Vanuatu Population 2023 (Live)


Vanuatu is currently growing at a rate of 2.4% per year. The country has a fertility rate of 3.82 births per woman, which has declined over the last sixty years but remains high. The life expectancy is 71 years.

The current population of Vanuatu is 332,245 based on projections of the latest United Nations data. The UN estimates the July 1, 2023 population at 334,506.

Vanuatu Growth Rate

Vanuatu Population 2023 (Live)

Vanuatu Population Clock

Vanuatu Population (as of 3/17/2023)332,245
Next UN Estimate (July 1, 2023)334,506
Births per Day26
Deaths per Day5
Migrations per Day
Net Change per Day21
Population Change Since Jan. 11,575

Components of Population Change

One birth every 55 minutes
One death every 288 minutes
One immigrant every Infinity minutes
Net gain of one person every 69 minutes

Vanuatu Population Clock

Vanuatu Population Density Map

Vanuatu Population by Year (Historical)

Vanuatu Population by Year (Projections)

Vanuatu Population Pyramid 2023

Vanuatu Median Age







Vanuatu Population by Age

There are people over age 18 in Vanuatu.

Census Years

Vanuatu Population Pyramid

Most of the population of Vanuatu is rural, although Port Vila and Luganville have sizable populations. Port Vila is the largest city and capital with a population of 45,000, accounting for 19% of the country's total population.

Vanuatu Demographics

The first inhabitants of Vanuatu were the Melanesian people. Europeans first visited the island through a Spanish expedition in 1605, claiming the archipelago for Spain. France and the United Kingdom claimed parts of the country in the 1880s and it was jointly managed in 1906. Vanuatu gained independence from France and the United Kingdom in 1980.

The inhabitants of Vanuatu are known as Ni-Vanuatu. 98.5% of the population are of Melanesian descent, with the rest comprised of a mix of Europeans, Asians and other Pacific Islanders. Three of the islands of Vanuatu were historically Polynesian.

There are also about 2,000 Ni-Vanuatu working and living in New Caledonia, about 300 miles away. Nearly 90% of the population fishes and eats fish, which has caused a great deal of pressure near villages as shore species are depleted.

Vanuatu - General Info