Hardest Countries To Immigrate To 2021

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Immigration and U.S. citizenship have been hot topics in the news since the 2016 presidential election. Becoming a citizen of the United States is a lengthy process. Becoming a U.S. citizen, also called naturalization, requires that the person meets specific criteria, completes an application, attend an interview, and pass an English and civics test.

While some think that the United States is the most challenging country to gain citizenship in, other countries are just as challenging, if not more difficult.

While some countries have open immigration controls, many countries have closed borders to limit and restrict who enters the country and gains citizenship. In some countries, becoming a citizen is as easy as living there for a few years. Having an ancestor or relative who was a citizen can help determine one's eligibility in other countries. In countries where it is more difficult to become a citizen, you often need to be of a specific religion to be granted citizenship.

Vatican City

Vatican City is the smallest sovereign state in the world. The population is made up of about 800 residents and 450 citizens. According to the U.S. Library of Congress, you can become a citizen if you are a cardinal living in Rome or Vatican City or a diplomat of the Holy See. Those living in Vatican City who are officials or workers of the Catholic Church are eligible for citizenship.

Liechtenstein

For a foreign-born resident to become a citizen of Liechtenstein, they need to live there for at least 30 years. If you are under 20 years old, each year counts as two years, and if you are married to a citizen, the period is shortened to five years. Additionally, community residents of one's municipality can vote to become citizens after 10 years of residence. Once an individual is eligible for citizenship, the Civil Registry Office of Liechtenstein requires them to renounce another country's previous citizenship.

Qatar

Qatar only naturalizes about 50 foreign-born people per year and grants permanent residency to about 100 expatriates every year. Naturalized citizens are not classified under the law the same way as Qatar's citizens.

In Qatar, if a person's father is not a citizen, then neither is that individual. A mother's nationality does not automatically qualify someone for citizenship.

Those looking to apply for citizenship must be a legal resident of Qatar for at least 25 years without leaving the country for more than two consecutive months. Those looking to become permanent residences must have lived in Qatar for at least 20 years and have proven themselves "valuable" with their skills.

United Arab Emirates

According to the UAE's Federal Law, foreign-born residents can apply for citizenship after legally residing in the country for 30 years. However, if an individual is an Arab citizen from Oman, Qatar, or Bahrain, the period is three years.

Kuwait

In Kuwait, a foreign-born individual looking to become a citizen must live in the country for at least 20 years. The period is reduced to 15 years if the person is a citizen of another Arab country or if the wife of a Kuwaiti man is foreign-born and wanted to become a citizen. Additionally, the person must speak Arab fluently and be Muslim either by birth or conversion. Those who have converted must have been practicing for at least five years.

Switzerland

Foreign-born residents in Switzerland who wish to become citizens must live in the country for at least ten years and have a C permit, which allows a person to live and work in Switzerland. A C permit requires five years of continuous residence in Switzerland for E.U. nationals, people from EFTA countries, U.S. citizens, and Canadian citizens. Foreign-born individuals from any other country need to live there for at least 10 years before being eligible for citizenship.

Bhutan

Bhutan regulates and monitors all travel into the country very closely. It's one of the most isolated nations globally, didn't open up its borders to tourism until 1974.

The Bhutan Citizenship Act states that to be born a citizen in the country, both parents need to be Bhutanese. Those with only one Bhutanese parent must apply for naturalization citizenship after 15 years of living in the country.

Foreign-born individuals with no Bhutanese parents and who do not work for the government can apply after 20 years of living in Bhutan. Those working for the government must live in the country for 15 years. There are additional requirements to apply for naturalization, including that the person takes an oath of allegiance to the king, country, and Bhutan people. If a person is caught speaking against the king or country, citizenship can be taken away.

China

The Nationality Law of the People's Republic of China allows foreign-born individuals to become naturalized citizens if they have relatives who are Chinese citizens and have settled in China. Long-term residency is required but is not specified by law. Naturalization is very difficult in China, especially if the person does not have a Chinese relative that lives in China.

Hardest Countries To Immigrate To 2021

Rank Country 2021 Population
China1,444,216,107
India1,393,409,038
United States332,915,073
Indonesia276,361,783
Pakistan225,199,937
Brazil213,993,437
Nigeria211,400,708
Bangladesh166,303,498
Russia145,912,025
Mexico130,262,216
Japan126,050,804
Ethiopia117,876,227
Philippines111,046,913
Egypt104,258,327
Vietnam98,168,833
Dr Congo92,377,993
Turkey85,042,738
Iran85,028,759
Germany83,900,473
Thailand69,950,850
United Kingdom68,207,116
France65,426,179
Tanzania61,498,437
Italy60,367,477
South Africa60,041,994
Kenya54,985,698
Myanmar54,806,012
South Korea51,305,186
Colombia51,265,844
Uganda47,123,531
Spain46,745,216
Argentina45,605,826
Sudan44,909,353
Algeria44,616,624
Ukraine43,466,819
Iraq41,179,350
Afghanistan39,835,428
Canada38,067,903
Poland37,797,005
Morocco37,344,795
Saudi Arabia35,340,683
Uzbekistan33,935,763
Angola33,933,610
Peru33,359,418
Malaysia32,776,194
Mozambique32,163,047
Ghana31,732,129
Yemen30,490,640
Nepal29,674,920
Venezuela28,704,954
Madagascar28,427,328
Cameroon27,224,265
Ivory Coast27,053,629
North Korea25,887,041
Australia25,788,215
Niger25,130,817
Taiwan23,855,010
Sri Lanka21,497,310
Burkina Faso21,497,096
Mali20,855,735
Malawi19,647,684
Chile19,212,361
Romania19,127,774
Kazakhstan18,994,962
Zambia18,920,651
Syria18,275,702
Guatemala18,249,860
Ecuador17,888,475
Senegal17,196,301
Netherlands17,173,099
Cambodia16,946,438
Chad16,914,985
Somalia16,359,504
Zimbabwe15,092,171
Guinea13,497,244
Rwanda13,276,513
Benin12,451,040
Burundi12,255,433
Tunisia11,935,766
Bolivia11,832,940
Belgium11,632,326
Haiti11,541,685
South Sudan11,381,378
Cuba11,317,505
Dominican Republic10,953,703
Czech Republic10,724,555
Greece10,370,744
Jordan10,269,021
Azerbaijan10,223,342
Portugal10,167,925
Sweden10,160,169
Honduras10,062,991
United Arab Emirates9,991,089
Tajikistan9,749,627
Hungary9,634,164
Belarus9,442,862
Papua New Guinea9,119,010
Austria9,043,070
Israel8,789,774
Switzerland8,715,494
Serbia8,697,550
Togo8,478,250
Sierra Leone8,141,343
Hong Kong7,552,810
Laos7,379,358
Paraguay7,219,638
Libya6,958,532
Bulgaria6,896,663
Lebanon6,769,146
Nicaragua6,702,385
Kyrgyzstan6,628,356
El Salvador6,518,499
Turkmenistan6,117,924
Singapore5,896,686
Denmark5,813,298
Republic Of The Congo5,657,013
Finland5,548,360
Norway5,465,630
Slovakia5,460,721
Oman5,223,375
Palestine5,222,748
Liberia5,180,203
Costa Rica5,139,052
Ireland4,982,907
Central African Republic4,919,981
New Zealand4,860,643
Mauritania4,775,119
Panama4,381,579
Kuwait4,328,550
Croatia4,081,651
Moldova4,024,019
Georgia3,979,765
Eritrea3,601,467
Uruguay3,485,151
Mongolia3,329,289
Bosnia And Herzegovina3,263,466
Jamaica2,973,463
Armenia2,968,127
Qatar2,930,528
Albania2,872,933
Puerto Rico2,828,255
Lithuania2,689,862
Namibia2,587,344
Gambia2,486,945
Botswana2,397,241
Gabon2,278,825
Lesotho2,159,079
North Macedonia2,082,658
Slovenia2,078,724
Guinea Bissau2,015,494
Latvia1,866,942
Bahrain1,748,296
Equatorial Guinea1,449,896
Trinidad And Tobago1,403,375
Timor Leste1,343,873
Estonia1,325,185
Mauritius1,273,433
Cyprus1,215,584
Eswatini1,172,362
Djibouti1,002,187
Fiji902,906
Reunion901,686
Comoros888,451
Guyana790,326
Bhutan779,898
Solomon Islands703,996
Macau658,394
Luxembourg634,814
Montenegro628,053
Western Sahara611,875
Suriname591,800
Cape Verde561,898
Maldives543,617
Malta442,784
Brunei441,532
Belize404,914
Guadeloupe400,020
Bahamas396,913
Martinique374,745
Iceland343,353
Vanuatu314,464
French Guiana306,448
New Caledonia288,218
Barbados287,711
French Polynesia282,530
Mayotte279,515
Sao Tome And Principe223,368
Samoa200,149
Saint Lucia184,400
Guam170,179
Curacao164,798
Kiribati121,392
Micronesia116,254
Grenada113,021
Saint Vincent And The Grenadines111,263
Aruba107,204
Tonga106,760
United States Virgin Islands104,226
Seychelles98,908
Antigua And Barbuda98,731
Isle Of Man85,410
Andorra77,355
Dominica72,167
Cayman Islands66,497
Bermuda62,090
Marshall Islands59,610
Northern Mariana Islands57,917
Greenland56,877
American Samoa55,100
Saint Kitts And Nevis53,544
Faroe Islands49,049
Sint Maarten43,412
Monaco39,511
Saint Martin39,234
Turks And Caicos Islands39,231
Liechtenstein38,250
San Marino34,017
Gibraltar33,698
British Virgin Islands30,421
Palau18,169
Cook Islands17,565
Anguilla15,117
Tuvalu11,931
Wallis And Futuna11,094
Nauru10,876
Saint Barthelemy9,907
Saint Pierre And Miquelon5,766
Montserrat4,977
Falkland Islands3,533
Niue1,619
Tokelau1,373
Vatican City800

Hardest Countries To Immigrate To 2021