US Immigration by Country 2022

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Immigration/emigration is the process of moving away from the country of one's birth and/or citizenship in favor of a different country. People immigrate for various reasons. Some immigrants are seeking improved career opportunities. Others wish to reunite with family or other loved ones; or to gain access to better healthcare, education, or quality of life. Still others are refugees seeking to escape conflict. As a settler colonial society, the United States owes much of its population growth and cultural development to immigration. With the exception of those few individuals who are 100% Native American, every American is either an immigrant themselves or directly descended from immigrants.

The United States has the highest immigrant population in the world at 50.6 million (as of mid-2020), which equates to approximately 15.3% of the total U.S. population and 18% of international immigrants worldwide. The number of immigrants in the U.S. today is more than five times the 1960 total of 9.7 million. The U.S. immigrant population is also notably diverse, with the country welcoming new arrivals from more than 200 countries and territories (see table at page bottom) every year. Historically, the U.S. has been considered one of the easiest countries to which to immigrate, but the process has become more difficult over time.

Top 10 Countries of Origin for Immigrants to the U.S. (2020)

  1. Mexico — 100,325
  2. India — 46,363
  3. China — 41,483
  4. Dominican Republic — 30,005
  5. Vietnam — 29,995
  6. Philippines — 25,491
  7. El Salvador — 17,907
  8. Brazil — 16,746
  9. Cuba — 16,367
  10. South Korea — 16,244

In 2020, the United States granted 707,362 people lawful permanent resident status, a significant drop from the usual average of more than a million. The states with the largest immigrant populations are California, New York, Florida, and Texas.

Mexico is the top origin country of the U.S. immigrant population. Tracking U.S. immigration trends across the decade from 2011-2020, the U.S. welcomed a total of nearly 10.3 million immigrants, of which nearly 1.5 million (14.3%) were from Mexico, more than twice that of any other country. This is arguably unsurprising, given the geographical proximity of Mexico to the United States. China (713,527) and India (631,689) occupy the second and third slots (for full data, see the table at page bottom).

LPRs, green cards, and more—a quick U.S. immigration primer

Immigrants who have been granted the right to reside permanently in the United States are referred to as lawful permanent residents (LPRs), more commonly known as green card holders. To become an LPR/green card holder, one must first be admitted to the country as a refugee and have been physically present as an admitted refugee for at least one year. Refugees admitted to the U.S. are required to apply for a green card after one year.

Not all LPRs choose to become U.S. citizens. Those looking to apply for citizenship must meet specific requirements, including having lived in the U.S. for five years. All immigration matters are handled through the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS).

Here are the 10 countries with the most immigrants to the United States:

  1. Mexico (1,480,901)
  2. China (713,527)
  3. India (631,689)
  4. Philippines (496,361)
  5. Dominican Republic (481,183)
  6. Cuba (468,604)
  7. Vietnam (333,900)
  8. El Salvador (214,390)
  9. South Korea (197,791)
  10. Jamaica (196,552)

US Immigration by Country 2022

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US Immigration by Country 2022

Note: Data include persons obtaining lawful permanent resident status from fiscal years 2011-2020, organized by country of birth (as opposed to country of most recent residence). Immigrants entering the United States through unofficial channels are not included. The Netherland Antilles includes the modern-day islands of Aruba, Bonaire, Curaçao, Saba, Sint Eustatius, and Sint Maarten. Source: U.S. Department of Homeland Security.
Country Total 2011-2020 2020 2019 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011
Mexico1,480,901100,325156,052161,858170,581174,534158,619134,052135,028146,406143,446
China713,52741,48362,24865,21471,56581,77274,55876,08971,79881,78487,016
India631,68946,36354,49559,82160,39464,68764,11677,90868,45866,43469,013
Philippines496,36125,49145,92047,25849,14753,28756,47849,99654,44657,32757,011
Dominican Republic481,18330,00549,91157,41358,52061,16150,61044,57741,31141,56646,109
Cuba468,60416,36741,64176,48665,02866,51654,39646,67932,21932,82036,452
Vietnam333,90029,99539,71233,83438,23141,45130,83230,28327,10128,30434,157
El Salvador214,39017,90727,65628,32625,10923,44919,48719,27318,26016,25618,667
South Korea197,79116,24418,47917,67619,19421,80117,13820,42323,16620,84622,824
Jamaica196,55212,82621,68920,34721,90523,35017,64219,02619,40020,70519,662
Haiti190,8809,33817,25321,36021,82423,58416,96715,27420,35122,81822,111
Colombia186,12911,98919,84117,54517,95618,61017,31618,17521,13120,93122,635
Pakistan157,12410,47413,92115,80217,40819,31318,05718,61213,25114,74015,546
Iraq147,5522,2666,51414,35114,20318,90421,10719,1539,55220,36921,133
Bangladesh145,3079,27215,17615,71714,69318,72313,57014,64512,09914,70516,707
Brazil136,85616,74619,82515,39414,98913,81211,42410,42911,03311,44111,763
Nigeria133,76612,39815,88813,95213,53914,38011,54212,82813,84013,57511,824
Ethiopia120,7406,2809,06012,40314,63713,23211,39412,30013,09714,54413,793
Canada118,2619,52611,3889,89811,48412,79312,67311,58613,18112,93212,800
Iran117,9808,8056,64010,11613,79113,29813,11411,61512,86312,91614,822
Guatemala116,7747,81513,45315,63813,19813,00211,77310,23810,22410,34111,092
United Kingdom115,9089,65511,3379,90810,94812,67312,59212,22512,98412,01411,572
Nepal114,2697,84710,20111,95311,61012,85112,92612,35713,04611,31210,166
Venezuela107,91212,13615,72011,76211,80910,7729,1448,4279,5729,3879,183
Peru106,5995,62610,0499,87810,11510,94010,14810,60612,56412,60914,064
Ecuador102,2466,15711,08311,47210,59410,75710,18710,96010,5919,34211,103
Honduras102,0068,27715,90113,79411,38713,3029,2748,1568,8986,8846,133
Egypt97,9706,1649,4799,8269,83412,04512,08511,47710,2948,9887,778
Ukraine93,9509,88611,76211,87910,13510,4227,9877,7528,1937,6428,292
Afghanistan90,84511,40710,13612,93519,53812,5138,32810,5272,1961,6171,648
Russia90,1697,9679,8228,6218,9189,2978,7999,0799,7539,9697,944
Ghana79,9074,6278,5268,3948,4556,9496,1867,11510,26510,5928,798
Thailand69,3374,1775,5515,5566,3117,0397,5026,1977,5839,4599,962
Kenya63,9134,0267,0527,1906,9576,2745,6025,8846,1237,0437,762
DR Congo60,6017,5228,9999,9418,7096,7915,3454,3472,7923,7312,424
Bhutan54,9511,0911,4412,3502,9404,2176,3257,2988,95410,19810,137
Guyana54,8053,0275,3855,1655,4685,7715,5436,2675,8975,6836,599
Poland53,4033,3414,7004,3574,8455,6035,2755,6896,4306,3006,863
Somalia53,1002,0243,7527,5577,4046,9586,7965,1903,7645,2044,451
Germany52,1613,9134,8484,4434,6625,3065,4365,5846,0325,8126,125
Taiwan52,0724,7595,8015,0794,8585,1204,8884,6975,3855,3316,154
Japan51,6543,9054,5034,3174,6355,2075,3955,5455,9256,0616,161
Syria51,0513,1765,96714,6865,8774,8003,8403,5403,3663,0142,785
Yemen46,7785,9083,7171,8856,02913,0403,1943,4923,5322,6203,361
Jordan45,9303,0634,9985,3225,2645,2694,6645,1874,1884,0993,876
Turkey45,7144,3595,7135,5854,8444,4694,2013,8344,1444,1624,403
Albania44,0613,5085,3665,0495,7225,7734,6533,8283,1863,3643,612
France43,9744,0534,7874,2764,7825,1594,6934,2844,4253,8623,653
Cameroon41,8082,8424,3694,2364,6684,8994,3743,9433,9083,8154,754
Uzbekistan40,2981,3472,5504,6124,0954,3593,9775,1944,3824,7265,056
Israel39,3863,6874,3043,7063,8024,1423,9653,8053,9964,1533,826
Argentina38,3562,9703,9253,0803,4824,0913,7303,8744,3724,3594,473
Morocco37,1852,8663,7213,0774,2294,5863,7103,6053,3363,6564,399
Trinidad And Tobago36,3561,7183,1502,7583,1003,4693,2123,9884,7245,2145,023
Liberia35,3071,6743,4953,1014,1553,6193,7953,8743,3344,1094,151
Italy32,9863,1843,8223,3293,6554,0783,5443,2982,9602,6732,443
Nicaragua31,7122,5703,8183,0613,0723,4863,3242,8863,0483,0463,401
Romania31,5901,9942,6162,4482,9533,5543,3763,2463,7733,7483,882
Armenia29,7042,1453,1013,2173,4373,5432,9622,9132,7222,6812,983
South Africa28,4942,7333,1743,0102,9123,0232,9072,6762,6292,7812,649
Sudan28,2141,8672,9493,6583,5153,1593,5802,4421,9452,4712,628
Lebanon28,1102,1202,6052,5812,8182,9712,8133,2452,7832,8793,295
Australia27,9252,5233,2052,6932,9063,2393,0342,8092,7592,4142,343
Spain27,5832,6203,1152,8413,0453,5193,3032,9282,4801,8421,890
Malaysia27,4691,8982,3033,0514,1093,3822,7492,6222,4772,6052,273
Cambodia27,0031,5932,7483,1874,0563,1731,8682,5362,6242,4732,745
Bulgaria23,1431,1181,7591,7982,1842,6702,6882,9812,8442,4402,661
Moldova22,5181,3671,9352,2062,4802,9292,4962,3412,4852,0212,258
Eritrea22,5151,8812,3852,4282,4492,2672,2202,0022,1382,6432,102
Hong Kong21,8031,7832,0212,0752,4152,5102,0852,2782,2262,1042,306
Indonesia21,5391,4281,8991,7561,9142,1292,0842,1392,7312,6032,856
Costa Rica20,8491,6582,3482,1712,1842,2242,0291,9662,1142,0202,135
Belarus19,5851,7232,2631,9511,9192,1271,9942,0151,9701,6591,964
Saudi Arabia18,3621,8542,5142,1002,1352,1171,7441,6961,4631,3431,396
Algeria17,7401,5812,2992,1232,1392,1801,7751,6691,2411,3691,364
Sri Lanka17,7101,4631,6891,5941,6271,9131,7631,7671,8471,9942,053
Uganda17,3231,8022,5602,4121,8981,6491,6641,4091,3501,3401,239
Bolivia16,6669761,5251,5231,5101,5951,6261,7192,0711,9482,173
Chile16,5631,5201,7621,5191,6251,6981,5961,5811,7361,6731,853
Tanzania16,1962,3123,1423,1861,4157887997748371,5161,427
Sierra Leone15,9397131,4431,5272,0581,5351,5991,7401,6511,6881,985
Ireland15,5941,4661,7601,4011,4851,7591,6071,6051,6261,5141,371
Togo15,5441,2761,5461,5341,5721,9381,5471,6121,2571,7561,506
Ivory Coast14,9621,0491,5891,3751,8101,6171,4971,4771,4861,7601,302
Georgia14,6261,1791,6911,6431,6291,6351,4101,2401,3681,3411,490
Guinea14,0618581,5791,2821,3481,5011,3891,3751,5181,6561,555
Senegal13,9839991,6651,4201,4701,5331,2441,2731,3401,6151,424
Kazakhstan13,0051,3071,5331,3781,3771,3101,2011,2211,2411,2021,235
Greece12,0849451,3501,2141,3141,4511,2111,2351,3611,054949
United Arab Emirates11,6031,2511,5861,3791,3141,3701,1931,039910854707
Netherlands11,4319621,2749981,0561,3191,3091,1951,1421,0911,085
Uruguay11,2266991,1099601,0019721,0781,1281,3521,3741,553
Gambia10,8486641,3781,0231,1341,2471,1421,1111,0181,159972
Serbia10,8221,0771,5321,2171,4101,3511,2781,143866704244
Panama10,5116011,0598978891,0291,0521,0951,2341,2811,374
Kuwait10,4887681,2011,0901,1771,1861,0551,0579371,044973
Hungary10,0097611,0709179721,0481,0959961,0521,0541,044
North Macedonia9,9395901,0791,0821,0271,2621,0609608959061,078
Sweden9,9098351,0188899501,1441,0669541,106968979
Rwanda9,9031,0841,5091,6201,3941,357732555540592520
Portugal8,7526799408899391,006857892918811821
Laos8,291486850863685856917806923949956
Zimbabwe8,2366747587498108157797979249141,016
Azerbaijan8,0398141,1691,015881784676672637663728
Fiji8,0264257347308058668758028958531,041
New Zealand8,003607844719798846855796921814803
Singapore7,853807818801818812781779835712690
Belize7,769475806632746851772789946847905
Saint Lucia7,579463726696777777739844853919785
Republic of the Congo7,5603084765806326254965521,0591,4611,371
Bosnia And Herzegovina7,555477637682846971859693697815878
Lithuania7,474475750658645735750747854924936
Kyrgyzstan7,284594881908715847790707652648542
Bahamas6,972614922759725656725654630619668
Mongolia6,844543765636661750644651729691774
Switzerland6,308592595570565743640656697635615
Belgium6,306629714537625691662632675574567
Tajikistan6,2735231,158893652593595516550411382
Burundi6,1631,0997817621,094415351273260535593
Mali5,826389586488544598587604667734629
Grenada5,586307554501544585525633687671579
Burkina Faso5,553465646525541642575583585558433
Libya5,252514511499780642734524376315357
Zambia5,114401511477537487460441505643652
Benin5,069450619573648577466517342415462
Tunisia4,797463510517535518518429445422440
Denmark4,703405416353461521609514506459459
Slovakia4,519343422370388483424460507528594
Austria4,126311437401387432474438415407424
Paraguay4,110256452389391434382391448467500
Saint Vincent And the Grenadines4,078196403333361422415448529503468
Finland3,983317497442439489407350331348363
Latvia3,799224319356359391480384424436426
Barbados3,729226338318373371376384428460455
Croatia3,333241360286375388348297353336349
Dominica3,328287511492510298229345244125287
United States3,227187262306409468370358319279269
Antigua And Barbuda3,192190323325322324290369344337368
Norway3,044248329284290362310271335276339
Montenegro2,962303376299323387251289265265204
Mauritania2,955134230212287317298320354410393
Tonga2,907202256225262283327320348276408
Turkmenistan2,525250330286251235226254210223260
Saint Kitts And Nevis2,487106238250238250222263259311350
Qatar2,190215287236224272229202191141193
Samoa2,129154195179194219207239237238267
Central African Republic1,915148231304178202234155213116134
Malawi1,906197213257228205160172159192123
Estonia1,895126193151176211189220211227191
Djibouti1,831841512812222813701909010656
Angola1,770181226176209198154148143187148
Chad1,658111224251205136175119111155171
Suriname1,616117172182136156134158178187196
Gabon1,50286148112150165146167127197204
Bahrain1,326127183143130138145122115104119
Cyprus1,160105111120117131113129126107101
Czech Republic1,06569515262587474159466
South Sudan1,054117191185160124127745917
Macau1,03264999110910999105106120130
Oman9781181481101041168590737460
Niger975139201931161195571374896
Iceland94581708986971048613910390
Slovenia919761199510811910778628669
Mauritius8746895679611096818377101
Bermuda8456784656899112106888571
Mozambique83960771009610110771739460
Madagascar80184757960887286957983
Namibia769909875130878644575943
Botswana694436172112786158538076
Malta54244475875655839436251
North Korea507282941324755142484936
Cayman Islands50250534767555348444441
Aruba40522524547233840455439
British Virgin Islands40429583725403856453937
Turks And Caicos Islands39533564135393840503033
Guinea Bissau37827512748373930434729
Marshall Islands33412222323323256465038
Luxembourg29520423033342726401924
Curacao25831535634352227
Sint Maarten25221372735424545
Brunei22911232924312125211925
Eswatini21425321819201923152419
Papua New Guinea20819242718231118272120
Equatorial Guinea20327301720182515182013
Anguilla20311142323202220222325
Montserrat191122420121414382730
Lesotho18914221224192313201725
French Polynesia186152510202714243021
Palau11681471314151216107
Micronesia109152119611654139
Monaco9087131411108856
Seychelles8846610161176715
Sao Tome And Principe8541291012656129
Comoros65410844593108
Maldives64484511813533

US Immigration by Country 2022

Sources