We've all heard the term "Hispanic," but do you know what it means? This term refers to the culture, people, and nations linked to Spain or the Spanish language. This is different from the term "Latino," which refers to the people, culture, and countries in Latin America. "Hispanic" includes Spain but excludes Brazil, while "Latino" includes Brazil but excludes Spain.
However, there are different contexts in which the term "Hispanic" is used. For example, the United States Census Bureau defines "Hispanic" as anyone of Mexican, Cuban, Puerto Rican, South American, Central American, or Spanish origin. This definition is further expanded to indicate that Hispanics can be of any ancestry, ethnicity, or race. According to this definition, over 50 million people identified themselves as Hispanic in the last U.S. Census taken in 2010.
Most of the Hispanic countries were once owned by the Spanish Empire after the European colonization of the Americas. However, its earliest meaning was used in reference to the people of Roman Hispania. Today, this area includes Portugal, Andorra, Spain, and Gibraltar.
Hispanic countries today are characterized by having Spanish as their official language. Many countries worldwide are spanish-speaking countries but are not Hispanic countries.
The Hispanic countries are: