Reno is a city located in Washoe County Nevada. Reno has a 2023 population of 278,577. It is also the county seat of Washoe County.Reno is currently growing at a rate of 1.79% annually and its population has increased by 5.48% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 264,116 in 2020.
The average household income in Reno is $93,306 with a poverty rate of 12.57%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Reno is 36.4 years, 36 years for males, and 36.8 years for females.
Reno is a city in the state of Nevada, which is commonly known for its casinos. Located in the northwestern part of Nevada, it is the county seat of Washoe County and the most populous city in Nevada outside of the Las Vegas metropolitan area. Reno is located in the high desert valley at the foot of the Sierra Nevada about 26 miles north of the capital, Carson City, and 22 miles northeast of Lake Tahoe and it is known as "the Biggest Little City in the World."
The Reno-Sparks metropolitan area, or Truckee Meadows, has a population of more than 500,000 people. The city proper has a population density of 2,186 people per square mile or 844 people per square kilometer.
Between 2011 and 2012, Reno's population grew more than 1% as many people moved to the county from other parts of the United States. There may not be enough jobs to sustain the population growth, however, according to The Nevada State Demographer, Washoe County had more significant growth in the last decade, with year-to-year growth of over 10,000 three different times.
As the population of Washoe County and Nevada grow, the demographics are shifting. The non-Hispanic white population has dropped in every county between 2010 and 2014 except for three counties. In Washoe County, the non-Hispanic white population grew very slightly, with the Latino population growing 5%.
Reno was first inhabited by the prehistoric Martis people. Pioneers began settling in the area in the 1850s, many of whom lived off subsistence farming and business from travelers on the California Trail. Gold was discovered nearby in 1850 which started a small mining community, but it was the discovery of silver in 1859 that started a mining rush.
To connect nearby Virginia City with the California Trail and to earn a coin or two, a man named Charles Fuller constructed a toll bridge across the Truckee River that same year. It was renamed Lake's Crossing once it was sold to Myron Lake and it became the largest town in the county by 1864. Reno was established in 1868 after the First Transcontinental Railroad was completed and named after Major General Jesse Reno, a Union officer killed in the Civil War.
The economy grew as the Virginia and Truckee Railroad was extended. When the mining boom started to wane at the start of the 20th century, the business and economics of the state shifted to Reno and Las Vegas while mining communities became ghost towns.
According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Reno was:
Two or more races
Black or African American
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
Average Family Size
Average Household Size
Rate of Home Ownership
Less Than 9th Grade
9th to 12th Grade
High School Graduate
High School Graduation Rate
The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 84.19%.
The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 42.6%.
Other Indo-European Languages
Asian and Pacific Island Languages
76.29% of Reno residents speak only English, while 23.71% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 15.22% of the population.
Overall Poverty Rate
Male Poverty Rate
Female Poverty Rate
The race most likely to be in poverty in Reno is Black, with 29.97% below the poverty level.
The race least likely to be in poverty in Reno is Asian, with 8.87% below the poverty level.
The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.1%. Among those working part-time, it was 17.23%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 24.68%.
Overall Marriage Rate
Male Marriage Rate
Female Marriage Rate
The age group where males are most likely to be married is 45-54, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.
Second Gulf War
First Gulf War
World War II
Less Than 9th Grade
High School Graduate
Bachelors or Greater
Veteran Poverty Rate
Veteran Disability Rate
Labor Force Participation
Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.
Born in Reno
81.62% of Reno residents were born in the United States, with 30.54% having been born in Nevada. 7.67% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.