Middle East Countries 2021

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The Middle East is a region of the world that is in between Europe and Asia. This detail about the Middle East makes the region transcontinental. The Middle East is a region that spans Europe's easternmost part and the westernmost part of Asia. And since the countries fall on two different continents, the Middle East is considered a transcontinental region, not a continent or country.

The countries that make up the Middle East vary in size, culture, language, and climate. Of all the Middle Eastern countries, the largest country in terms of physical size is Saudi Arabia. In contrast, Bahrain is the Middle Eastern country with the smallest total area. The group of people that makes up most of the total population of all Middle Eastern countries is the ethnic group of Arab people.

Other groups of people who call Middle Eastern countries home include Zazas, Assyrians, Jews, Lurs, Shabaks, Balochs, Druze, Berbers, Samaritans, Copts, and Mandeans. These eleven groups of people are considered minorities in the Middle East. The ethnic groups that make up most of the population include Kurds, Turks, Azeris, Persians, and Arabs.

Another aspect of the cultures and people who make up the Middle East population revolves around religious groups. The most prominent religions practiced in the Middle East are Islam, Judaism, Christianity, Mandaeism, Baha'i, and Unitarian Druidism, among many other smaller belief systems and practices.

In general, the Middle East has a climate that leans towards being dry and relatively humid. This is due to the region's positioning slightly north of the equator. Thankfully for the agricultural industry in the Middle East, numerous rivers flow, twist, and wind around Middle Eastern countries' land. Just about every single country in the Middle East has access to a larger body of water via a coastline, too, so water is available at every Middle Eastern point of extremity.

The Middle East comprises seventeen countries in total. These countries include:

Let's talk about five of the lesser-known countries in the Middle East instead. Keep in mind that these countries are not superior to the other twelve Middle Eastern countries. All of the Middle East countries are impressive, successful, and admirable in their own ways. For now, let's focus on Bahrain, Lebanon, and the United Arab Emirates.


Bahrain is a Middle Eastern country in the part of the region. It is also known as the Kingdom of Bahrain, the Middle Eastern country of Bahrain island country in the Middle East, believe it or not. When you glance at a map of the world, it can even be difficult to tell where Bahrain is, for it blends into the rest of the Middle Eastern landmass.

Bahrain is separated from the ten other Middle Eastern countries by the Gulf of Bahrain, with Saudi Arabia being on the other side of the Gulf. The Persian Gulf is to the east of Bahrain as well. The Bahrain population is around 1.7 million people, and everyone who lives in Bahrain shares a total area of about 294 square miles of land. Together, these values mean that the Middle Eastern country has a population density of about 4,690 people per square mile.


Lebanon can be found along the westernmost coastline of the Middle East. Just north of Israel and south of the Syrian Desert, Lebanon is also situated to the west of Syria. As a country composed predominantly of mountains, Lebanon has been inhabited ever since the year 3,000 BC. Once Lebanon became an independent country free from the Holy Roman Empire, the Middle Eastern country did not become peaceful until a civil war that was fifteen years in length settled down in 1990.

Since then, Lebanon has been less violent, though a series of unfortunate events continued to unfold within the country's borders. A civil war in the neighboring country of Syria erupted in 2012, and the chaos spilled over into Lebanon. The Lebanese population began to make room for refugees who were desperately fleeing Syria to escape the civil war that saw no end in sight any time soon. Lebanon continues to work towards a comeback after everything that transpired, even to this day.

Currently, there are over 6.8 million people who live in Lebanon. With a total area of about 3,950 square miles, Lebanon is the one hundred twelfth largest country in the whole world. Lebanon's population density is roughly 1,536 people per square mile of the total area.

The United Arab Emirates

The United Arab Emirates, often shortened to the Emirates, is found on the continent of Asia. The United Arab Emirates is, more specifically, located on the Arabian Peninsula near the Gulf of Persia. The country of Oman is to the east of the United Arab Emirates, while Saudi Arabia is just south of the UAE. A unique and defining factor of the United Arab Emirates is that the UAE comprises seven different emirates or political territories.

In relation to the emirates that comprise the UAE, the territories are under the ruling of emirs, which are the monarchies of certain Islamic and Arabic rulers. You can think of each emirate of the UAE as a separate kingdom, although there is a slight difference between a kingdom and an emirate. The distinguishing factor is that the emirates are specifically ruled by an Arabic or an Islamic ruler, whereas kingdoms can be controlled by any religious or political power.

The seven emirates in the United Arab Emirates are:

The population of the UAE is approximately 9,9 people. The total area across all seven emirates is a sum of 32,278 square miles. The ratio of people to land area is about three hundred residents per square mile.

Middle East Countries 2021

Rank Country 2021 Population
Saudi Arabia35,340,683
United Arab Emirates9,991,089

Middle East Countries 2021