South Sudan Population 2024 (Live)

11,260,219

According to current projections, South Sudan’s population is expected to grow throughout the rest of the 21st century. At 11.19 million people as of 2020, the population is expected to grow to 19.96 million people by 2050 and 31.74 million by 2100.

South Sudan grew 1.19% from 2019 to 2020, an increase of about 131,000 people. While net migration remains negative for the country, its fertility rate is still relatively high at 4.74 births per woman. This makes for a very young population.

South Sudan’s increasing population must face challenges such as an increasing population density, as much of the country is uninhabitable and 33% of the population occupies 7% of the land. Additionally, economic growth struggles with the increasing population and environmental degradation will continue to worsen.

South Sudan Population Growth

As the distribution of wealth between Sudan and South Sudan at the point of independence was determined in part by their relative populations, the government in Khartoum had an incentive to manipulate the figures. Additional criticisms of the 2008 Sudan population census were that it excluded the South Sudanese diaspora, that poor weather and communication conditions had prevented some people from being surveyed, and that the Sudanese Government had refused to share the raw population data from the census with the Government of South Sudan.

Accurate South Sudan population statistics are difficult to obtain, a fact which is probably not surprising when you consider that it only gained independence from Sudan on the 9th of July 2011, and is one of the world’s newest countries.

A 2008 census showed that the population of South Sudan was 8,260,490. However, this figure is hotly disputed because the census was conducted by the Sudanese Government of the time and is believed by many to have been manipulated for political reasons.

South Sudan Population Projections

Fortunately, the growth rate in South Sudan has slowed significantly post Darfur conflict, and rates are expected to continue slowing in the years to come. However, the growth will still be enough to see the population double over the next 30 years or so. Current predictions believe that the 2019 growth rate of 2.66% will peak in 2020 at 2.75% before declining towards 2% by 2040. These projections say that the population of South Sudan will be 13,610,007 in 2020, 17,254,367 in 2030, 21,189,205 in 2040 and 25,366,221 in 2050.

Population Rank
Growth Rate
2024 World Percentage
Land Area
631,930
The current population of South Sudan is 11,260,219 based on projections of the latest United Nations data. The UN estimates the July 1, 2024 population at 11,277,092.

South Sudan Growth Rate

South Sudan Population Clock

South Sudan Population (as of 5/29/2024)11,260,219
Next UN Estimate (July 1, 2024)11,277,092
Births per Day894
Deaths per Day310
Migrations per Day-57
Net Change per Day527
Population Change Since Jan. 179,050

Components of Population Change

One birth every 1.62 minutes
One death every 4.65 minutes
One emigrant every 25.27 minutes
Net gain of one person every 2.73 minutes

South Sudan Population Clock

South Sudan Population Density Map

City
2024 Population
Juba450,000
Winejok300,000
Malakal160,765
Wau127,384
Pajok49,000
Yei40,382
Yambio40,382
Aweil38,745
Gogrial38,572
Rumbek32,083

South Sudan Area and Population Density

The landlocked nation of South Sudan, officially the Republic of South Sudan, is located in East-Central Africa surrounded by Ethiopia, Sudan, Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, and Kenya. The land itself is a combination of swamp, grasslands, and tropical forests and covers 239,285 square miles (619,745 square kilometers) of surface area, which ranks 43rd in the world in terms of size. Using the 2017 population of 12.58 million, the population density of South Sudan is 52.6 people per square mile (20.3 people per square kilometer), which ranks 163rd in the world.

Largest Cities in South Sudan

Less than 20% of the people living in Sudan reside in urban areas, meaning there aren't many large cities in the country. The largest city in the capital of Juba with just under half a million people living there. Juba is home to much of South Sudan's economic and financial institutions, but war has ravaged the city for long enough that the infrastructure is still in serious disrepair. The next largest metro area is the city of Bor, which lies on the White Nile and contains 315,000 residents. The only other two South Sudanese cities with populations over 200,000 are the cities of Yei and Wau.

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Year
Population
Growth Rate
Density (/km²)
Population Rank
Density Rank
202411,277,0921.54%1885199
202311,088,7961.3%1886200
202010,606,2271.52%1786200
201910,447,6660.5%1788199
201810,395,329-2.47%1788199
201710,658,226-3.69%1785197
201511,194,2992.88%1880195
20109,714,4194.86%1688197
20057,662,6544.62%1394203
20006,114,4402.89%10100205
19955,302,0422.22%9102208
19904,750,8170.19%8106207
19854,706,9752.34%8102204
19804,192,0122.43%7103203
19753,718,2792.15%6105204
19703,342,4101.23%5105203
19653,143,6221.57%5104200
19602,907,7241.53%5102197
19552,695,3491.58%4101194

South Sudan Population by Year (Historical)

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Year
Population
Growth Rate
Density (/km²)
Population Rank
Density Rank
202411,277,0921.54%1885199
202511,473,4391.58%1984199
203012,570,4021.84%2182199
203513,850,9951.96%2380196
204015,134,6331.79%2580195
204516,343,9041.55%2779194
205017,460,8461.33%2978192
205518,503,0711.17%3077191
206019,495,2061.05%3277191
206520,452,7540.96%3374190
207021,339,9130.85%3573187
207522,090,4350.69%3673185
208022,677,3870.53%3773184
208523,107,0080.38%3872184
209023,398,6680.25%3871182
209523,589,5310.16%3971181

South Sudan Population by Year (Projections)

South Sudan Population Pyramid 2024

South Sudan Median Age

18.6

Total

18.9

Male

18.3

Female

South Sudan Population by Age

There are people over age 18 in South Sudan.

Census Years

Year
Date
20172017
20085 June 2008
199315 April 1993

South Sudan Population Pyramid

It is estimated that around 11% of South Sudanese people were not surveyed, which, if correct, would mean that the population of South Sudan in 2008 was around 9.28 million people. The South Sudan population in 2011 was considerably higher - perhaps as much as 10-12 million.

South Sudan Demographics

There are more than 60 ethnic groups in South Sudan, including the Dinka, and also many different languages spoken. The vast majority of people in South Sudan speak one of the Nilo-Saharan languages, but the official language is English, and this is also fairly widely spoken.

Data on religion in South Sudan is also extremely limited. As well as indigenous religions, Christianity and Islam have prospered in South Sudan. The last census in South Sudan to survey religion, however, was held in the 1950s.

South Sudan Religion, Economy and Politics

South Sudan is a fairly religiously divided nation. The top two faiths are traditional African religions and Christianity, and the percentages of each vary depending on who you ask. A study, "Religion in South Sudan," by the Pew Research on Religion, stated that South Sudan's population are 60.5% Christian, 32.9% follow traditional African religion, 6.2% are Muslim, and 0.4% are considered "other."

All of the years of civil war in South Sudan has left its economy very weak and underdeveloped. South Sudan is one of the world's poorest countries, and they have one of the highest maternal mortality and female illiteracy rates in the world. Most homes lack electricity or running water, and paved roads are very uncommon. The largest industry in South Sudan in the international export of lumber. The country also contains many natural resources like copper, chromium, zinc, iron ore, petroleum, mica, silver, gold, and hydropower. The economy is also heavily reliant on agricultural products like cotton, groundnuts, wheat, sugarcane, mangos, bananas, and sweet potatoes.

South Sudan Population History

South Sudan is a relatively new country and doesn't have much of an extensive history. Sudan didn't become an independent nation until 1956 and experienced a few decades of civil unrest as the country settled. The United States launched a missile attack against a pharmaceutical plant in the city of Khartoum, claiming that they were producing chemical weapons. South Sudan participated in the United Nations efforts to end the genocide in Darfur in the early 2000s. The population increased significantly during this period because of the number of refugees in the region. South Sudan ceded from the rest of Sudan in 2011.

South Sudan Population Rank 2024
Area (km²)
619,745
2024 Growth Rate
Capital
GDP (IMF '23)
$6.52
GDP (UN '22)
$4.62 Bn

Sources