EEA Countries

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Population

The EEA, or the European Economic Area, combines the member countries of the European Union (EU) and the European Free Trade Association (EFTA). The EEA Agreement, established in 1992, is an international agreement that enables the extensions of the European Union’s single market to non-EU members.

The EEA Agreement was signed on May 2, 1992. Twenty of the thirty current members signed on that day. The remaining ten countries signed between 1992 and 2014. Countries were not ratified at the time they signed.

The EEA is currently comprised of 27 EU countries and the three EFTA countries of Iceland, Liechtenstein, and Norway. Switzerland, which was neither an EU nor an EFTA member, was a previous member of the EEA but no longer participates. Croatia has now applied to participate in the EEA under a provisional membership as Switzerland had.

According to the EEA Agreement, any state that is a part of the European Union or the European Free Trade Association can be a member of the EEA. Additionally, two regulators, the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association Surveillance Authority, and two courts, the Court of Justice of the European Union and the Court of Justice of the European Free Trade Association States, govern the EEA.

Citizens of each member country are positively affected by the EEA beyond trade. The EEA Agreement includes liberties on product, person, service and money movement between countries. This includes allowing citizens of any member country to travel freely to other member countries. Those who relocate to another member country still retain their citizenship in their home country. EEA regulations govern the coordination between countries to maintain each country’s governments and economies, which is fundamental to allow people to move freely.

EEA Countries

Rank Country 2021 Population
1Germany83,900,473
2United Kingdom68,207,116
3France65,426,179
4Italy60,367,477
5Spain46,745,216
6Poland37,797,005
7Romania19,127,774
8Netherlands17,173,099
9Belgium11,632,326
10Czech Republic10,724,555
11Greece10,370,744
12Portugal10,167,925
13Sweden10,160,169
14Hungary9,634,164
15Austria9,043,070
16Bulgaria6,896,663
17Denmark5,813,298
18Finland5,548,360
19Norway5,465,630
20Slovakia5,460,721
21Ireland4,982,907
22Lithuania2,689,862
23Slovenia2,078,724
24Latvia1,866,942
25Estonia1,325,185
26Cyprus1,215,584
27Luxembourg634,814
28Malta442,784
29Iceland343,353
30Liechtenstein38,250

EEA Countries