Minneapolis is a city located in Hennepin County Minnesota. Minneapolis has a 2023 population of 418,075. It is also the county seat of Hennepin County.Minneapolis is currently declining at a rate of -0.86% annually and its population has decreased by -2.55% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 429,014 in 2020.
The average household income in Minneapolis is $99,741 with a poverty rate of 17.03%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Minneapolis is 32.7 years, 33 years for males, and 32.3 years for females.
Minneapolis's name is attributed to the first schoolteacher in the town who combined "mini," a Dakota word for water, with "polis," the Greek word for city. This name is appropriate, as Minneapolis has twenty lakes and wetlands, creeks, waterfalls and the Mississippi River, which are connected by the Chain of Lakes and the Grand Rounds National Scenic Byway.
Minneapolis rests on both banks of the Mississippi River and adjoins Saint Paul, the state's capital, to the north. The two we know as the Twin Cities, and it's the Minneapolis-Saint Paul metropolitan area that has more than 3.4 million residents.
This population of 3.4 million is based on the 2010 Census, but new census information shows the Twin Cities area has gained another 60,000 people, with Minneapolis leading the growth.
The growth in Minneapolis is excellent news, and it was a big surprise to demographers, who were hesitant even to call it a trend as the city seemed resigned to hollow success since the 1950s, with a flourishing culture and beautiful architecture, yet a shrinking population that was getting poorer.
By 1990, Minneapolis had lost 1/3 of its population, then grew at a modest pace for the next 20 years. During this time, its suburbs experienced tremendous growth, tripling its population of 60 years to overtake Detroit as the second-largest metropolitan region in the Midwest in 2010.
It was in 2011 that the city started to see faster growth, adding more people in just the past two years than it has in the past 20.
White people currently account for 3/5 of the city's population, mostly of German and Scandinavian descent. 23% of the population is German Americans (82,800), while the Scandinavian American population is primarily Swedish (8.5%) and Norwegian (10.9%). Danish Americans also have a large share of the population at 1.3% and put together, the three groups account for 1 out of five people in Minneapolis, while Germans and Scandinavians account for over 43% -- the majority of the non-Hispanic white population in the city.
While these groups make up a large share of the population, other common European ancestry groups include Irish (11.3%), English (7%), Polish (3.9%) and French (3.5%).
Interestingly, Minneapolis had the 4th highest percentage of gay, lesbian and bisexual people among all US cities in 2006 with 12.5%, putting it behind San Francisco but just behind Atlanta and Seattle. Minneapolis was also named the 7th gayest city in the country in 2012 by The Advocate.
It's hard to say if Minneapolis can continue the great growth its seen in the last three years. Mayor R.T. Rybak said in his final state of the city speech in April 2013, "By 2025, we want 450,000 people to live in Minneapolis -- about 65,000 more than today." He added he wants to do this without putting a single new car on the roads or disrupting the character of the city's neighborhoods.
Minneapolis has led the large metropolitan area in new housing units for the last six years and, while it's only growing half as fast as Seattle or Denver, it will reach this goal if this trend continues. By 2040, it's possible for Minneapolis to reach its historic high of 522,000 in the early '50s. This article in the Star Tribune goes through several things Minneapolis will need to do to take advantage of this trend and see maximum growth.
The Dakota tribes, particularly the Mdewakanton, were permanent settlers in the area as early as the 16th century. New colonists began to arrive here between 1850 and 1865 from New York, Canada, and New England and, by the mid-1860s, immigrants from Finland, Sweden, Norway and Denmark began moving into the area. There were also substantial populations of migrant workers from Latin America and Mexico moving here for work.
Immigrants from Greece, Poland, Italy, Germany and Southern, and Eastern Europe began moving to Minneapolis later, and they settled in the Northeast neighborhood of the city, which is still known for its high Polish population.
The next wave of immigrants was Asians from the Philippines, Japan, Korea, and China. Government relocations also brought in two populations: Japanese during the 1940s and Native Americans in the next decade.
From the 1970s onward, Asians began to arrive from other countries like Thailand, Cambodia, and Vietnam. The Latino wave of immigrants was next in the 1990s, followed by immigrants from the Horn of Africa, particularly Somalia.
Between 1990 and 2000, the metro area had a 127% increase in its foreign-born population, and it's no surprise that Minneapolis is considered an immigrant gateway to the US.
According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Minneapolis was:
Black or African American
Two or more races
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
Average Family Size
Average Household Size
Rate of Home Ownership
Less Than 9th Grade
9th to 12th Grade
High School Graduate
High School Graduation Rate
The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 82.07%.
The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 54.3%.
Other Indo-European Languages
Asian and Pacific Island Languages
78.61% of Minneapolis residents speak only English, while 21.39% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Other languages, which is spoken by 7.7% of the population.
Overall Poverty Rate
Male Poverty Rate
Female Poverty Rate
The race most likely to be in poverty in Minneapolis is Islander, with 41.1% below the poverty level.
The race least likely to be in poverty in Minneapolis is White, with 10.42% below the poverty level.
The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.01%. Among those working part-time, it was 23.8%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 36.65%.
Overall Marriage Rate
Male Marriage Rate
Female Marriage Rate
The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.
Second Gulf War
First Gulf War
World War II
Less Than 9th Grade
High School Graduate
Bachelors or Greater
Veteran Poverty Rate
Veteran Disability Rate
Labor Force Participation
Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.
Born in Minneapolis
88.25% of Minneapolis residents were born in the United States, with 54.24% having been born in Minnesota. 7.2% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Africa.