of the Pacific Ocean. Only 3% of the total population lives in the tropical forest east of the mountains, which still remains very sparsely populated.

The largest concentration of Ecuadorians live in the two largest cities: Guayaquil with a population of 2,350,915 and the capital city of Quito with a population of 2,239,191, according to the 2010 Census data.

Ecuador Population Density Map

Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
202017,643,0541.55%71.0467140
201917,373,6621.69%69.9567141
201817,084,3581.78%68.7967142
201716,785,3611.78%67.5869142
201616,491,1161.72%66.4068142
201516,212,0201.55%65.2868144
201015,011,1171.66%60.4466144
200513,825,8471.74%55.6763144
200012,681,1232.05%51.0663143
199511,455,2042.29%46.1263146
199010,230,9342.45%41.1967145
19859,066,1092.56%36.5071145
19807,989,1862.70%32.1772146
19756,994,3342.88%28.1673147
19706,069,3762.97%24.4473148
19655,243,9772.91%21.1175149
19604,543,6662.81%18.2977149
19553,956,6202.66%15.9378151
19503,470,1590.00%13.9780150

Ecuador Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
202017,643,0541.55%71.0467140
202518,740,5381.21%75.4670139
203019,818,7971.13%79.8069136
203520,831,9011.00%83.8869134
204021,762,3570.88%87.6269135
204522,593,7940.75%90.9770136
205023,316,4570.63%93.8871135
205523,923,1530.52%96.3272131
206024,415,6540.41%98.3172132
206524,785,3220.30%99.8072130
207025,036,8570.20%100.8173130
207525,173,5910.11%101.3672131
208025,202,9960.02%101.4872131
208525,133,141-0.06%101.2072132
209024,981,488-0.12%100.5972131
209524,759,023-0.18%99.6973132

Ecuador Population by Year (Projections)

Ecuador Population Pyramid 2020

Ecuador Median Age

27.7


Total

27


Male

28.4


Female

Ecuador Population by Age

There are 11,624,607 adults in Ecuador.

Ecuador Population Pyramid

Ecuador, officially the Republic of Ecuador, is bordered by Colombia, Peru and the Pacific Ocean. Along with the mainland, the country also includes the Galapagos Islands in the Pacific, which are about 620 miles west of the mainland.

Ecuador Demographics

Ecuador has a very ethnically diverse population. As of 2014, the largest ethnic group remains Mestizos, descendants of Spanish colonists and indigenous people, who make up 71.9% of the population. Amerindians account for nearly 7% of the population, while Afro-Ecuadorians, who live mostly in Imbabura and Esmeraldas provinces, make up 7% of the population. White people of European descent make up 12.% of Ecuador's population.

Most of the ethnic groups of Ecuador descend from the Spanish colonists and South American Indians, as the mixture of these two groups created the Mestizo category. Afro-Ecuadorians are descendants of black slaves who arrived in the country to work on plantations in the 16th century. Until the 1950's, the geography of ethnicity in Ecuador remained very well-defined until a jump in migration.

Just decades ago, most Mestizos lived in small rural towns in the countryside, Indians made up the majority of the rural Sierra population, black residents lived in Esmeraldas, Carchi and Imbabura provinces while the white population resided mostly in the large cities. Due primarily to pressure on the Sierra land resources, Indians began migrating to the cities and many began switching their ethnic identity to Mestizo beginning in the 1980's.

Ecuador Religion, Economy and Politics

Ecuador has a long history with Christianity, and it remains the prominent religion today, but it is not the power that it once was. Catholicism was named the official religion in 1869, but in 1899 a revised constitution allowed for more religious freedom. Today 79% of the population is Roman Catholic, 11% are Protestant, and the majority of the remaining 10% of the population is atheist or agnostic.

Oil is by far the most prominent industry in Ecuador, and they experienced a significant economic boost during the 2007-2014, but have been struggling to find their feet in the years since. The economy is still growing slightly, but not at the rates of the boom. In March of 2019, the International Monetary Fund approved $10 billion US dollars in support.

Ecuador Population History

Ecuador has been its own nation, free from Spain, since 1830. This was followed by a long period of internal conflict due to conflicting ideologies within the newly forming government. However, Ecuador has managed to stay out of any major disputes with other nations, save a minor border war with Peru in 1981. The rate of growth was close to 3%, for most of the 1900s until it began to gradually slow during the 1908s, coming down to 2% around 2000.

About Ecuador