Vanuatu Population 2020 (Live)

308,045

Vanuatu is currently growing at a rate of 2.4% per year. The country has a fertility rate of 3.82 births per woman, which has declined over the last sixty years but remains high. The life expectancy is 71 years.

The current population of Vanuatu is 308,045, based on projections of the latest United Nations data. The UN estimates the July 1, 2020 population at 307,145.

Vanuatu Growth Rate

Vanuatu Population 2020 (Live)

Name Population
Port-Vila35,901
Luganville13,397
Isangel1,437
Sola1,171
Lakatoro705

Vanuatu Population Density Map

Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
2020307,1452.42%25.20181188
2019299,8822.46%24.60181189
2018292,6802.51%24.01181189
2017285,5102.58%23.42182189
2016278,3302.66%22.83182189
2015271,1302.80%22.24183189
2010236,2112.45%19.38184188
2005209,2822.50%17.17184190
2000184,9721.92%15.17184192
1995168,1582.79%13.79185193
1990146,5732.43%12.02186193
1985129,9842.37%10.66187194
1980115,5972.97%9.48188195
197599,8593.18%8.19187194
197085,3772.83%7.00189194
196574,2703.12%6.09190195
196063,6893.01%5.22190194
195554,9212.86%4.51191195
195047,6970.00%3.91192196

Vanuatu Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
2020307,1452.42%25.20181188
2025344,3052.31%28.24181186
2030383,3732.17%31.45179184
2035424,5372.06%34.83178184
2040467,5191.95%38.35176183
2045511,7391.82%41.98175180
2050556,7561.70%45.67175177
2055601,9951.57%49.38172174
2060647,2481.46%53.10172171
2065692,4211.36%56.80170167
2070737,0381.26%60.46170165
2075780,4401.15%64.02169160
2080822,4061.05%67.47168157
2085862,4260.95%70.75168155
2090900,3410.86%73.86166153
2095935,4400.77%76.74165148

Vanuatu Population by Year (Projections)

Vanuatu Population Pyramid 2020

Vanuatu Median Age

22


Total

21.6


Male

22.4


Female

Vanuatu Population by Age

There are 166,052 adults in Vanuatu.

Vanuatu Population Pyramid

Most of the population of Vanuatu is rural, although Port Vila and Luganville have sizable populations. Port Vila is the largest city and capital with a population of 45,000, accounting for 19% of the country's total population.

Vanuatu Demographics

The first inhabitants of Vanuatu were the Melanesian people. Europeans first visited the island through a Spanish expedition in 1605, claiming the archipelago for Spain. France and the United Kingdom claimed parts of the country in the 1880s and it was jointly managed in 1906. Vanuatu gained independence from France and the United Kingdom in 1980.

The inhabitants of Vanuatu are known as Ni-Vanuatu. 98.5% of the population are of Melanesian descent, with the rest comprised of a mix of Europeans, Asians and other Pacific Islanders. Three of the islands of Vanuatu were historically Polynesian.

There are also about 2,000 Ni-Vanuatu working and living in New Caledonia, about 300 miles away. Nearly 90% of the population fishes and eats fish, which has caused a great deal of pressure near villages as shore species are depleted.

About Vanuatu