According to current projections, the population of Kenya will surpass 100 million people by the end of 2058 and will reach 125 million by the end of the century. Kenya’s annual population growth rate is 2.28% per year. The population growth rate was as high as 3.94% in 1981 and 1982 but has since decreased.
The total fertility rate in Kenya has also decreased over the years. In 1977, the fertility rate was 8.1 births per woman. The current fertility rate is 3.416 births per woman, contributing to the lower population growth rate.
Although the fertility rate is less than half of what it was decades ago, Kenya still sees rapid population growth. This is because there are many more families in Kenya today because of high fertility rates in the past, so women are having fewer children but there are more families having kids. Additionally, Kenyan life expectancy is increasing.
Kenya Population Growth
Over the past 20 years, Kenya's population has doubled. Although Kenya has sustained population growth, but it has both high birth and infant mortality rates. This is consistent with Africa as a whole. There has been a marked improvement in life expectancy, particularly in recent years. In 2006, the average level stood at 48.9 years. This figure rose, however, to around 59 years in 2016. This has increased to 64 years of age in 2018. The current median age is only 19.7 years of age in Kenya.
Kenya Population Projections
Although Kenya's extreme growth is expected to slow in the coming years, it will still be significant. The current rate of change of 2.52% annually is predicted to drop to 2.20% by 2030. During this time, however, the population should grow from 53,491,697 in 2020 to 66,959,993 in 2030.