Italy Population 2020 (Live)

60,457,484

Based on current projections, Italy has already seen its population’s peak of 60.67 million people in 2017. Italy has begun a population decline that is expected to shrink the population to 40.18 million by the end of the century.

Italy has a death rate that exceeds its birth rate and negative net migration. Italy’s birth rate is the lowest it has ever been since the unification of Italy and many young people are leaving the country to find job opportunities in other countries. Italy’s birth rate is 1.32 births per woman.

Italy’s population is currently decreasing at a rate of 0.15%, making it the fastest shrinking country in the world.

Italian Population Growth

The most recent Census was taken in 2011, and showed the population at 59,433,744. This figure is pretty close to the UN estimates, but there are disparities when it comes to population projections. The census projects continued growth for several decades, whereas the UN estimates that Italy will decline from 2016 on.

Italy Population Projections

Italy's population is expected to decline throughout the 21st century with a death rate now greatly exceeding the birth rate. Latest indicators show 1,673 deaths per day, compared to just 1,353 births per day. Despite a positive net migration of 289 per day, the overall trend is now negative. Currently, Italy's foreign residents are outpacing the country's population growth with a foreign population that grew by 7.4% in 2012, compared to a population growth of just 0.5%.

Italy is a rapidly aging country, and in 2014 a full 22% of its population was 65 or older, with just 13.5% under the age of 15.

The current population of Italy is 60,457,484, based on projections of the latest United Nations data. The UN estimates the July 1, 2020 population at 60,461,826.

Italy Growth Rate

Italy Population 2020 (Live)

Name Population
Rome2,318,895
Milan1,236,837
Naples959,470
Turin870,456
Palermo648,260
Genoa580,223
Bologna366,133
Florence349,296
Catania290,927
Bari277,387

Italy Area and Population Density

Italy's population density is very uneven and the Po Valley is the most densely populated with almost half of the country's population. Other densely packed areas include the metropolitan areas of Naples and Rome. The Basilicata plateaus, the Alps and Apennines highlands, and the island of Sardinia have a very sparse population. The total surface area comes to 301,340 square kilometers within the boundaries, including 7,600 kilometers of coastline. In combination with the total population, the density comes to approximately 197 people per square kilometer overall.

Largest Cities in Italy

The three largest cities in Italy include Rome (2.8 million), Milan (1.3 million) and Naples (1 million), although Naples has experienced a population drop below 1 million in the last decade. Rome is Italy's capital and home to 2.8 million people in 1,285 square kilometers (496 square miles), which makes it the 4th most populous city in the European Union within city limits. Its urban area is home to up to 3.8 million, and the Rome metropolitan area has a population of 4.2 million.

Rome has a rich history that spans over 2,500 years since it was founded in 753 BC. It's one of the oldest continuously occupied cities on the continent and is often referred to as "the Eternal City."

Milan, the fashion capital of the world, was first settled by Celts circa 400 BC, although it was eventually conquered by the Romans and became the capital of the Western Roman Empire. The city proper is home to 1.3 million people, but the urban area has a population of 5.2 million and is the 5th largest in the EU and the largest in the country. The Milan metropolitan region has a population of 8 million.

Italy Population Density Map

Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
202060,461,826-0.15%205.552370
201960,550,075-0.13%205.852370
201860,627,291-0.08%206.122370
201760,673,7010.02%206.272369
201660,663,0600.14%206.242368
201560,578,4940.42%205.952368
201059,325,2290.36%201.692359
200558,281,2120.55%198.142259
200056,692,178-0.17%192.742256
199557,174,4080.04%194.382155
199057,048,2360.04%193.951655
198556,936,7740.21%193.571449
198056,349,3490.39%191.571345
197555,265,2840.64%187.891440
197053,518,9690.70%181.951339
196551,677,2570.78%175.691137
196049,699,9510.56%168.971034
195548,335,5780.73%164.331031
195046,598,6010.00%158.421029

Italy Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
202060,461,826-0.15%205.552370
202559,876,551-0.19%203.562674
203059,031,475-0.28%200.692774
203558,135,633-0.30%197.652976
204057,160,361-0.34%194.333178
204555,938,765-0.43%190.183581
205054,381,673-0.56%184.883782
205552,553,007-0.68%178.674187
206050,556,888-0.77%171.884493
206548,578,016-0.80%165.154694
207046,814,709-0.74%159.165097
207545,334,851-0.64%154.1351101
208044,093,710-0.55%149.9152103
208542,987,889-0.51%146.1554106
209041,947,135-0.49%142.6156109
209540,944,261-0.48%139.2057109

Italy Population by Year (Projections)

Italy Population Pyramid 2020

Italy Population by Age

There are 50,857,748 adults in Italy.

Italy Population Pyramid

The official Census figures are more optimistic, estimating the population at 61,838,227 in 2016. Italy, officially the Italian Republic, is located in Southern Europe and bordered by France, Slovenia, Austria and Switzerland along the Alps. This famously boot-shaped country is the 4th most populous country in Europe (after France, the United Kingdom, and Germany).

Italy Demographics

There are also close to 1 million Romanian citizens officially registered in Italy, followed by Moroccans and Albanians with a population of half a million each.

The largest ethnic group in Italy is the Native Italian, comprising 96% of the population.

The official language is Italian, while there are a variety of areas that use primarily German, French, and Slovene.

The median age of Italy is currently at 45.5 years of age, with a total life expectancy of 82 years.

Italy Religion, Economy and Politics

Unsurprisingly, the dominant religion in Italy is Roman Catholicism, with the Vatican City in the heart of Rome. People identifying as some form of Christian make up in excess of 80% of the population. Islam is the second most practiced religion in Italy, although the numbers don't come close to Christianity.

Italy's economy is largely industrial, although this means something different in the north versus the south. Northern Italy contains mostly private companies, whereas the south is more agricultural and welfare dependent. There is also a substantial underground economy in Italy which is estimated to account for as much as 15% of their GDP.

After the country abolished its monarchy in 1946, it became a democratic republic and has remained as such ever since.

Italy Population History

Italy experienced mass emigration from the end of the 19th century through the 1960s with nearly 750,000 Italians emigrating per year from 1898 to 1914. It's thought that this is the largest mass migration in contemporary times and led to a diaspora of 25 million Italians. Today, over 5 million Italian-born people live abroad.

By the late 1970s, however, Italy began to attract a great deal of foreign immigrants. It's estimated there are over 5 million foreign residents in Italy today, which accounts for 7.5% of the total population. This includes about 500,000 children born in Italy to foreign nationals.

Official figures for Italy's population exclude illegal immigrants, as their numbers are hard to determine. Estimates place their numbers at 670,000 today, many of which are from Eastern Europe and North Africa. The number of illegal immigrants entering the company has increased by 43% in 2016, according to best estimates.

About Italy