Located in the Pacific Northwest, Oregon is a West Coast state. With Washington State to the north and California to the south, Oregon also borders Idaho and Nevada. With the Pacific Ocean to the east, Oregon shares one of its four borders with a body of water.
The total area of Oregon is 98,379 square miles. Of this total area, approximately 2,391 square miles are water. While 2.4% of Oregon is water, the remaining 95,988 square miles are land. The Beaver State ranks as number nine on the list of largest states, in terms of total area. Oregon is the twenty-seventh largest state based on its population, which has reached a booming number of over 4.20 million people as of 2018.
The lowest point of Oregon is the Pacific Ocean, which, naturally, has an elevation of 0 feet, seeing as it is at sea level. In contrast, Mount Hood is the tallest point in Oregon. Registering at a height of 11,249 feet, Mount Hood is a volcano in the Cascade Mountain Range. On average, the elevation in Oregon is approximately 3,300 feet above sea level. The Oregonian climate is a diverse array of geography. From mountains and valleys, to forests and deserts, Oregon has it all. The closer you are to the coast, the more trees, hills, and windy weather you’ll find. In contrast, the further east you travel, the landscape becomes drier and warmer.
The GPS coordinates of Oregon are comprised of a latitude of 43.8041° N and a longitude of 120.5542° W. Due to its location near and along the coastline, Oregon naturally experiences mild changes in weather, with the foremost forecast exhibiting eventual rain showers and light gusts of wind, as one might expect from a state in the Pacific Northwest. Oregon has a relatively high level of humidity throughout the year as well, though the climate is primarily subarctic near the coast.
Sand Island in Clatsop County is Oregon’s northernmost point. Located at coordinates 46°17′30.19″ N and 124°1′30.03″ W, Sand Island is in Saint Helens, Oregon. The easternmost point is along the Snake River on the border between Oregon and Idaho. The most extreme point in the south is the border separating Oregon from Nevada and California. To the west, Cape Blanco in Curry County is the furthest point. The GPS coordinates of Cape Blanco are 45°36′41.33″ N and 116°27′49.54″W.