NATO Spending by Country

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The North Atlantic Treaty Organization – or NATO is a military and political alliance used to guarantee each of its members' security and freedom. Created after World War II, the goal of NATO is to promote democratic values, cooperate on defense and security issues, and to build trust among members. This, in turn, helps prevent conflict from occurring. NATO also promotes a peaceful resolution of disputes. However, if diplomatic efforts do not work, the military alliance is used for crisis-management operations.

As of 2019, there are 29 members of NATO. Those nations include:

  • Albania
  • Belgium, Bulgaria
  • Canada, Croatia, Czech Republic
  • Denmark
  • Estonia
  • France
  • Germany, Greece
  • Hungary
  • Iceland, Italy
  • Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg
  • Montenegro
  • Netherlands, Norway
  • Poland, Portugal
  • Romania
  • Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain
  • Turkey
  • United Kingdom, United States

During the 2014 summit, all NATO members agreed to spend 2% of their GDPs on defense by 2025. According to data gathered in 2017, many nations still fall short of this threshold.

The United States is just one of three nations that exceed the 2% threshold. The United States spends 3.6% of its GDP on defense. This equates to just under $686 billion.

Another nation that has met this threshold is the United Kingdom, which spends 2.1% of its GDP on defense – or $55.2 million. Greece has spent 2.4% of its GDP on the military, which is about $4.7 million.

Poland has also met this goal by spending precisely 2% of its GDP toward its military.

France falls just slightly short of the goal by spending 1.8% of its GDP on defense. Romania also spends this percentage but, with a smaller GDP, pays a smaller amount. Latvia's military spending is also 1.8% of its GDP, but the total amount spent is relatively low compared to the other NATO members.

By percentage of GDP spent, the U.S. comes out on top. In order of percentage of GDP spent, the top 10 nations include:

  • United States: 3.6%
  • Greece: 2.4%
  • United Kingdom: 2.1%
  • Estonia: 2.1%
  • Poland: 2.0%
  • France: 1.8%
  • Romania: 1.8%
  • Latvia: 1.8%
  • Lithuania: 1.7%
  • Norway: 1.6%

Here are the 10 countries with the most NATO spending:

  1. United States ($6.85 Tn)
  2. United Kingdom ($655.27 Bn)
  3. Germany ($491.32 Bn)
  4. France ($477.05 Bn)
  5. Italy ($232.81 Bn)
  6. Canada ($212.77 Bn)
  7. Turkey ($180.00 Bn)
  8. Spain ($123.36 Bn)
  9. Poland ($113.76 Bn)
  10. Netherlands ($113.60 Bn)

NATO Spending by Country


NATO Spending by Country

Country Total NATO Spending Share of GDP 2021 Population
United States$6.85 Tn3.42%332,915,073
United Kingdom$655.27 Bn2.13%68,207,116
Germany$491.32 Bn1.36%83,900,473
France$477.05 Bn1.84%65,426,179
Italy$232.81 Bn1.22%60,367,477
Canada$212.77 Bn1.27%38,067,903
Turkey$180.00 Bn1.89%85,042,738
Spain$123.36 Bn0.92%46,745,216
Poland$113.76 Bn2.01%37,797,005
Netherlands$113.60 Bn1.35%17,173,099
Norway$70.14 Bn1.70%5,465,630
Greece$46.24 Bn2.24%10,370,744
Belgium$44.94 Bn0.93%11,632,326
Denmark$44.34 Bn1.35%5,813,298
Romania$43.68 Bn2.04%19,127,774
Portugal$30.64 Bn1.41%10,167,925
Czech Republic$25.13 Bn1.19%10,724,555
Slovakia$17.54 Bn1.74%5,460,721
Hungary$17.39 Bn1.21%9,634,164
Croatia$9.70 Bn1.75%4,081,651
Lithuania$9.33 Bn1.98%2,689,862
Bulgaria$9.27 Bn1.61%6,896,663
Latvia$6.22 Bn2.01%1,866,942
Estonia$5.69 Bn2.13%1,325,185
Slovenia$5.25 Bn1.04%2,078,724
Luxembourg$3.45 Bn0.55%634,814
Albania$1.66 Bn1.26%2,872,933
Montenegro$780.00 Mn1.65%628,053

NATO Spending by Country