Dallas is a city located in Collin County, Dallas County, Denton County, Kaufman County, and Rockwall County Texas. Dallas has a 2023 population of 1,259,404. It is also the county seat of Dallas County.Dallas is currently declining at a rate of -1.13% annually and its population has decreased by -3.36% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 1,303,234 in 2020.
The average household income in Dallas is $92,785 with a poverty rate of 17.75%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Dallas is 33.1 years, 32.7 years for males, and 33.5 years for females.
The Dallas metropolitan area is much larger and is one of the fastest growing in the country. The 13-county Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington metro area has a population of 6.8 million, which is the 7th largest metro area in the United States.
Among the Hispanic population, Dallas is 36.8% Mexican, 0.3% Puerto Rican, 0.2% Cuban and 4.3% other Latino or Hispanic. The community of Dallas has historically been mostly white, with non-Hispanic whites accounting for 83% of the population in 1930. The city's population has diversified as it has grown in both size and importance, and non-Hispanic whites now represent less than a third of the Dallas population. More than a quarter of Dallasites are foreign-born.
Dallas has long been a major U.S. destination for legal and illegal Mexican immigrants. The southwestern and southeastern regions of the city, such as Oak Cliff, have a predominantly black and Hispanic population, with the southern area being mostly black. The west and east portions are predominantly Hispanic. North Dallas is primarily white.
The suburbs of Dallas are home to a large number of Asian people, including Koreans, Taiwanese, Chinese, Vietnamese, Thai, Indians, Pakistanis, and Sri Lankans. Popular suburbs for Asian residents include Arlington, Irving, Flower Mound, and Garland. Dallas also has a large population of people from the Horn of Africa, including immigrants from Somalia, Eritrea, and Ethiopia.
The Dallas-Fort Worth area is home to 70,000 immigrants who speak Russian, mostly from the former Soviet Block. This includes Russians, Russian Jews, Uzbek, and Ukrainians.
Dallas is also home to the 12th largest lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender population in the United States.
Texas as a whole has led U.S. population growth for the last few years, and Dallas is one of the fastest growing major U.S. cities. The Dallas-Fort Worth area has seen the greatest population growth in Texas, particularly in its northern suburbs. Of the fastest-growing cities in 2014, Dallas ranked 4th with a growth rate of about 2%. In the past 30 years, the Dallas-Fort Worth area has more than doubled.
By 2020, North Texas will have 1-2 million more residents. It's projected that Latinos will reach 3.2 million in 2020, almost catching up to the estimated 3.6 million non-Hispanic whites in the area. Shortly after this date, Hispanics will become the largest ethnic group in DFW. Demographers predict the downtown Dallas and Fort Worth areas will explode in population and the Asian population will soar.
The Dallas region has been inhabited for thousands of years, more recently by the Caddo people before the claim on the land by Spanish colonists. France also had a claim to the Texas territory although it never established a real settlement. It was the Adams-Onis Treaty of 1819 between the U.S. and Spain that defined the Red River as a boundary and placed what would become Dallas into Spanish territory. The area was under Spanish rule for another two years, when Mexico declared independence and the Dallas area became a part of the Mexican state Coahuila y Tejas. In 1836, the Republic of Texas, which was primarily composed of Anglo-American settlers at the time, gained independence from Mexico and became an independent nation for a time.
The area of present-day Dallas was surveyed in 1839, and a permanent settlement called Dallas was established two years later. The Republic of Texas was annexed to the U.S. in 1845. Eleven years later, Dallas was incorporated as a city.
The early history of Dallas saw it become a significant boom city and a center of trade and business, which then moved into industrial industries.
According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Dallas was:
Black or African American
Two or more races
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
Average Family Size
Average Household Size
Rate of Home Ownership
Less Than 9th Grade
9th to 12th Grade
High School Graduate
High School Graduation Rate
The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 86.94%.
The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 57.46%.
Other Indo-European Languages
Asian and Pacific Island Languages
57.59% of Dallas residents speak only English, while 42.41% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 36.54% of the population.
Overall Poverty Rate
Male Poverty Rate
Female Poverty Rate
The race most likely to be in poverty in Dallas is Black, with 25.08% below the poverty level.
The race least likely to be in poverty in Dallas is White, with 7.86% below the poverty level.
The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.8%. Among those working part-time, it was 20.2%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 30.72%.
Overall Marriage Rate
Male Marriage Rate
Female Marriage Rate
The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.
Second Gulf War
First Gulf War
World War II
Less Than 9th Grade
High School Graduate
Bachelors or Greater
Veteran Poverty Rate
Veteran Disability Rate
Labor Force Participation
Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.
Born in Dallas
77.03% of Dallas residents were born in the United States, with 54.99% having been born in Texas. 17.66% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.