Minneapolis, Minnesota Population 2021

439,012
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Minneapolis's name is attributed to the first schoolteacher in the town who combined "mini," a Dakota word for water, with "polis," the Greek word for city. This name is appropriate, as Minneapolis has twenty lakes and wetlands, creeks, waterfalls and the Mississippi River, which are connected by the Chain of Lakes and the Grand Rounds National Scenic Byway.

Minneapolis rests on both banks of the Mississippi River and adjoins Saint Paul, the state's capital, to the north. The two we know as the Twin Cities, and it's the Minneapolis-Saint Paul metropolitan area that has more than 3.4 million residents.

This population of 3.4 million is based on the 2010 Census, but new census information shows the Twin Cities area has gained another 60,000 people, with Minneapolis leading the growth.

The growth in Minneapolis is excellent news, and it was a big surprise to demographers, who were hesitant even to call it a trend as the city seemed resigned to hollow success since the 1950s, with a flourishing culture and beautiful architecture, yet a shrinking population that was getting poorer.

By 1990, Minneapolis had lost 1/3 of its population, then grew at a modest pace for the next 20 years. During this time, its suburbs experienced tremendous growth, tripling its population of 60 years to overtake Detroit as the second-largest metropolitan region in the Midwest in 2010.

It was in 2011 that the city started to see faster growth, adding more people in just the past two years than it has in the past 20.

Minneapolis Diversity Statistics

White people currently account for 3/5 of the city's population, mostly of German and Scandinavian descent. 23% of the population is German Americans (82,800), while the Scandinavian American population is primarily Swedish (8.5%) and Norwegian (10.9%). Danish Americans also have a large share of the population at 1.3% and put together, the three groups account for 1 out of five people in Minneapolis, while Germans and Scandinavians account for over 43% -- the majority of the non-Hispanic white population in the city.

While these groups make up a large share of the population, other common European ancestry groups include Irish (11.3%), English (7%), Polish (3.9%) and French (3.5%).

Interestingly, Minneapolis had the 4th highest percentage of gay, lesbian and bisexual people among all US cities in 2006 with 12.5%, putting it behind San Francisco but just behind Atlanta and Seattle. Minneapolis was also named the 7th gayest city in the country in 2012 by The Advocate.

Minneapolis Population Growth

It's hard to say if Minneapolis can continue the great growth its seen in the last three years. Mayor R.T. Rybak said in his final state of the city speech in April 2013, "By 2025, we want 450,000 people to live in Minneapolis -- about 65,000 more than today." He added he wants to do this without putting a single new car on the roads or disrupting the character of the city's neighborhoods.

Minneapolis has led the large metropolitan area in new housing units for the last six years and, while it's only growing half as fast as Seattle or Denver, it will reach this goal if this trend continues. By 2040, it's possible for Minneapolis to reach its historic high of 522,000 in the early '50s. This article in the Star Tribune goes through several things Minneapolis will need to do to take advantage of this trend and see maximum growth.

The Dakota tribes, particularly the Mdewakanton, were permanent settlers in the area as early as the 16th century. New colonists began to arrive here between 1850 and 1865 from New York, Canada, and New England and, by the mid-1860s, immigrants from Finland, Sweden, Norway and Denmark began moving into the area. There were also substantial populations of migrant workers from Latin America and Mexico moving here for work.

Immigrants from Greece, Poland, Italy, Germany and Southern, and Eastern Europe began moving to Minneapolis later, and they settled in the Northeast neighborhood of the city, which is still known for its high Polish population.

By the 1880s, Jews from Russia and Eastern Europe began to arrive and settled in the northern area of the city before moving to the western suburbs in the 1950s and '60s.

The next wave of immigrants was Asians from the Philippines, Japan, Korea, and China. Government relocations also brought in two populations: Japanese during the 1940s and Native Americans in the next decade.

From the 1970s onward, Asians began to arrive from other countries like Thailand, Cambodia, and Vietnam. The Latino wave of immigrants was next in the 1990s, followed by immigrants from the Horn of Africa, particularly Somalia.

Between 1990 and 2000, the metro area had a 127% increase in its foreign-born population, and it's no surprise that Minneapolis is considered an immigrant gateway to the US.

Minneapolis Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Minneapolis was:

  • White: 63.60%
  • Black or African American: 19.19%
  • Asian: 5.94%
  • Other race: 4.98%
  • Two or more races: 4.84%
  • Native American: 1.42%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.04%
The current population of Minneapolis, Minnesota is 439,012based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 424,903.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 382,578.

Minneapolis, Minnesota Population 2021

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20213,700,01029,9900.81%
20203,670,02029,9800.82%
20193,640,04029,9800.82%
20183,610,06034,3600.95%
20173,575,70037,1701.04%
20163,538,53034,8000.98%
20153,503,73027,5400.79%
20143,476,19035,4101.02%
20133,440,78034,8301.01%
20123,405,95032,5600.96%
20113,373,39033,3800.99%
20103,340,0100.00%

Minneapolis Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White267,31463.60%
Black or African American80,66419.19%
Asian24,9615.94%
Some Other Race20,9154.98%
Two or More Races20,3584.84%
American Indian and Alaska Native5,9561.42%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander1560.04%
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Minneapolis Population By Race

Minneapolis Population Pyramid 2021

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Minneapolis Median Age

32.3


Total

32.2


Male

32.4


Female

Minneapolis Adults

There are 337,022 adults, (41,999 of whom are seniors) in Minneapolis.

Minneapolis Age Dependency

42.5

Age Dependency Ratio

14.2

Old Age Dependency Ratio

28.2

Child Dependency Ratio

Minneapolis Sex Ratio

Mujer

207,501

49.37%

Masculino

212,823

50.63%

Minneapolis Population by Age

Minneapolis Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Minneapolis Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married73.9%26.1%
Masculino49.4%50.6%
All47.2%52.8%
Non Family34.5%65.5%
Mujer34.1%65.9%

47.2%

Rate of Home Ownership

Minneapolis Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All176,9742.2847.2
Non Family98,1541.4734.5
Married54,8593.1373.9
Mujer17,4453.6434.1
Masculino6,5163.5249.4

3.16

Average Family Size

2.28

Average Household Size

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Minneapolis Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade15,2155.43%
9th to 12th Grade12,9314.61%
High School Graduate42,39415.12%
Some College47,91517.09%
Associates Degree20,5067.31%
Bachelors Degree85,20230.38%
Graduate Degree56,26120.06%
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Minneapolis Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Minneapolis Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
White189,549184,610118,406
Black44,30633,0626,325
Hispanic21,44012,8414,509
Asian14,71412,1598,058
Other Race11,3545,7931,416
2+ Races8,2087,5633,695
Native American3,5752,954698
Islander14412943

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 97.39%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 62.47%.

Minneapolis Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Masculino Mujer
Overall$43,837$46,890$41,007
Less Than 9th Grade$22,126$25,744$17,855
High School Graduate$27,504$30,000$25,111
Some College$35,380$39,288$31,356
Bachelors Degree$54,110$61,223$48,799
Graduate Degree$69,928$78,357$63,611

$43,837

Average Earnings

$46,890

Average Male

$41,007

Average Female

Minneapolis Earnings by Educational Attainment

Minneapolis Language by Age

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Minneapolis Language

77.96% of Minneapolis residents speak only English, while 22.04% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 7.94% of the population.

Minneapolis Language

Minneapolis Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black78,30131,02239.62%
White242,66626,78411.04%
Hispanic39,4609,06522.97%
Asian23,5865,70324.18%
Other20,6005,21125.30%
Multiple19,4414,31222.18%
Native5,6482,01935.75%
Islander1563723.72%

19.14%

Overall Poverty Rate

17.97%

Male Poverty Rate

20.34%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Minneapolis

The race most likely to be in poverty in Minneapolis is Black, with 39.62% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Minneapolis is White, with 11.04% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.37%. Among those working part-time, it was 27.47%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 37.61%.

Minneapolis Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade38.93%
High School22.78%
Some College16.52%
Bachelors or Greater5.04%

Minneapolis Poverty Rate by Education

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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed44.96%
Male Unemployed41.09%
Female Employed12.44%
Male Employed8.31%

Minneapolis Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Minneapolis Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$62,583$89,282
Families$86,836$117,067
Married Families$113,447$145,181
Non Families$46,486$64,360
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Income by Household Type

Minneapolis Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

34.4%

Overall Marriage Rate

33.9%

Male Marriage Rate

34.9%

Female Marriage Rate

Minneapolis Married by Age and Sex

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Minneapolis Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Minneapolis Marital Status by Race

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Minneapolis Marital Status

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13,704

Number of Veterans

12,485

Male Veterans

1,219

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam4,877
First Gulf War2,247
Second Gulf War2,234
Korea1,086
World War II510

Minneapolis Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
65 to 743,600
35 to 543,199
75+2,997
55 to 642,628
18 to 341,280

Minneapolis Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White10,5564.52%
Black2,3074.29%
Hispanic4211.60%
Asian2801.40%
2+ Races2191.87%
Native American2145.03%
Other Race1280.94%

Minneapolis Veterans by Race

Minneapolis Veterans by Education

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11.14%

Veteran Poverty Rate

27.39%

Veteran Disability Rate

Minneapolis Veterans by Education

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74.4%

Labor Force Participation

70.6%

Employment Rate

5.1%

Unemployment Rate

Minneapolis Employment by Age

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Minneapolis Employment by Race

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Minneapolis Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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51.90%

Born in Minneapolis

84.40%

Native Born

15.60%

Foreign Born

8.31%

Non Citizen

7.29%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

84.40% of Minneapolis residents were born in the United States, with 51.90% having been born in Minnesota. 8.31% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Africa.

Minneapolis Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2021439,0124,7031.08%
2020434,3094,7031.09%
2019429,6064,7031.11%
2018424,9033,9780.95%
2017420,9255,8461.41%
2016415,0794,0490.99%
2015411,0303,9630.97%
2014407,0676,9971.75%
2013400,0707,3021.86%
2012392,7684,7161.22%
2011388,0524,9851.30%
2010383,0674490.01%
2000382,61814,2350.38%
1990368,383-2,568-0.07%
1980370,951-63,449-1.57%
1970434,400-48,472-1.05%
1960482,872-38,846-0.77%
1950521,71829,3480.58%
1940492,37028,0140.59%
1930464,35683,7742.01%
1920380,58279,1742.36%
1910301,40898,6904.05%
1900202,71837,9802.10%
1890164,738117,85113.39%
188046,88733,82113.63%
187013,06610,50217.69%
18602,5640.00%

Minneapolis Population by Year