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Immigration 2022

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US Immigration by Country 2024

Immigration/emigration is the process of moving away from the country of one's birth and/or citizenship in favor of a different country. People immigrate for various reasons. Some immigrants are seeking improved career opportunities. Others wish to reunite with family or other loved ones; or to gain access to better healthcare, education, or quality of life. Still others are refugees seeking to escape conflict. As a settler colonial society, the United States owes much of its population growth and cultural development to immigration. With the exception of those few individuals who are 100% Native American, every American is either an immigrant themselves or directly descended from immigrants.

The United States has the highest immigrant population in the world at 50.6 million (as of mid-2020), which equates to approximately 15.3% of the total U.S. population and 18% of international immigrants worldwide. The number of immigrants in the U.S. today is more than five times the 1960 total of 9.7 million. The U.S. immigrant population is also notably diverse, with the country welcoming new arrivals from more than 200 countries and territories (see table at page bottom) every year. Historically, the U.S. has been considered one of the easiest countries to which to immigrate, but the process has become more difficult over time.

Top 10 Countries of Origin for Immigrants to the U.S. (2020)

Country
2020
Mexico100,325
India46,363
China41,483
Dominican Republic30,005
Vietnam29,995
Philippines25,491
El Salvador17,907
Brazil16,746
Cuba16,367
South Korea16,244

In 2020, the United States granted 707,362 people lawful permanent resident status, a significant drop from the usual average of more than a million. The states with the largest immigrant populations are California, New York, Florida, and Texas.

Mexico is the top origin country of the U.S. immigrant population. Tracking U.S. immigration trends across the decade from 2011-2020, the U.S. welcomed a total of nearly 10.3 million immigrants, of which nearly 1.5 million (14.3%) were from Mexico, more than twice that of any other country. This is arguably unsurprising, given the geographical proximity of Mexico to the United States. China (713,527) and India (631,689) occupy the second and third slots (for full data, see the table at page bottom).

LPRs, green cards, and more—a quick U.S. immigration primer

Immigrants who have been granted the right to reside permanently in the United States are referred to as lawful permanent residents (LPRs), more commonly known as green card holders. To become an LPR/green card holder, one must first be admitted to the country as a refugee and have been physically present as an admitted refugee for at least one year. Refugees admitted to the U.S. are required to apply for a green card after one year.

Not all LPRs choose to become U.S. citizens. Those looking to apply for citizenship must meet specific requirements, including having lived in the U.S. for five years. All immigration matters are handled through the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS).

Data include persons organized by country of birth (as opposed to country of most recent residence). Immigrants entering the United States through unofficial channels are not included. The Netherlands Antilles includes the modern-day islands of Aruba, Bonaire, Curaçao, Saba, Sint Eustatius, and Sint Maarten. Source: U.S. Department of Homeland Security.

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Country
Immigration 2022
2021
2020
2019
2018
2017
India127,01293,45046,36354,49559,82160,394
China67,95049,84741,48362,24865,21471,565
United States288256187262306409
Indonesia1,7521,5881,4281,8991,7561,914
Pakistan11,7779,69110,47413,92115,80217,408
Nigeria12,38513,10012,39815,88813,95213,539
Brazil24,16918,35116,74619,82515,39414,989
Bangladesh10,8586,4059,27215,17615,71714,693
Russia8,9065,5257,9679,8228,6218,918
Ethiopia5,7203,7066,2809,06012,40314,637
Mexico138,772107,230100,325156,052161,858170,581
Japan4,1843,9603,9054,5034,3174,635
Philippines35,99827,51125,49145,92047,25849,147
Egypt8,3484,3966,1649,4799,8269,834
DR Congo4,6883,9067,5228,9999,9418,709
Vietnam24,42516,31229,99539,71233,83438,231
Iran9,4075,7348,8056,64010,11613,791
Turkey7,0014,4654,3595,7135,5854,844
Germany4,0883,9003,9134,8484,4434,662
Thailand4,6324,0374,1775,5515,5566,311
Tanzania1,6431,4382,3123,1423,1861,415
United Kingdom9,1439,2299,65511,3379,90810,948
France4,3514,1074,0534,7874,2764,782
South Africa3,5352,7162,7333,1743,0102,912
Italy3,4773,0693,1843,8223,3293,655
Kenya5,0143,0884,0267,0527,1906,957
Myanmar2,8792,143
Colombia21,72315,29311,98919,84117,54517,956
South Korea16,17212,35116,24418,47917,67619,194
Uganda1,6201,1461,8022,5602,4121,898
Sudan1,3718711,8672,9493,6583,515
Spain2,8652,6442,6203,1152,8413,045
Iraq2,7971,7262,2666,51414,35114,203
Algeria3,1251,8981,5812,2992,1232,139
Argentina4,1283,2482,9703,9253,0803,482
Afghanistan14,1939,48811,40710,13612,93519,538
Poland3,1922,9703,3414,7004,3574,845
Canada11,3179,9789,52611,3889,89811,484
Morocco4,7563,8192,8663,7213,0774,229
Ukraine11,6217,5789,88611,76211,87910,135
Angola453208181226176209
Saudi Arabia2,7641,7801,8542,5142,1002,135
Uzbekistan4,9799901,3472,5504,6124,095
Yemen5,6484,3455,9083,7171,8856,029
Mozambique6648607710096
Ghana5,4513,9394,6278,5268,3948,455
Peru8,0355,0445,62610,0499,87810,115
Malaysia1,5731,6051,8982,3033,0514,109
Nepal12,0107,3097,84710,20111,95311,610
Madagascar978484757960
Ivory Coast1,5591,2071,0491,5891,3751,810
Venezuela21,02514,41212,13615,72011,76211,809
Cameroon5,8793,5782,8424,3694,2364,668
Niger19918213920193116
Australia2,8592,6822,5233,2052,6932,906
North Korea222028294132
Syria3,2481,7483,1765,96714,6865,877
Mali481378389586488544
Taiwan5,0914,2464,7595,8015,0794,858
Burkina Faso814551465646525541
Sri Lanka2,5721,2321,4631,6891,5941,627
Malawi179167197213257228
Zambia365361401511477537
Kazakhstan1,7871,3301,3071,5331,3781,377
Chile1,7471,6321,5201,7621,5191,625
Romania1,8271,8461,9942,6162,4482,953
Chad174100111224251205
Somalia1,0429612,0243,7527,5577,404
Ecuador11,9107,5326,15711,08311,47210,594
Guatemala16,9908,9047,81513,45315,63813,198
Senegal1,2539629991,6651,4201,470
Netherlands9721,0099621,2749981,056
Cambodia3,4001,7621,5932,7483,1874,056
Zimbabwe1,433737674758749810
Guinea1,3657458581,5791,2821,348
Rwanda1,5407841,0841,5091,6201,394
Benin721467450619573648
Burundi7887301,0997817621,094
Bolivia1,6211,1219761,5251,5231,510
Tunisia569514463510517535
Haiti10,43211,4569,33817,25321,36021,824
Belgium552601629714537625
Dominican Republic40,15224,55330,00549,91157,41358,520
Jordan4,7793,4163,0634,9985,3225,264
South Sudan10069117191185160
Cuba36,64223,07716,36741,64176,48665,028
Honduras17,09910,1168,27715,90113,79411,387
Sweden7517888351,018889950
Papua New Guinea262019242718
Czech Republic474496695152
Azerbaijan1,1295458141,1691,015881
Tajikistan9515385231,158893652
Greece9188429451,3501,2141,314
Portugal746750679940889939
Hungary8407307611,070917972
United Arab Emirates1,9601,3321,2511,5861,3791,314
Belarus2,1721,4351,7232,2631,9511,919
Israel3,4393,1033,6874,3043,7063,802
Togo1,8871,1431,2761,5461,5341,572
Sierra Leone2,3231,2277131,4431,5272,058
Austria344359311437401387
Switzerland614614592595570565
Laos621349486850863685
Hong Kong2,3011,3341,7832,0212,0752,415
Nicaragua3,7544,2202,5703,8183,0613,072
Serbia6368101,0771,5321,2171,410
Libya709409514511499780
Paraguay375356256452389391
Kyrgyzstan1,637710594881908715
Bulgaria1,1511,0001,1181,7591,7982,184
Turkmenistan942161250330286251
El Salvador30,87618,66817,90727,65628,32625,109
Republic of the Congo527219308476580632
Singapore971799807818801818
Denmark374322405416353461
Central African Republic135151148231304178
Slovakia324311343422370388
Finland288324317497442439
Liberia2,4122,5041,6743,4953,1014,155
Norway279226248329284290
New Zealand650665607844719798
Costa Rica2,1671,9911,6582,3482,1712,184
Lebanon3,4342,2532,1202,6052,5812,818
Ireland1,3661,3641,4661,7601,4011,485
Mauritania326144134230212287
Oman210154118148110104
Panama9528446011,059897889
Kuwait1,1169167681,2011,0901,177
Croatia259294241360286375
Eritrea1,7601,3041,8812,3852,4282,449
Georgia2,3031,2391,1791,6911,6431,629
Mongolia1,005762543765636661
Uruguay7318306991,1099601,001
Moldova1,4991,0521,3671,9352,2062,480
Bosnia and Herzegovina506478477637682846
Gambia1,0107786641,3781,0231,134
Albania5,9452,6123,5085,3665,0495,722
Jamaica16,48213,35712,82621,68920,34721,905
Armenia3,0371,8332,1453,1013,2173,437
Qatar430323215287236224
Botswana5858436172112
Lithuania506487475750658645
Namibia5075909875130
Gabon12512386148112150
Lesotho131414221224
Guinea Bissau402327512748
Slovenia90877611995108
North Macedonia9797455901,0791,0821,027
Latvia253258224319356359
Equatorial Guinea522927301720
Trinidad and Tobago2,4351,8521,7183,1502,7583,100
Bahrain163151127183143130
Estonia118140126193151176
Mauritius856568956796
Cyprus90102105111120117
Eswatini222825321819
Djibouti15411184151281222
Fiji1,124419425734730805
Comoros441084
Guyana3,4553,4353,0275,3855,1655,468
Bhutan2091371,0911,4412,3502,940
Macau6246649991109
Luxembourg303220423033
Suriname106117117172182136
Montenegro324266303376299323
Cape Verde1,119941
Malta302344475875
Maldives44845
Brunei232411232924
Belize591670475806632746
Bahamas767997614922759725
Iceland688381708986
French Polynesia511215251020
Barbados306269226338318373
Sao Tome and Principe15412910
Samoa139130154195179194
Curacao352931535634
Saint Lucia628457463726696777
Grenada307554501544
Micronesia21101521196
Tonga213171202256225262
Seychelles1446610
Aruba462822524547
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines317228196403333361
Antigua and Barbuda280201190323325322
Dominica455279287511492510
Cayman Islands50534767
Bermuda657167846568
Saint Kitts and Nevis143113106238250238
Turks and Caicos Islands33564135
Sint Maarten442421372735
Marshall Islands151212222323
Monaco77871314
Saint Martin159
British Virgin Islands29583725
Palau710814713
Anguilla11142323
Montserrat12242012
Total699,3411,020,5841,082,7271,107,452
showing: 198 rows

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Country
Total2011to2020
2016
2015
2014
2013
2012
2011
Afghanistan90,84512,5138,32810,5272,1961,6171,648
Albania44,0615,7734,6533,8283,1863,3643,612
Algeria17,7402,1801,7751,6691,2411,3691,364
Angola1,770198154148143187148
Anguilla203202220222325
Antigua and Barbuda3,192324290369344337368
Argentina38,3564,0913,7303,8744,3724,3594,473
Armenia29,7043,5432,9622,9132,7222,6812,983
Aruba405233840455439
Australia27,9253,2393,0342,8092,7592,4142,343
Austria4,126432474438415407424
Azerbaijan8,039784676672637663728
Bahamas6,972656725654630619668
Bahrain1,326138145122115104119
Bangladesh145,30718,72313,57014,64512,09914,70516,707
Barbados3,729371376384428460455
Belarus19,5852,1271,9942,0151,9701,6591,964
Belgium6,306691662632675574567
Belize7,769851772789946847905
Benin5,069577466517342415462
Bermuda84599112106888571
Bhutan54,9514,2176,3257,2988,95410,19810,137
Bolivia16,6661,5951,6261,7192,0711,9482,173
Bosnia and Herzegovina7,555971859693697815878
Botswana694786158538076
Brazil136,85613,81211,42410,42911,03311,44111,763
British Virgin Islands404403856453937
Brunei229312125211925
Bulgaria23,1432,6702,6882,9812,8442,4402,661
Burkina Faso5,553642575583585558433
Burundi6,163415351273260535593
Cambodia27,0033,1731,8682,5362,6242,4732,745
Cameroon41,8084,8994,3743,9433,9083,8154,754
Canada118,26112,79312,67311,58613,18112,93212,800
Cayman Islands502555348444441
Central African Republic1,915202234155213116134
Chad1,658136175119111155171
Chile16,5631,6981,5961,5811,7361,6731,853
China713,52781,77274,55876,08971,79881,78487,016
Colombia186,12918,61017,31618,17521,13120,93122,635
Comoros654593108
Costa Rica20,8492,2242,0291,9662,1142,0202,135
Croatia3,333388348297353336349
Cuba468,60466,51654,39646,67932,21932,82036,452
Curacao258352227
Cyprus1,160131113129126107101
Czech Republic1,06562587474159466
Denmark4,703521609514506459459
Djibouti1,8312813701909010656
Dominica3,328298229345244125287
Dominican Republic481,18361,16150,61044,57741,31141,56646,109
DR Congo60,6016,7915,3454,3472,7923,7312,424
Ecuador102,24610,75710,18710,96010,5919,34211,103
Egypt97,97012,04512,08511,47710,2948,9887,778
El Salvador214,39023,44919,48719,27318,26016,25618,667
Equatorial Guinea203182515182013
Eritrea22,5152,2672,2202,0022,1382,6432,102
Estonia1,895211189220211227191
Eswatini214201923152419
Ethiopia120,74013,23211,39412,30013,09714,54413,793
Fiji8,0268668758028958531,041
Finland3,983489407350331348363
France43,9745,1594,6934,2844,4253,8623,653
French Polynesia1862714243021
Gabon1,502165146167127197204
Gambia10,8481,2471,1421,1111,0181,159972
Georgia14,6261,6351,4101,2401,3681,3411,490
Germany52,1615,3065,4365,5846,0325,8126,125
Ghana79,9076,9496,1867,11510,26510,5928,798
Greece12,0841,4511,2111,2351,3611,054949
Grenada5,586585525633687671579
Guatemala116,77413,00211,77310,23810,22410,34111,092
Guinea14,0611,5011,3891,3751,5181,6561,555
Guinea Bissau378373930434729
Guyana54,8055,7715,5436,2675,8975,6836,599
Haiti190,88023,58416,96715,27420,35122,81822,111
Honduras102,00613,3029,2748,1568,8986,8846,133
Hong Kong21,8032,5102,0852,2782,2262,1042,306
Hungary10,0091,0481,0959961,0521,0541,044
Iceland945971048613910390
India631,68964,68764,11677,90868,45866,43469,013
Indonesia21,5392,1292,0842,1392,7312,6032,856
Iran117,98013,29813,11411,61512,86312,91614,822
Iraq147,55218,90421,10719,1539,55220,36921,133
Ireland15,5941,7591,6071,6051,6261,5141,371
Israel39,3864,1423,9653,8053,9964,1533,826
Italy32,9864,0783,5443,2982,9602,6732,443
Ivory Coast14,9621,6171,4971,4771,4861,7601,302
Jamaica196,55223,35017,64219,02619,40020,70519,662
Japan51,6545,2075,3955,5455,9256,0616,161
Jordan45,9305,2694,6645,1874,1884,0993,876
Kazakhstan13,0051,3101,2011,2211,2411,2021,235
Kenya63,9136,2745,6025,8846,1237,0437,762
Kuwait10,4881,1861,0551,0579371,044973
Kyrgyzstan7,284847790707652648542
Laos8,291856917806923949956
Latvia3,799391480384424436426
Lebanon28,1102,9712,8133,2452,7832,8793,295
Lesotho189192313201725
Liberia35,3073,6193,7953,8743,3344,1094,151
Libya5,252642734524376315357
Lithuania7,474735750747854924936
Luxembourg295342726401924
Macau1,03210999105106120130
Madagascar801887286957983
Malawi1,906205160172159192123
Malaysia27,4693,3822,7492,6222,4772,6052,273
Maldives6411813533
Mali5,826598587604667734629
Malta542655839436251
Marshall Islands334323256465038
Mauritania2,955317298320354410393
Mauritius87411096818377101
Mexico1,480,901174,534158,619134,052135,028146,406143,446
Micronesia10911654139
Moldova22,5182,9292,4962,3412,4852,0212,258
Monaco9011108856
Mongolia6,844750644651729691774
Montenegro2,962387251289265265204
Morocco1911414382730
Mozambique37,1854,5863,7103,6053,3363,6564,399
Myanmar83910110771739460
Namibia769878644575943
Nepal114,26912,85112,92612,35713,04611,31210,166
Netherlands11,4311,3191,3091,1951,1421,0911,085
New Zealand8,003846855796921814803
Nicaragua31,7123,4863,3242,8863,0483,0463,401
Niger9751195571374896
Nigeria133,76614,38011,54212,82813,84013,57511,824
North Korea5074755142484936
North Macedonia9,9391,2621,0609608959061,078
Norway3,044362310271335276339
Oman9781168590737460
Pakistan157,12419,31318,05718,61213,25114,74015,546
Palau11614151216107
Panama10,5111,0291,0521,0951,2341,2811,374
Papua New Guinea208231118272120
Paraguay4,110434382391448467500
Peru106,59910,94010,14810,60612,56412,60914,064
Philippines496,36153,28756,47849,99654,44657,32757,011
Poland53,4035,6035,2755,6896,4306,3006,863
Portugal8,7521,006857892918811821
Qatar2,190272229202191141193
Republic of the Congo7,5606254965521,0591,4611,371
Romania31,5903,5543,3763,2463,7733,7483,882
Russia90,1699,2978,7999,0799,7539,9697,944
Rwanda9,9031,357732555540592520
Saint Kitts and Nevis2,487250222263259311350
Saint Lucia7,579777739844853919785
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines4,078422415448529503468
Samoa2,129219207239237238267
Sao Tome and Principe8512656129
Saudi Arabia18,3622,1171,7441,6961,4631,3431,396
Senegal13,9831,5331,2441,2731,3401,6151,424
Serbia10,8221,3511,2781,143866704244
Seychelles88161176715
Sierra Leone15,9391,5351,5991,7401,6511,6881,985
Singapore7,853812781779835712690
Sint Maarten252424545
Slovakia4,519483424460507528594
Slovenia91911910778628669
Somalia53,1006,9586,7965,1903,7645,2044,451
South Africa28,4943,0232,9072,6762,6292,7812,649
South Korea197,79121,80117,13820,42323,16620,84622,824
South Sudan1,054124127745917
Spain27,5833,5193,3032,9282,4801,8421,890
Sri Lanka17,7101,9131,7631,7671,8471,9942,053
Sudan28,2143,1593,5802,4421,9452,4712,628
Suriname1,616156134158178187196
Sweden9,9091,1441,0669541,106968979
Switzerland6,308743640656697635615
Syria51,0514,8003,8403,5403,3663,0142,785
Taiwan52,0725,1204,8884,6975,3855,3316,154
Tajikistan6,273593595516550411382
Tanzania16,1967887997748371,5161,427
Thailand69,3377,0397,5026,1977,5839,4599,962
Togo15,5441,9381,5471,6121,2571,7561,506
Tonga2,907283327320348276408
Trinidad and Tobago36,3563,4693,2123,9884,7245,2145,023
Tunisia4,797518518429445422440
Turkey45,7144,4694,2013,8344,1444,1624,403
Turkmenistan2,525235226254210223260
Turks and Caicos Islands395393840503033
Uganda17,3231,6491,6641,4091,3501,3401,239
Ukraine93,95010,4227,9877,7528,1937,6428,292
United Arab Emirates11,6031,3701,1931,039910854707
United Kingdom115,90812,67312,59212,22512,98412,01411,572
United States3,227468370358319279269
Uruguay11,2269721,0781,1281,3521,3741,553
Uzbekistan40,2984,3593,9775,1944,3824,7265,056
Venezuela107,91210,7729,1448,4279,5729,3879,183
Vietnam333,90041,45130,83230,28327,10128,30434,157
Yemen46,77813,0403,1943,4923,5322,6203,361
Zambia5,114487460441505643652
Zimbabwe8,236815779797924
showing: 195 rows

US Immigration by Country 2024

Which countries immigrate to the US the most?

The top three countries that people leave to immigrate to the United States are Mexico, India, and China.

Frequently Asked Questions

Sources