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2021 Production (tons)

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Fig Production by Country 2024

Believe it or not, figs are not fruits--they're technically classified as syconiums. A syconium is a small group of inverted flowers that produce small seeds. These seeds grow inside of a pod, and make up the edible part of the fig plant.

Many areas of the world produce figs. In 2021, Turkey produced the most figs in the world, followed closely by Egypt. Morocco, Algeria, and Iran also produced more figs than most other nations. Figs grow best in warm, dry climates. The Mediterranean region offers favorable conditions for the growth of figs, as does the Southern region of California in the U.S.

While figs are well-known in many areas due to their inclusion in a popular supermarket cookie, they're valuable additions to a variety of recipes. Figs have been popular for millennia--from the Bible to their mentions in Ancient Greek mythology, people have been loving these sweet treats for longer than most of us can imagine.

In many world religions, figs hold significance. Buddhists believe that fig trees are related to enlightenment, and figs also hold religious symbolism in Christianity, Judaism, Islam, and Hinduism. In many cultures, figs are regarded as a symbol of peace and happiness, and are given as gifts.

While figs are now found in many areas around the world, it's believed that the sweet reacts originated in Western Asia. Human migration brought figs to the rest of the world, as early travelers recognized that fig trees were simple to domesticate and provided valuable energy necessary for long journeys.

While many people today enjoy eating fresh figs, figs can also be eaten dried, canned, or frozen. Figs do not continue to ripen after they're picked, and they only last about a week, so using preservation methods is an important part of enjoying figs.

  • A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official, estimated or calculated data
  • Fc = Calculated data
  • Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology

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Country
2021 Production (tons)
2020 Production (tons)
Footnotes
Turkey320,000320,000
Egypt298,498201,212
Im
Morocco144,153144,246
Algeria107,266116,143
Iran89,900107,791
Im
Spain60,19059,900
Syria40,99646,502
United States26,49427,084
Im
Albania24,09521,889
Greece7,78019,840
Brazil22,07119,601
Tunisia20,00019,600
Afghanistan12,98115,994
India14,69614,646
Im
China13,72613,706
Im
Japan12,32812,727
Im
Azerbaijan12,62012,266
Italy12,76012,180
Mexico11,89612,010
Libya10,30410,420
Im
Iraq9,6819,322
Yemen5,5845,460
Im
Portugal5,0004,410
Montenegro3,8253,869
Im
France6,4403,340
Palestine4,2423,335
Im
Lebanon3,1813,327
Im
Uzbekistan32,2003,203
Im
Peru2,8643,039
Colombia2,7582,497
Im
Israel2,3562,381
South Africa1,9801,932
Armenia1,6061,713
Cyprus1,8101,670
Tajikistan1,2221,221
Im
Bosnia and Herzegovina9391,005
United Arab Emirates1,331927
Im
North Macedonia894879
Argentina868868
Im
Croatia770790
Bolivia647652
Jordan591620
Im
Pakistan187218
Im
Chile145121
Im
Cameroon9292
Im
Slovenia5090
Australia7273
Im
Malta4050
Bulgaria8040
Ecuador3636
Im
Qatar96
showing: 51 rows

Which country produces the most figs?

Turkey is the world's leading global fig producer. The country harvests an estimated 305,450 metric tonnes annually.

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