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Corn Production By State 2021

Corn, or maize, is a cereal grain originally cultivated by indigenous people in Mexico 10,000 years ago. The plant has a leafy stalk that produces pollen inflorescences and ears that produce kernels or seeds.

Corn is widely cultivated around the world, with its total production surpassing that of wheat or rice. There are six types of corn: dent corn, flint corn, pod corn, popcorn, flour corn, and sweet corn. Dent, flint, and flour corn varieties are used to make animal feed, cornmeal, corn oil, and alcoholic beverages such as bourbon whiskey. Sweet corn, which is rich in sugar, is usually grown for human consumption. Additionally, corn is used for biofuel and ethanol production.

Today, the United States is the largest corn producer globally, with approximately 96 million acres of land reserved for corn production. While most states plant and produce corn, it is grown mostly in the Heartland region, including Iowa, Illinois, eastern South Dakota, Nebraska, Ohio, northern Missouri, and western Kentucky. In 2020, four states produced over 1 billion bushels of corn: Iowa, Illinois, Nebraska, and Minnesota. Nineteen states produced over 100 million bushels of corn.

Corn production plays a major role in the U.S. economy, as the grain can be used for food, seed, and industrial purposes. The United States also exports about 38% of the world's total corn exports to other countries. In 2018, the United States exported approximately $12.9 billion of corn.

The ten states that produce the most corn in the United States are:

  1. Iowa
  2. Illinois
  3. Nebraska
  4. Minnesota
  5. Indiana
  6. Kansas
  7. South Dakota
  8. Ohio
  9. Missouri
  10. Wisconsin

Iowa is the largest producer of corn in the United States. While officially nicknamed "The Hawkeye State," Iowa is also known as "The Corn State" due to 90% of its land devoted to agriculture. Iowa produced 2,296,200,000 bushels of corn in 2020, about 16.19% of the total U.S. production.

Illinois follows Iowa with 2,131,200,000 bushels of corn, about 15.03% of the total U.S. production. Nebraska and Minnesota produced 1,790,090,000 and 1,441,920,000 respectively. Together, the four top corn-producing states produced over 54% of the country's total corn.

Below is a table with each state's corn production and percentage of the U.S. total corn production.

Here are the 10 states with the highest rates of corn production:

  1. Iowa (2,296,200,000)
  2. Illinois (2,131,200,000)
  3. Minnesota (1,441,920,000)
  4. Indiana (981,750,000)
  5. Kansas (766,480,000)
  6. South Dakota (729,000,000)
  7. Ohio (564,300,000)
  8. Missouri (560,880,000)
  9. Wisconsin (516,780,000)
  10. Michigan (306,460,000)

Corn Production By State 2021

* Data is for 2018
State Corn Production (1,000 bushels) Corn Production Per Acre (bushels)
Iowa2,296,200,000173
Illinois2,131,200,000129
Minnesota1,441,920,000141
Indiana981,750,000175
Kansas766,480,000146
South Dakota729,000,000164
Ohio564,300,000108
Missouri560,880,000159
Wisconsin516,780,000
Michigan306,460,000192
Kentucky253,920,000153
North Dakota247,420,000168
Texas231,680,000
Nebraska179,009,000153
Tennessee140,250,000
Pennsylvania138,000,000220
Colorado122,960,000145
Arkansas111,320,000173
North Carolina107,350,000160
Mississippi88,200,000187
Louisiana87,785,000182
New York80,070,000127
Maryland66,650,000140
Virginia51,240,000
Alabama50,560,000156
South Carolina50,160,000172
Oklahoma43,200,000182
Delaware28,160,000176
Idaho25,870,000196
Washington18,240,000
Oregon15,665,000146
New Jersey12,480,000195
New Mexico7,215,000140
Georgia7,020,000210
Montana6,649,000113
Wyoming6,588,000
Arizona5,858,000181
West Virginia5,472,000
Utah4,619,000
Florida841,800213
California112,200130
Vermont
Rhode Island152
New Hampshire134
Nevada187
Massachusetts85
Maine185
Hawaii189
Connecticut157
Alaska220

Corn Production By State 2021