Bangalore Population 2021

12,764,935
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Bangalore's 2021 population is now estimated at 12,764,935. In 1950, the population of Bangalore was 745,999. Bangalore has grown by 438,403 since 2015, which represents a 3.56% annual change. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects. These estimates represent the Urban agglomeration of Bangalore, which typically includes Bangalore's population in addition to adjacent suburban areas.

Bangalore, officially the Bengaluru, is the capital of the Indian state Karnataka. Bangalore is located in the southeastern region on the state on the Deccan Plateau, and it is the third most populous city and the 5th most populous urban area. Also known as the Silicon Valley of India, Bangalore has an estimated 2014 population of 11,440,000 in the metro area.

Bangalore has an estimated population of 12.34 million in its urban area in 2017, up from 8.5 million in 2011. It is now the 24th most populous city in the world and the fastest-growing Indian metropolis behind New Delhi, growing a whopping 38% from 1991 to 2001. The city claims an area of 709 square kilometers, and with a population density marked in 2011 of over 4 thousand per square kilometer - one can assume it has become denser. We expect the 2021 census to provide updated information.

Bangalore Demographics

In 1991, the most common languages spoken in Bangalore were:

  • Kannada (38%)
  • Tamil (28%)
  • Telugu (17%)
  • Urdu (13%)
  • Malayalam (3%)
  • Hindi (2.5%)

Communities with a long history in the region include the Tamilians, Kannadigas, and Telugus. By the 1500s, Bangalore had speakers of all three languages. The Tamil-speaking people originally migrated to the area in three waves: in the 10th century after Bangalore was captured by Cholas of Tamil Nadu; during the Vijayanagara period; and in the 1700s during a time of need for a militia. Telugu-speaking people migrated to the city by invitation of Mysore royalty.

At one time, the city had a substantial Anglo-Indian population, which was the second-largest behind Calcutta, but this population has since fallen to just 10,000.

About 79% of the population is Hindu, which is in line with the Indian national average. Muslims account for 13% of the population, followed by Christians (6%) and Jains (1%).

About 10% of residents in Bangalore live in slums, although this number is low compared to other major cities in developing countries, such as Nairobi (60%) or Mumbai (50%). Bangalore is dealing with many problems that come from proliferating in a developing country, including social inequality, an increasing number of slums, public health crises from sewage issues and water shortages, and mass displacement. Much of the population growth in Bangalore is due to migration from other states, which has increased tension between locals and immigrants.

Bangalore also has a very skewed female-male gender ratio: 908 women for every 1,000 men. It also has the lowest work participation rate among women, with just 24% of women working.

Bangalore History

The area of Bangalore has been settled since at least 4,000 BCE, with burial grounds found on the outskirts of the city that date to the Iron Age. The region was a part of many South Indian kingdoms in its early history. Between the 4th and 10th centuries, it was ruled by the Western Ganga Dynasty of Karnataka, which was the first to take control of the area. Twenty-eight kings ruled from the beginning of the Christian era until it was conquered by the Cholas, who defeated the Western Gangas and captured the city of Bangalore. In 1117, the Cholas were defeated by Hoysala king Vishnuvardhana, who took control of the area and expelled the Cholas.

Modern Bangalore began in 1537 when a mud-brick fort was built by the Vijayanagara Empire ruler Kempe Gowda I. The town was divided into smaller divisions within this fort. Gowda I's successor later built towers to mark the boundary of Bangalore. When the Vijayanagara Empire fell in 1565, the town changed hands many times. The city became split in the 19th century between Kannadigas residents and Tamils. The city grew rapidly between 1940 and 1960, becoming the 6th largest city in the country in 1961 with a population of 1.2 million.

Bangalore Population Growth

The population density of Bangalore has increased 47% in just ten years thanks to growing opportunities and growth that are bringing people from across the country. In 2011, there were 4,378 people per square kilometer, up from 2,985 ten years before.

Bangalore is now growing faster than ever, crossing the 10-million mark in 2013. The urban region has grown three times faster than the state as a whole, and it is now home to 16% of the state's population.

Bangalore Population 2021

Year Population Growth Rate (%) Growth
203518,065,5402.10%372,054
203417,693,4862.14%370,230
203317,323,2562.17%367,984
203216,955,2722.20%365,332
203116,589,9402.24%363,114
203016,226,8262.28%361,644
202915,865,1822.33%361,625
202815,503,5572.40%363,554
202715,140,0032.49%368,345
202614,771,6582.61%376,215
202514,395,4432.76%387,181
202414,008,2622.94%400,462
202313,607,8003.14%414,765
202213,193,0353.35%428,100
202112,764,9353.56%438,403
202012,326,5323.74%443,866
201911,882,6663.87%442,636
201811,440,0304.10%450,490
201710,989,5404.10%432,751
201610,556,7894.10%415,709
201510,141,0804.10%399,340
20149,741,7404.10%383,614
20139,358,1264.10%368,508
20128,989,6184.10%353,997
20118,635,6214.10%340,057
20108,295,5644.10%326,666
20097,968,8984.09%313,380
20087,655,5184.11%301,869
20077,353,6494.10%289,575
20067,064,0744.10%278,173
20056,785,9014.09%266,857
20046,519,0444.11%257,057
20036,261,9874.10%246,587
20026,015,4004.10%236,877
20015,778,5233.53%197,260
20005,581,2633.26%176,376
19995,404,8873.26%170,570
19985,234,3173.26%165,188
19975,069,1293.25%159,758
19964,909,3713.26%155,143
19954,754,2283.26%150,037
19944,604,1913.26%145,301
19934,458,8903.25%140,526
19924,318,3643.26%136,466
19914,181,8983.45%139,300
19904,042,5983.54%138,209
19893,904,3893.53%133,304
19883,771,0853.54%129,101
19873,641,9843.54%124,513
19863,517,4713.54%120,257
19853,397,2143.53%115,987
19843,281,2273.54%112,332
19833,168,8953.54%108,339
19823,060,5563.54%104,635
19812,955,9215.10%143,493
19802,812,4285.92%157,096
19792,655,3325.91%148,123
19782,507,2095.91%139,860
19772,367,3495.90%131,882
19762,235,4675.92%124,868
19752,110,5995.91%117,736
19741,992,8635.91%111,169
19731,881,6945.90%104,826
19721,776,8685.92%99,252
19711,677,6163.89%62,860
19701,614,7563.23%50,557
19691,564,1993.23%48,907
19681,515,2923.24%47,507
19671,467,7853.23%45,955
19661,421,8303.23%44,516
19651,377,3143.23%43,064
19641,334,2503.24%41,831
19631,292,4193.23%40,464
19621,251,9553.23%39,198
19611,212,7574.01%46,779
19601,165,9784.42%49,368
19591,116,6104.42%47,215
19581,069,3954.42%45,219
19571,024,1764.41%43,246
1956980,9304.42%41,534
1955939,3964.42%39,721
1954899,6754.42%38,042
1953861,6334.41%36,384
1952825,2494.42%34,941
1951790,3085.94%44,309
1950745,9990.00%

Bangalore Population Data (Urban Area)

Name Population 2021 Growth
Delhi31,181,3762.94%
Mumbai20,667,6561.26%
Kolkata14,974,0730.84%
Bangalore12,764,9353.56%
Chennai11,235,0182.41%
Hyderabad10,268,6532.64%
Ahmedabad8,253,2262.40%
Surat7,489,7424.25%
Pune6,807,9842.69%
Jaipur4,007,5052.51%
Lucknow3,764,6192.40%
Kozhikode3,742,1985.25%
Malappuram3,608,9286.42%
Thrissur3,212,6044.71%
Kochi3,193,0293.60%
Kanpur3,153,4250.94%
Indore3,113,4453.21%
Nagpur2,940,4871.63%
Coimbatore2,860,4452.65%
Thiruvananthapuram2,690,7034.10%

Urban Areas in India

  1. Indian Institute of Science - Bangalore city profile
  2. Government of India - Press Information Bureau - India stats: million plus cities in India
  3. World Urbanization Prospects - United Nations population estimates and projections of major Urban Agglomerations

Sources