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2020 Production

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Fig Production by Country 2024

Believe it or not, figs are not fruits--they're technically classified as syconiums. A syconium is a small group of inverted flowers that produce small seeds. These seeds grow inside of a pod, and make up the edible part of the fig plant.

Many areas of the world produce figs. In 2021, Turkey produced the most figs in the world, followed closely by Egypt. Morocco, Algeria, and Iran also produced more figs than most other nations. Figs grow best in warm, dry climates. The Mediterranean region offers favorable conditions for the growth of figs, as does the Southern region of California in the U.S.

While figs are well-known in many areas due to their inclusion in a popular supermarket cookie, they're valuable additions to a variety of recipes. Figs have been popular for millennia--from the Bible to their mentions in Ancient Greek mythology, people have been loving these sweet treats for longer than most of us can imagine.

In many world religions, figs hold significance. Buddhists believe that fig trees are related to enlightenment, and figs also hold religious symbolism in Christianity, Judaism, Islam, and Hinduism. In many cultures, figs are regarded as a symbol of peace and happiness, and are given as gifts.

While figs are now found in many areas around the world, it's believed that the sweet reacts originated in Western Asia. Human migration brought figs to the rest of the world, as early travelers recognized that fig trees were simple to domesticate and provided valuable energy necessary for long journeys.

While many people today enjoy eating fresh figs, figs can also be eaten dried, canned, or frozen. Figs do not continue to ripen after they're picked, and they only last about a week, so using preservation methods is an important part of enjoying figs.

Notes:
- A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official, estimated or calculated data
- Fc = Calculated data
- Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology

Download Table Data

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Country
2020 Production (tons)
2021 Production (tons)
Footnotes
Turkey320,000320,000
Egypt201,212298,498
Im
Morocco144,246144,153
Algeria116,143107,266
Iran107,79189,900
Im
Spain59,90060,190
Syria46,50240,996
United States27,08426,494
Im
Albania21,88924,095
Greece19,8407,780
Brazil19,60122,071
Tunisia19,60020,000
Afghanistan15,99412,981
India14,64614,696
Im
China13,70613,726
Im
Japan12,72712,328
Im
Azerbaijan12,26612,620
Italy12,18012,760
Mexico12,01011,896
Libya10,42010,304
Im
Iraq9,3229,681
Yemen5,4605,584
Im
Portugal4,4105,000
Montenegro3,8693,825
Im
France3,3406,440
Palestine3,3354,242
Im
Lebanon3,3273,181
Im
Uzbekistan3,20332,200
Im
Peru3,0392,864
Colombia2,4972,758
Im
Israel2,3812,356
South Africa1,9321,980
Armenia1,7131,606
Cyprus1,6701,810
Tajikistan1,2211,222
Im
Bosnia and Herzegovina1,005939
United Arab Emirates9271,331
Im
North Macedonia879894
Argentina868868
Im
Croatia790770
Bolivia652647
Jordan620591
Im
Pakistan218187
Im
Chile121145
Im
Cameroon9292
Im
Slovenia9050
Australia7372
Im
Malta5040
Bulgaria4080
Ecuador3636
Im
Qatar69
Germany
Poland
Romania
Netherlands
Belgium
Sweden
Czech Republic
Hungary
Austria
Denmark
Slovakia
Finland
Ireland
Lithuania
Latvia
Estonia
Luxembourg
showing: 68 rows

Which country produces the most figs?

Turkey is the world's leading global fig producer. The country harvests an estimated 305,450 metric tonnes annually.

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