Mali Population 2024 (Live)

24,033,870

According to current projections, Mali’s population is expected to grow for the rest of the century. Mali’s population is currently at about 20.25 million people and is expected to surpass 50 million by 2058 and increase to almost 80 million by 2099. This means that Mali’s population will almost quadruple over the next 80 years.

Mali’s population is increasing at a rate of 3.02%, which has been about the average since 2000. This added about 593,000 people to the population from 2019 to 2020.

Mali’s high fertility rate of 5.92 births per woman is one of the highest in the world. This fertility rate keeps the population very young, with a median age of 16.3 years, and is the main cause of the rapid population increase.

Population Rank
Growth Rate
2024 World Percentage
Land Area
1,220,190
The current population of Mali is 24,033,870 based on projections of the latest United Nations data. The UN estimates the July 1, 2024 population at 24,015,789.

Mali Growth Rate

Mali Population Clock

Mali Population (as of 7/9/2024)24,033,870
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2024)24,015,789
Births per Day2,667
Deaths per Day548
Migrations per Day-110
Net Change per Day2,009
Population Change Since Jan. 1383,719

Components of Population Change

One birth every 32 seconds
One death every 2.63 minutes
One emigrant every 13.08 minutes
Net gain of one person every 43 seconds

Mali Population Clock

Mali Population Density Map

City
2024 Population
Bamako1,297,281
Sikasso144,786
Mopti108,456
Koutiala99,353
Segou92,552
Gao87,000
Kayes78,406
Markala53,738
Kolokani48,774
Kati42,922

Mali Area and Population Density

The west African country of Mali covers 478,800 square miles (1,240,000 square kilometers) of area, almost all of which is land. Mali completely landlocked and is bordered by Mauritania, Senegal, Guinea, Cote d'Ivoire, Burkina Faso, Niamey, and Algeria. It is the 8th largest nation in Africa. Calculated with the 2019 population of 19,768,861 citizens, the population density of Mali is 41.1 people per square mile (15.9 people per square kilometer), making it the 176th most densely populated country in the world.

Largest Cities in Mali

Roughly a third of the population in Mali live in urban areas, and there are a few sizable cities that house these citizens. The capital city of Bamako is by far the largest with a population of just over 2 million. The city is located in a more fertile part of the country along the Niger River, where agriculture is able to feed a city of this size. There are no other cities with populations near this size, but there are several smaller cities scattered throughout the country, like Sikasso, Kalabancoro, Koutiala, and Segou - all of which have populations under 300,000.

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Year
Population
Growth Rate
Density (/km²)
Population Rank
Density Rank
202424,015,7893.15%2058196
202323,293,6983.16%1958198
202021,224,0403.19%1760199
201920,567,4243.18%1760201
201819,934,2983.23%1660201
201719,311,3553.27%1661204
201518,112,9073.13%1562205
201015,529,1813.33%1365208
200513,180,5513.24%1167207
200011,239,1012.53%969207
19959,921,0942.09%876209
19908,945,0261.79%775209
19858,187,6512.12%774208
19807,372,5811.97%675208
19756,687,2931.68%576207
19706,153,5871.45%574205
19655,726,3821.38%572203
19605,346,7921.29%470201
19555,014,6801.33%468198

Mali Population by Year (Historical)

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Year
Population
Growth Rate
Density (/km²)
Population Rank
Density Rank
202424,015,7893.15%2058196
202524,758,6583.13%2058195
203028,712,2943.01%2456194
203533,051,1422.85%2755192
204037,687,7902.66%3151187
204542,526,1962.44%3549186
205047,439,8022.21%3944183
205552,348,4881.99%4341179
206057,218,2531.8%4740174
206562,013,0861.62%5137171
207066,622,4851.44%5535169
207570,969,5041.27%5833167
208075,017,0181.12%6131163
208578,705,0230.97%6530160
209081,945,9280.81%6729156
209584,743,0510.67%6928156

Mali Population by Year (Projections)

Mali Population Pyramid 2024

Mali Median Age

16.1

Total

15.6

Male

16.5

Female

Mali Population by Age

There are people over age 18 in Mali.

Census Years

Year
Date
20192019
200914 April 2009
199814 April 1998
198730 April 1987

Mali Population Pyramid

Mali is a large, landlocked country in West Africa with more than 1.24 million square kilometers (480,000 square miles) of land. In 2012, an armed conflict broke out and Tuareg rebels took control, declaring secession of a new state, Azawad. While it was recaptured, negotiations are expected to take place.

Mali Demographics

The people of Mali are comprised of several sub-Saharan ethnic groups. The largest is the Bambara, accounting for 37% of the population. While the official language of Mali is French, 80% of people speak Bambara and there are at least 40 African languages in use. The Bambara, Sonike, Khassonke and Malinke are part of the larger Mande group, which accounts for half of the country's population. Other large ethnic groups include the Fula (17%), Voltaic (12%), Songhai (6%) and the Tuareg and Moor (10%).

Mali Religion, Economy and Politics

Mali is considered an Islamic society, with over 90% of the population practicing Islam. Most Muslim people in Mali are Sunni, but there are also Ahmadiyya and Shia communities present. The small non-muslim population is split pretty evenly between Christians, and those practicing indigenous beliefs.

The economy in Mali is largely based in rural agriculture, which occupies 70% of their workforce, and their economy is doing very poorly. Mali is both one of the 10 poorest countries in the world, as well as on a list of 37 very poor, and also very indebted countries, and they rely heavily on foreign aid.

Mali Population History

Mali was considered an empire until around the 14th century when the Songhai Empire took control of the gold trade in the important trading city of Timbuktu. Moroccans took the land from the Songhai in the late 16th century. The French advanced on Mali in the 19th century, beginning religious wars in the area. The French gained total control in 1898, and the country was called French Sudan. Mali became a free, socialist state in 1960, and later became a democracy in the 1990s.

Mali Population Rank 2024
Country Age
Area (km²)
1,240,192
2024 Growth Rate
Capital
GDP (IMF '23)
$21.66
GDP (UN '22)
$18.83 Bn

Sources