Mozambique Population 2020 (Live)

31,364,335

Mozambique’s current population is 31.26 million. Based on current projections, Mozambique’s population will surpass 100 million by 2078 and will reach 122.8 million by the end of the century. This means that over the next 80 years, Mozambique is projected to almost quadruple its current population.

Mozambique is growing at a rate of 2.93% every year. The fertility rate is high at 4.89 births per woman, caused by early first pregnancies and the low use of contraceptive methods.

Mozambique faces several challenges with population growth because the country is very poor. Some of these challenges include ensuring access to health care and education (and compromising the quality of these services) and unemployment.

The current population of Mozambique is 31,364,335, based on projections of the latest United Nations data. The UN estimates the July 1, 2020 population at 31,255,435.

Mozambique Growth Rate

Mozambique Population 2020 (Live)

Name Population
Maputo1,191,613
Matola675,422
Beira530,604
Nampula388,526
Chimoio256,936
Nacala224,795
Quelimane188,964
Tete129,316
Xai-Xai127,366
Maxixe119,868

Mozambique Area and Population Density

Mozambique, with an area of 309,496 square miles (801,563 square kilometers) remains fairly sparsely populated with 29 people per square kilometer, which is 178th in the world. The north-central provinces of Nampula and Zambezia are the most populous regions of Mozambique and account for 45% of the total population.

Largest Cities in Mozambique

The largest city and capital is Maputo (previously Lourenco Marques) with a population of 1.2 million. The once second-largest city of Matola, had a dramatic population increase going from 671,556 to 1,616,267 between 2007 and 2017.

Mozambique Population Density Map

Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
202031,255,4352.93%39.7546170
201930,366,0362.95%38.6147172
201829,496,0042.96%37.5147172
201728,649,0182.94%36.4348173
201627,829,9382.91%35.3948173
201527,042,0022.82%34.3948175
201023,531,5742.80%29.9249179
200520,493,9252.96%26.0651181
200017,711,9272.73%22.5253180
199515,483,2863.58%19.6954181
199012,987,2920.35%16.5255186
198512,764,3871.88%16.2354183
198011,630,1942.73%14.7953183
197510,165,2152.41%12.9355183
19709,022,7412.33%11.4757182
19658,039,2152.27%10.2260182
19607,184,8692.00%9.1462183
19556,508,3981.78%8.2863181
19505,958,9700.00%7.5860180

Mozambique Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
202031,255,4352.93%39.7546170
202535,984,6202.86%45.7643168
203041,184,8342.74%52.3738164
203546,786,2932.58%59.5037158
204052,729,2002.42%67.0535155
204558,928,2942.25%74.9432151
205065,312,9292.08%83.0631146
205571,805,2131.91%91.3129141
206078,358,1301.76%99.6426129
206584,887,7631.61%107.9526125
207091,304,8771.47%116.1124119
207597,543,4541.33%124.0423116
2080103,507,9331.19%131.6322111
2085109,141,7371.07%138.7921109
2090114,390,2800.94%145.4621107
2095119,241,4440.83%151.6321104

Mozambique Population by Year (Projections)

Mozambique Population Pyramid 2020

Mozambique Median Age

17.2


Total

16.6


Male

17.8


Female

Mozambique Population by Age

There are 14,760,691 adults in Mozambique.

Mozambique Population Pyramid

Mozambique, officially the Republic of Mozambique, is a country in Southeast Africa bordered by Zimbabwe, Swaziland, South Africa, Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia, and the Indian Ocean. It is also separated from the island of Madagascar by the Mozambique Channel.

Mozambique Demographics

Other groups living in Mozambique include: Makonde, Swahili, Tonga, Yao, Nguni, and Chopi. The Bantu account for 97.8% of the population, with the rest including White Africans (mostly of Portuguese descent), Euro-Africans (of mixed Bantu and Portuguese heritage) and Indians. There are about 45,000 people of Indian descent in the country.

The Makua live in the northern region of the country, the Sena and Shona live in the Zambezi valley, and the Shangaan (or Tsonga) are dominant in the southern region of the country.

Mozambique Religion, Economy and Politics

Religion in Mozambique is somewhat varied, with 56.1% of the population practicing Christianity, 17.9% practicing Islam, and the remaining with the remaining 26% either practicing a different religion or being agnostic/atheist. Religious groups tend to be in different regions of the country, with the north being predominantly Muslim and the south having more Christians.

More than half of the country's population lives in poverty and rely on agricultural subsidies. Private land ownership is strictly prohibited, and political corruption and police extortion are commonplace in Mozambique. Politics and business go hand in hand in an unhealthy way, and keeps the people of the country in very unfortunate circumstances.

Mozambique Population History

The longstanding power of the Mozambique Liberation Front (FRELIMO) has been in place since 1975. They clashed with the Mozambican National Resistance (RENAMO) during a 16-year civil war that ended in 1992. The government has been accumulating unauthorized debt for a long time, making it difficult to get aid and keeping most of the country very poor.

About Mozambique