Immigration by Country 2022

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Immigration is the international movement of people away from the country where they have citizenship (usually their country of birth) in favor of a destination country where they do not have citizenship. Immigrants, often referred to as foreign-born residents, move to a new country for several reasons, including searching for economic prosperity, job opportunities, family reunification, retirement, and better access to resources.

The proportion of immigrants varies considerably from country to country, and for several reasons. Some countries are easy to immigrate to—in fact, some countries will actually encourage immigrants from the United States—while other countries are harder to immigrate to by comparison.

Top 10 Countries with the Highest Number of Foreign-Born Residents (Immigrants) - United Nations 2020:

  1. United States — 50.6 million
  2. Germany — 15.8 million
  3. Saudi Arabia — 13.5 million
  4. Russia — 11.6 million
  5. United Kingdom — 9.4 million
  6. United Arab Emirates — 8.7 million
  7. France — 8.5 million
  8. Canada — 8.0 million
  9. Australia — 7.7 million
  10. Spain — 6.8 million

The United States is home to the highest number of immigrants in the world. An estimated 50.6 million people in the United States—a bit more than 15% of the total population of 331.4 million—were born in a foreign country. The number of immigrants in the U.S. has increased by at least 400% since 1965. The population of immigrants in the United States is incredibly diverse, with nearly every country in the world represented among U.S. immigrants. Mexico is the leading origin country for U.S. immigrants, accounting for more than 11 million, roughly 25%, of all immigrants in the United States. Immigration, of course, played a formative role in making the U.S. the country it is today: except for those whose ancestors arrived as slaves, the majority of citizens of the "Great American Melting Pot" are descended from immigrants—and early European settlers in particular.

Perhaps the most unique entry in the top ten is the United Arab Emirates, whose 8.7 million immigrants make up nearly 89% of the country's total population. This gives the UAE one of the world's highest proportions of immigrant residents in relation to the total national population.

What is the difference between immigrants and emigrants?

The difference between the words "immigration/immigrant" and "emigration/emigrant" can be confusing. Technically speaking, the two terms are opposites, but it can be difficult to tell from their definitions. An immigrant is someone who came to the country where they now live from somewhere else. In contrast, an emigrant is someone who left their home country and moved somewhere else. In other words, the person moving is both an immigrant and an emigrant, depending upon whether the person speaking or writing the word lives in the home country or the destination country.

This nuance is often easier to understand with an example: Imagine a person who was born in South Africa, but now lives permanently in the United States. To their new friends in the U.S., that person is an immigrant, because they immigrated to—or came to—the United States. But to their old friends in South Africa, that same person is an emigrant because they emigrated from—or left—South Africa.

When used in the context of national populations, "immigrants" refers to foreign-born residents who have moved to that country and "emigrants" refers to people who have left that country to live somewhere else.

Top 10 Countries with the Highest Number of Emigrants (Former Residents living Internationally) - United Nations 2020:

  1. India — 17.9 million
  2. Mexico — 11.1 million
  3. Russia — 10.8 million
  4. China — 10.5 million
  5. Syria — 8.5 million
  6. Bangladesh — 7.4 million
  7. Pakistan — 6.3 million
  8. Ukraine — 6.1 million
  9. Philippines — 6.1 million
  10. Afghanistan — 5.9 million

India has the largest number of natives living abroad with 17.9 million people in total. Emigrant numbers are not always as accurate as immigrant numbers, mostly because most governments are not as concerned about those who leave the country as they are about those who enter and use government-funded services or infrastructure. There are exceptions to this logic, however, as countries such as North Korea and Taliban-controlled Afghanistan take a keen interest in preventing residents from emigrating.

Immigration by Country 2022

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Immigration by Country 2022

* Data shown is for 2020.
Country # Immigrants % of Population # Emigrants
United States50,632,83615.28%2,996,223
Germany15,762,45718.81%3,855,268
Saudi Arabia13,454,84238.65%299,268
Russia11,636,9117.97%10,756,697
United Kingdom9,359,58713.79%4,732,510
United Arab Emirates8,716,33288.13%203,214
France8,524,87613.06%2,341,908
Canada8,049,32321.33%1,292,329
Australia7,685,86030.14%598,765
Spain6,842,20214.63%1,489,823
Italy6,386,99810.56%3,258,831
Turkey6,052,6527.18%3,411,408
Ukraine4,997,38711.43%6,139,144
India4,878,7040.35%17,869,492
Kazakhstan3,732,07319.88%4,203,899
Thailand3,632,4965.20%1,086,985
Malaysia3,476,56010.74%1,860,037
Jordan3,457,69133.89%814,909
Pakistan3,276,5801.48%6,328,400
Kuwait3,110,15972.83%212,271
Hong Kong2,962,49139.52%1,007,788
South Africa2,860,4954.82%914,901
Iran2,797,2353.33%1,325,113
Japan2,770,9962.19%808,825
Ivory Coast2,564,8579.72%1,149,298
Singapore2,523,64843.14%348,464
Switzerland2,491,24928.79%713,623
Oman2,372,83646.47%25,099
Netherlands2,358,33313.76%970,403
Argentina2,281,7285.05%1,076,148
Qatar2,226,19277.27%25,705
Bangladesh2,115,4081.28%7,401,763
Belgium2,005,47917.30%577,463
Sweden2,003,90819.84%327,581
Israel1,953,57522.57%358,691
Colombia1,905,3933.74%3,024,273
Austria1,738,18319.30%600,740
South Korea1,728,1823.37%2,204,554
Uganda1,720,3133.76%781,440
Lebanon1,712,76225.09%856,814
Chile1,645,0158.61%643,800
New Zealand1,381,72428.65%806,159
Sudan1,379,1473.15%2,104,887
Greece1,340,45612.86%1,088,507
Venezuela1,324,1934.66%5,415,337
Nigeria1,308,5680.63%1,670,455
Peru1,224,5193.71%1,519,635
Mexico1,197,6240.93%11,185,737
Uzbekistan1,162,0073.47%2,027,823
Ethiopia1,085,5170.94%946,129
Brazil1,079,7080.51%1,897,128
Belarus1,067,09011.29%1,483,626
Kenya1,050,1471.95%535,348
China1,039,6750.07%10,461,170
Portugal1,001,9639.83%2,081,419
DR Congo952,8711.06%1,832,069
Bahrain936,09455.01%58,270
South Sudan882,2527.88%2,575,870
Ireland871,25617.64%734,317
Syria868,7114.96%8,457,214
Norway852,23815.72%191,392
Libya826,53712.03%185,518
Serbia823,0119.42%1,003,962
Poland817,2542.16%4,825,096
Ecuador784,7874.45%1,127,891
Burkina Faso723,9893.46%1,599,347
Denmark717,57412.39%257,025
Romania705,3103.67%3,987,093
Angola656,4342.00%668,066
Dominican Republic603,7945.57%1,608,567
Hungary584,5676.05%714,420
Cameroon579,2092.18%441,015
Chad547,4943.33%222,303
Egypt543,9370.53%3,610,461
Czech Republic540,9215.05%1,026,108
Croatia528,05612.86%1,039,526
Costa Rica520,72910.22%150,241
Rwanda513,9073.97%492,489
Nepal487,5641.67%2,599,701
Mali485,8292.40%1,303,511
Ghana476,4121.53%1,004,324
Tanzania426,0170.71%327,863
Gabon416,65118.72%48,392
Zimbabwe416,1412.80%1,243,314
Macau403,49062.14%145,192
Benin394,2763.25%681,827
Republic of the Congo387,6067.02%223,767
Yemen387,1131.30%1,301,166
Finland386,0526.97%311,889
Iraq365,7660.91%2,077,976
Indonesia355,5050.13%4,601,369
Niger348,0561.44%399,707
Burundi344,7672.90%551,105
Mozambique338,8501.08%640,160
Panama313,1657.26%139,520
Luxembourg298,06247.62%81,757
Togo279,9363.38%545,409
Slovenia277,96413.37%160,197
Tajikistan276,0312.89%586,851
Senegal274,9291.64%693,765
Palestine272,7845.35%4,022,791
Azerbaijan252,2282.49%1,163,922
Algeria250,3780.57%2,022,337
Puerto Rico247,1328.64%1,850,529
Latvia239,42212.69%380,010
Equatorial Guinea230,61816.44%128,774
Philippines225,5250.21%6,094,307
Estonia199,27715.02%206,631
Kyrgyzstan199,0113.05%774,377
Slovakia197,1613.61%419,651
Turkmenistan194,9203.23%242,554
Malawi191,3621.00%311,052
Cyprus190,36615.77%173,210
Armenia190,3496.42%958,190
Zambia187,9551.02%200,700
Bulgaria184,3632.65%1,683,626
Mauritania182,2863.92%130,226
Paraguay169,5672.38%896,484
Bolivia164,1211.41%927,244
Lithuania145,1845.33%658,057
Afghanistan144,0980.37%5,853,838
Reunion131,76914.72%3,064
North Macedonia131,3116.30%693,896
Guinea121,4370.92%550,790
Djibouti119,73812.12%18,365
French Guiana119,24939.93%4,595
Malta114,76025.99%102,793
Mayotte111,54040.88%6,767
Botswana110,2684.69%63,561
Namibia109,3914.31%47,770
Uruguay108,2673.12%367,060
Moldova104,4382.59%1,159,443
Morocco102,3580.28%3,262,222
Guadeloupe90,20622.54%12,542
Central African Republic88,5461.83%816,668
Liberia87,9471.74%233,564
Guatemala84,3110.47%1,368,431
Guam80,47247.68%2,213
Georgia79,3681.99%861,077
Cambodia79,3410.47%1,104,819
Trinidad And Tobago78,8495.63%330,519
Vietnam76,7670.08%3,392,025
Myanmar76,4460.14%3,711,751
New Caledonia73,14126.89%5,839
Montenegro70,99911.30%132,965
Maldives70,07912.96%3,715
Martinique68,62418.29%12,964
Iceland65,42419.17%43,251
Bahamas63,58316.17%53,793
Belize62,04315.60%52,756
Tunisia60,1450.51%902,268
Somalia58,5900.37%2,034,221
Curacao57,21036.91%7,611
United States Virgin Islands56,75353.39%3,908
Sierra Leone53,7460.67%152,486
Bhutan53,6126.95%51,998
Aruba53,59350.19%21,456
North Korea49,5490.19%110,377
Albania48,8101.70%1,250,451
Laos48,7310.67%1,296,051
Suriname47,8018.15%273,209
Andorra45,57458.98%11,132
Isle of Man43,04050.62%12,032
El Salvador42,7670.66%1,599,058
Nicaragua42,1670.64%718,154
Sri Lanka40,2540.19%1,960,025
Honduras39,1950.40%985,077
Bosnia And Herzegovina36,0421.10%1,687,639
Madagascar35,5630.13%193,526
Barbados34,86912.13%99,611
Eswatini32,8582.83%50,039
Guyana31,1693.96%438,413
Papua New Guinea31,0680.35%4,810
French Polynesia30,08110.71%2,157
Antigua And Barbuda29,38630.01%66,561
Cayman Islands29,24244.49%1,908
Mauritius28,8932.27%182,973
Sint Maarten28,84570.68%2,191
Monaco26,60167.79%32,552
Liechtenstein25,87767.87%3,706
Turks And Caicos Islands25,74866.50%2,689
Jamaica23,6290.80%1,118,931
American Samoa23,60842.77%1,832
British Virgin Islands22,16473.29%5,355
Northern Mariana Islands21,84337.95%2,741
Mongolia21,3450.65%82,098
Bermuda19,73930.89%21,107
Haiti18,8840.17%1,769,671
Guinea Bissau17,9450.91%111,790
Cape Verde15,7882.84%187,558
Fiji14,0871.57%233,856
Eritrea13,9340.39%802,822
Seychelles13,05013.27%29,258
Comoros12,4961.44%150,823
Lesotho12,0600.56%202,164
Gibraltar11,19033.21%13,389
Timor Leste8,3990.64%39,588
Saint Lucia8,3384.54%71,227
Dominica8,28411.51%78,191
Saint Kitts And Nevis7,72514.52%50,285
Grenada7,2136.41%62,204
Faroe Islands6,81213.94%12,927
Greenland5,89910.39%17,866
Anguilla5,71538.09%2,505
San Marino5,54316.34%2,407
Western Sahara5,4240.91%194,932
Palau5,08828.12%2,656
Saint Vincent And the Grenadines4,7384.27%55,525
Cook Islands4,57926.07%21,106
Samoa4,0212.03%135,732
Tonga3,7423.54%74,550
Marshall Islands3,2985.57%10,886
Vanuatu3,2571.06%7,246
Kiribati3,1262.62%5,103
Cuba3,0240.03%1,757,300
Micronesia2,8322.46%24,945
Solomon Islands2,5200.37%4,270
Nauru2,20120.33%2,454
Sao Tome And Principe2,1390.98%39,608
Wallis And Futuna2,04018.15%11,917
Falkland Islands1,95756.24%1,518
Montserrat1,37927.62%24,582
Tokelau1,23891.23%2,112
Saint Pierre And Miquelon99817.22%433
Vatican City809100.00%174
Niue58835.79%5,186
Tuvalu2392.03%3,670

Immigration by Country 2022

Sources