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Largest Countries in Americas 2023

The Americas comprise the totality of North America and South America. Both continents are located in the Western Hemisphere and make up the New World. It believed that the first humans to settle in the Americas were from Asia and arrived anywhere between 42,000 to 17,000 years ago. Norse explorer Leif Erikson was the first European settler in the Americas; however, Christopher’s Columbus’s voyages were the first to result in permanent colonization.

North America and South America meet at a point on the Isthmus of Panama. Panama was originally part of South America when the boundary between the continents was set as the Costa Rican border and Panama was a province of Colombia. The border changed in 1903 when Panama gained its independence. Panama is the only country to have changed continents. The total area of the Americas is 16.43 million square miles (42.55 million square kilometers) making up about 8% of Earth’s total surface and 28.4% of the Earth’s total land surface. Between both continents, there are about 1.002 billion people, two-thirds of whom live in the United States, Brazil, and Mexico. Between the two continents, there are 31 countries and dozens of territories belonging to the United States and several European countries including the United Kingdom, France, Norway, the Netherlands, and Denmark.

The ten largest countries in the Americas are:

  1. Canada (3,854,083 mi2)
  2. United States (3,617,827 mi2)
  3. Brazil (3,287,086 mi2)
  4. Argentina (1,073,234 mi2)
  5. Mexico (758,249 mi2)
  6. Peru (486,093 mi2)
  7. Colombia (440,715 mi2)
  8. Bolivia (424,052 mi2)
  9. Venezuela (353,748 mi2)
  10. Chile (291,855 mi2)

Canada is the largest country at 3,854,083 square miles (9,984,670 square kilometers). Canada is also the third-largest country in the world. Despite Canada’s size, the population is 37.5 million, ranked 39th in the world. The majority of Canada’s population lives in the southernmost parts along the Canadian-US border due to the harsh weather conditions in the northern half of the country. The United States is the second-largest country in the Americas spanning over 3,617,827 square miles (9,372,610 square kilometers). The United States is the third-largest country in the world by population with over 329 million people.

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Area (km²)
Area (mi²)
% of Earth's Area
Canada10M3.9M6.73%North AmericaNorthern America
United States9.4M3.6M6.31%North AmericaNorthern America
Brazil8.5M3.3M5.74%South AmericaSouth America, Latin America
Argentina2.8M1.1M1.87%South AmericaSouth America, Latin America
Mexico2M758.2K1.32%North AmericaCentral America, Latin America
Peru1.3M496.1K0.87%South AmericaSouth America, Latin America
Colombia1.1M440.7K0.77%South AmericaSouth America, Latin America
Bolivia1.1M424.1K0.74%South AmericaSouth America, Latin America
Venezuela916.4K353.7K0.62%South AmericaSouth America, Latin America
Chile756.1K291.9K0.51%South AmericaSouth America, Latin America
Paraguay406.8K157K0.27%South AmericaSouth America, Latin America
Ecuador276.8K106.9K0.19%South AmericaSouth America, Latin America
Guyana215K83K0.14%South AmericaSouth America, Latin America
Uruguay181K69.9K0.12%South AmericaSouth America, Latin America
Suriname163.8K63.2K0.11%South AmericaSouth America, Latin America
Nicaragua130.4K50.3K< 0.1%North AmericaCentral America, Latin America
Honduras112.5K43.4K< 0.1%North AmericaCentral America, Latin America
Cuba109.9K42.4K< 0.1%North AmericaCaribbean
Guatemala108.9K42K< 0.1%North AmericaCentral America, Latin America
Panama75.4K29.1K< 0.1%North AmericaCentral America, Latin America
Costa Rica51.1K19.7K< 0.1%North AmericaCentral America, Latin America
Haiti27.8K10.7K< 0.1%North AmericaCaribbean
Belize23K8.9K< 0.1%North AmericaCentral America, Latin America
El Salvador21K8.1K< 0.1%North AmericaCentral America, Latin America
Bahamas13.9K5.4K< 0.1%North AmericaCaribbean
Jamaica11K4.2K< 0.1%North AmericaCaribbean
Trinidad and Tobago5.1K2K< 0.1%North AmericaCaribbean
Saint Lucia616238< 0.1%North AmericaCaribbean
Antigua and Barbuda442171< 0.1%North AmericaCaribbean
Barbados430166< 0.1%North AmericaCaribbean
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines389150< 0.1%North AmericaCaribbean
Grenada344133< 0.1%North AmericaCaribbean
Saint Kitts and Nevis261101< 0.1%North AmericaCaribbean
showing: 33 rows

What are the three biggest countries in the Americas?

The three biggest countries in the Americas, both North, and South, are Canada (3,854,083 mi2), the United States of America (3,617,827 mi2), and Brazil (3,287,086 mi2).

Frequently Asked Questions