It is well known that the United States has 50 states. Many other countries worldwide have administrative units or divisions that are not called states but function similarly or the same as states do in the U.S.
Administrative divisions (units, entities, regions, or areas) are portions of a country given a certain degree of autonomy and manage themselves through local governments. Administrative divisions are usually in the form of counties, provinces, states, or cantons.
Australia has six states: New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, and Western Australia. Each state has its own constitution that divides each state's governments into the same divisions as the federal government (legislature, executive, and judiciary)
Canada is divided into ten provinces and three territories. The provinces exercise their own constitutional powers. The territories have delegated powers under the authority of the Parliament of Canada; therefore, they are grouped together and ruled by the federal government. Canada's ten provinces are Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, and Saskatchewan. The three territories are Nunavut, Yukon, and Northwest Territories.
China has a more complex organization of administrative divisions. China has 23 provinces, five autonomous regions, four independent municipalities, and the two Special Administrative Regions of Hong Kong and Macau. Provinces are led by a committee and a governor and are most closely related to states. Municipalities are higher-level cities directly under the Chinese government with a status equal to that of provinces. Autonomous regions are minority subjects with a higher population of a specific minority ethnic group and have their own local governments. A special administrative region (SAR) is a self-governing, high autonomous subnational subject of China; however, its foreign policy and military defense are the Chinese government's responsibility.
Ethiopia has nine ethnically-based administrative regions or states and the federal capital, Addis Ababa. Ethiopia's nine regional states are Afar, Amhara, Benishangul-Gumuz, Gambela, Harari, Oromia, Somali, Southern Nations, and Tigray.
France has 18 regions: 13 of which are metropolitan regions (located on the European continent) and five overseas. The regions are subdivided into 96 departments. There are also five overseas collectives.
Germany is divided into 16 states.
India is divided into 28 states and eight union territories. Each state has its own capital. Union territories are governed by administrators who are appointed by the President. Three territories, Delhi, Jammu and Kashmir, and Puducherry, have been given partial statehood with reduced powers, allowing elected legislatures and executive councils of ministers.
Indonesia has 24 provinces, two special regions, and a capital city district, Jakarta Raya. Provinces are made up of regencies and cities; provinces, regencies, and cities have their own local governments and parliamentary bodies. The national government controls foreign policy, the system of law, monetary policy, and defense.
Italy is divided into 20 regions. Five of the 20 regions are granted home rule by the Italian constitution: Sardinia, Sicily, Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol, Aosta Valley, and Friuli-Venezia Giulia. These regions are allowed some legislative, administrative, and financial power.
Japan is divided into 47 prefectures. Forty-three prefectures are prefecture proper, two are urban prefectures (Osaka and Kyoto), one is a circuit, and one is a metropolis (Tokyo). The central government delegates many powers to prefectures, such as education and police force, but retains the right to control them. Each prefecture has a governor that is directly elected and acts as the chief executive.
Mexico is comprised of 31 states and the federal district capital of Mexico City. This is very similar to the structure of the United States. Each state in Mexico has its own congress and constitution.
Russia is divided into 22 republics, nine krais, 46 oblasts, three federal cities, one autonomous oblast, and four autonomous okrugs.
South Africa is divided into nine provinces, which are then divided into metropolitan and district municipalities. Each province is governed by a single legislature elected by proportional representation. A Premier is the province's head of government, a role similar to that of the country's President.
Spain is divided into 17 autonomous communities. The autonomous communities have a wide range of powers and exercise the right to self-govern. All autonomous communities also have a parliamentary form of government.
The United Kingdom
The United Kingdom is comprised of Great Britain (England, Scotland, and Wales) and Northern Ireland. England has 39 counties and seven metropolitan counties; Northern Ireland has 26 districts; Wales has eight counties, ad Scotland has nine regions and three island areas.
The United States has 50 states and the District of Columbia. Each U.S. state has its own government and a state constitution. Because of this, laws on different issues vary by state, such as abortion laws and e-cigarette regulations.
Vietnam is divided into 50 provinces and three municipalities.
Countries that have "states" are: