Ghana Population 2020 (Live)

31,153,490

According to current projections, Ghana’s population will continue to grow the rest of the century, reaching 78.71 million people in 2099. This means that Ghana will more than double its current population of 31.07 million people over the next 80 years.

Ghana is currently growing at a rate of 2.15% per year, which has slowly decreased from 2.95% in 1985 but still remains high. The main cause of this growth is Ghana’s high fertility rate of 3.89 births per woman and the country’s efforts to minimize birth mortalities.

Ghana’s population growth is alarming to experts as the country is not equipped to handle the dramatically increased needs for food, water, sanitation, education, and employment that comes with a rapidly growing population. Efforts to slow the population growth are rooted in family planning, which would reduce the number of births or help families properly space out births.

The current population of Ghana is 31,153,490, based on projections of the latest United Nations data. The UN estimates the July 1, 2020 population at 31,072,940.

Ghana Growth Rate

Ghana Population 2020 (Live)

Name Population
Accra1,963,264
Kumasi1,468,609
Tamale360,579
Takoradi232,919
Atsiaman202,932
Tema155,782
Teshi Old Town144,013
Cape Coast143,015
Sekondi-Takoradi138,872
Obuase137,856

Ghana Area and Population Density

Ghana's land mass is almost the same as the United Kingdom's (92,099 square miles/238,535 square kilometers), giving the country an overall population density of 313 people per square mile, or 121 people per square kilometer.

Largest Cities in Ghana

The capital and largest city of Ghana is Accra, which has an urban population of 2.27 million. The Greater Accra Metropolitan Area (GAMA) has about 4 million inhabitants, which makes it the 11th largest metro area in Africa. The second largest city is Kumasi with 1,468,609 total inhabitants. Tamale comes in third, with the city population dropping down to 360,579.

Ghana Population Density Map

Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
202031,072,9402.15%136.564788
201930,417,8562.19%133.684690
201829,767,1022.22%130.824690
201729,121,4652.25%127.984790
201628,481,9452.27%125.174791
201527,849,2052.36%122.394793
201024,779,6192.58%108.9047100
200521,814,6422.50%95.8749106
200019,278,8562.53%84.7350109
199517,014,0572.86%74.7752118
199014,773,2772.94%64.9353119
198512,783,6132.95%56.1853122
198011,056,1162.06%48.5955122
19759,985,9462.71%43.8957122
19708,735,4952.45%38.3959124
19657,739,4733.13%34.0165125
19606,635,2302.97%29.1666124
19555,730,5942.62%25.1866128
19505,036,1460.00%22.1366129

Ghana Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
202031,072,9402.15%136.564788
202534,408,7682.06%151.224685
203037,833,4191.92%166.274380
203541,331,5511.78%181.654279
204044,882,7141.66%197.254076
204548,460,5531.55%212.984076
205052,016,1251.43%228.603972
205555,500,1951.31%243.913969
206058,879,9861.19%258.773863
206562,131,6091.08%273.063659
207065,220,0160.97%286.633656
207568,143,8610.88%299.483556
208070,846,2450.78%311.363453
208573,303,9830.68%322.163452
209075,480,4630.59%331.723449
209577,387,3660.50%340.103448

Ghana Population by Year (Projections)

Ghana Population Pyramid 2020

Ghana Median Age

21.1


Total

20.6


Male

21.6


Female

Ghana Population by Age

There are 17,168,639 adults in Ghana.

Ghana Population Pyramid

Ghana, officially called the Republic of Ghana, is an independent state. It is situated on the Atlantic Ocean towards the west side of Africa. Ghana consists of ten defensive regions, including many islands. Its western border is delineated by the Ivory Coast, while to its north lies Burkina Faso. East of Ghana lies Togo, while the south is bordered by the Atlantic and the Gulf of Guinea. The literal meaning of the word Ghana is Warrior King. Geographically speaking, Ghana is the country which is closer than any other country to the center of our planet Earth.

Ghana Demographics

More than 98% of Ghanans are Black Africans, although the country is very multiethnic. The Ashanti people are the largest ethnic group in Ghana. Until the 10th century BC, most of Ghana was uninhabited by humans. By the 10th century AD, the Ashantis had established a settlement in the area and were later joined by others in the 16th century.

Out of the 26,652,767 people in Ghana, around 50.9% is the male population, while the female population is around 49.1%. With a population growth rate of 2.2%, the total number of births this year (2014) will be approximately 586,361. The population growth rate is fairly high in Ghana.

Most people in Ghana are citizens of Ashanti territories or Ashantiland: 4.7 million in Ashanti, 2.3 million in Brong-Ahafo, 2.2 million living in Central, 2.6 million in Eastern, 2.3 million living in Western, and 4 million in Greater Accra.

Major ethnic groups in Ghana include: Akan (47.5%), Dagbani (17%), Ewe (14%), Ga-Adangbe (7%), Gurma (6%), Guan (4%), Gurunsi (2.5%), and Bissa (1%).

Common languages in Ghana include: Asante 16%, Ewe 14%, Fante 11.6%, Boron (Brong) 4.9%, Dagomba 4.4%, Dangme 4.2%, Dagarte (Dagaba) 3.9%, Kokomba 3.5%, Akyem 3.2%, Ga 3.1%, and other at 31.2%. The English language does function as an official language here as well.

There are about 375,000 registered legal permanent residents in Ghana as well as foreign workers and students.

Ghana Religion, Economy and Politics

In terms of religions among the population of Ghana, 71% of Ghanans are Christian and 17% are Muslim, but the country is accepting of any and all faiths.

Savannas filled with flora and fauna dominate Ghana's northern regions, while rich industrial minerals and fuels are a feature of western Ghana. Its fossil fuel wealth is particularly rich in natural gas and petroleum. The southern regions of Ghana are mostly filled with grasslands and shrublands, along with forests. The forests extend from the southwest Ghana coast to the north until they meet the Gulf of Guinea in the Atlantic Ocean. These forests extend to the east for 270 km. South Ghana has become an important location for extracting industrial minerals.

Ghana's climate can be described overall as tropical. Ghana's seasons can be divided into two different categories. The cold or the wet season and the hot or the dry season. The rainy season begins in the north part of Ghana in around March and prevails until the end of the month of November. The southern part of Ghana experiences the wet season from the start of the month of April until the middle of the month of November. For Ghana's latitude, its tropical climate can be considered fairly mild. From the month of December through the month of March, dry wind blows in northeastern Ghana, which pretty much lessens the humidity in the climate, as well as making the days hot and the nights cool in the northern part of Ghana. From about 21C to 28C (70 to 82F) is the average range of temperatures that dominate the weather of Ghana, while the humidity levels vary from about 77 to 78 percent.

The cuisine of Ghana has a very huge variety of foods which are mainly based on different types of stews and soups and include many different types of seafoods. Vegetables, poultry, meat or fish are some major ingredients of Ghanaian soups. Dishes like smoked fish, whitebait (essentially juvenile fish), and crayfish are major dishes. Fish is the most dominant and important part of Ghanaian cuisine.

One of the very popular and main dishes of Ghana is called banku. It is a starchy dish that is made from maize and staples that are based on cornmeal. The dish is usually served and eaten either with grilled tilapia or with fried fish. This dish is also often accompanied by an extremely spicy sauce that is prepared from fresh raw chilies.

Ghana Population History

Ghana was formed by the British Colony of Gold Coast in 1957 and has been a democracy since 1992. They have experienced an ongoing border dispute with Cote d'Ivoire over their vast supply of offshore oil, gold, cocoa, and diamonds.

About Ghana