Vanuatu Population 2024 (Live)

340,586

Vanuatu is currently growing at a rate of 2.4% per year. The country has a fertility rate of 3.82 births per woman, which has declined over the last sixty years but remains high. The life expectancy is 71 years.

Population Rank
Growth Rate
2024 World Percentage
Land Area
12,190
The current population of Vanuatu is 340,586 based on projections of the latest United Nations data. The UN estimates the July 1, 2024 population at 342,325.

Vanuatu Growth Rate

Vanuatu Population 2024 (Live)

Vanuatu Population Clock

Vanuatu Population (as of 4/10/2024)340,586
Next UN Estimate (July 1, 2024)342,325
Births per Day26
Deaths per Day5
Migrations per Day0
Net Change per Day21
Population Change Since Jan. 12,121

Components of Population Change

One birth every 55.38 minutes
One death every 288 minutes
One immigrant every Infinity minutes
Net gain of one person every 68.57 minutes

Vanuatu Population Clock

City
2024 Population
Port-Vila35,901
Luganville13,397
Isangel1,437
Sola1,171
Lakatoro705

Vanuatu Population Density Map

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Year
Population
Growth Rate
Density (/km²)
Population Rank
Density Rank
2024342,3252.38%28183185
2023334,5062.39%27183185
2020311,6852.39%26182187
2019304,4042.39%25182189
2018297,2982.43%24183189
2017290,2392.48%24183188
2015276,4382.41%23185187
2010245,4532.44%20185187
2005217,6322.53%18185188
2000192,0742.4%16185189
1995170,6122.49%14186190
1990150,8822.54%12187191
1985133,1192.41%11187194
1980118,1562.98%10187194
1975102,0103.23%8188193
197087,0193.11%7190193
196574,6772.94%6190192
196064,6082.62%5191193
195556,7701.94%5192193

Vanuatu Population by Year (Historical)

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Year
Population
Growth Rate
Density (/km²)
Population Rank
Density Rank
2024342,3252.38%28183185
2025350,2022.36%29183185
2030391,1352.24%32181183
2035435,0472.15%36180183
2040481,6412.06%40179180
2045529,8381.93%43177176
2050578,5671.77%47175174
2055627,2711.63%51174170
2060675,8591.5%55174167
2065724,2771.39%59174164
2070772,1401.29%63172161
2075818,9091.18%67170158
2080863,9171.08%71169156
2085906,5240.97%74169152
2090946,8370.87%78167150
2095984,5530.78%81167142

Vanuatu Population by Year (Projections)

Vanuatu Population Pyramid 2024

Vanuatu Median Age

23

Total

22.6

Male

23.5

Female

Vanuatu Population by Age

There are people over age 18 in Vanuatu.

Census Years

Year
Date
20162016
200930 November 2009
199930 November 1999
198916 May 1989
198620 January 1986

Vanuatu Population Pyramid

Most of the population of Vanuatu is rural, although Port Vila and Luganville have sizable populations. Port Vila is the largest city and capital with a population of 45,000, accounting for 19% of the country's total population.

Vanuatu Demographics

The first inhabitants of Vanuatu were the Melanesian people. Europeans first visited the island through a Spanish expedition in 1605, claiming the archipelago for Spain. France and the United Kingdom claimed parts of the country in the 1880s and it was jointly managed in 1906. Vanuatu gained independence from France and the United Kingdom in 1980.

The inhabitants of Vanuatu are known as Ni-Vanuatu. 98.5% of the population are of Melanesian descent, with the rest comprised of a mix of Europeans, Asians and other Pacific Islanders. Three of the islands of Vanuatu were historically Polynesian.

There are also about 2,000 Ni-Vanuatu working and living in New Caledonia, about 300 miles away. Nearly 90% of the population fishes and eats fish, which has caused a great deal of pressure near villages as shore species are depleted.

Vanuatu Population Rank 2024
Area (km²)
12,189
2024 Growth Rate
Capital
GDP (IMF '23)
$1.17
GDP (UN '22)
$985.25 Mn

Vanuatu - General Info

Sources