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Penguin Population

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Click on a country for details.

Penguin Population by Country 2024

- Population estimates unavailable for a handful of countries.
- The number of species of penguin in the world is slightly uncertain, as some species resemble one another greatly. Most sources settle on 17-18 dictinct species, though geneticists believe the number may be as many as 20 species.
- Many penguins live, or at least breed, in remote non-countries such as Antarctica, which has an estimated penguin population of 44,000,000. Four species of penguin live almost exclusively in the Antarctic: Adelie, Chinstrap, Emperor, and Gentoo.
- Several remote non-sovereign territories near the Antarctic also have significant penguin populations, including the Norwegian territory Bouvet Island or the British territory South Georgia Island.
- Penguins are largely migratory and frequently spend the non-breeding season far from their breeding grounds. Hence, the breeding habitats listed in Table 2 should not be considered the only locations where a given species may appear.

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Country
Penguin Population
Typical Species
Chile13,000,00010 - King, Emperor, Gentoo, Adelie, Chinstrap, Rockhopper, Macaroni, Little, Humboldt and Magellanic.
Falkland Islands1,200,0005 - King, Gentoo, Rockhopper, Magellanic, and Macaroni
Argentina1,000,0007 - King, Emperor, Gentoo, Chinstrap, Rockhopper, Macaroni and Magellanic.
Australia500,00011 - Little/Blue (the only species to breed there), King , Emperor, Gentoo, Adelie, Chinstrap, Rockhopper, Fiordland, Erect-Crested, Macaroni and Magellanic.
New Zealand500,0007 - Rockhopper, Tawaki or Fiordland, Snares, Erect-crested, Yellow-eyed (native), White-flippered and Blue. | Note: Other sources claim as many as 13 species frequent New Zealand, but do not list the species.
South Africa60,0004 - King, Rockhopper, Macaroni and African (endangered species).
Namibia26,0002 - Little/Blue and African.
Brazil10,0001 - Magellanic. | However, King, Rockhopper and Macaroni may appear sporadically or accidentally.
Peru4,0002 - King and Humboldt.
Angola1 - African.
Mozambique1 - African.
Ecuador2 - Humboldt and Galapagos.
Uruguay3 - King, Rockhopper and Magellanic.
showing: 13 rows

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Penguin Population by Country 2024