Council of Europe Countries | Countries on the Council of Europe 2022

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Founded in 1949 and headquartered in Strasbourg, France, the Council of Europe (CoE) is a 46-member international organization dedicated to the advancement of human rights, democracy, and the rule of law. The CoE's values include freedom of expression, freedom of assembly, freedom of the media, equality, and the protection of minorities from discrimination and hate. It campaigns for causes such as improved safety for children and minorities and fights against societal evils including corruption, terrorism, hate speech, and domestic violence. Council of Europe countries do not practice capital punishment (the death penalty) for crimes. Although the two organizations are independent of one another, the CoE includes all 27 members of the European Union (EU). In fact, no country has ever joined the European Union without first joining the Council of Europe.

Russia's expulsion from the Council of Europe

At the start of 2022, the Council of Europe had 47 members and six non-member observers. However, on February 24, 2022, Russia launched an invasion of Ukraine. The Council of Europe suspended Russia's membership a day later, on February 25, as the country's actions served as a clear violation of the CoE's humanitarian values. In response, Russia announced on March 15, 2022, that it would leave the Council of Europe. However, the CoE's Committee of Ministers chose not to delay and instead voted unanimously that same day to terminate Russia's membership in the Council of Europe. Russia had joined the CoE on 28 February 1996.

Countries on the Council of Europe

Country Date Joined Country Date Joined Country Date Joined
Albania 13 July 1995 Greece 09 Aug. 1949 Netherlands 05 May 1949
Andorra 10 Nov 1994 Holy See (observer) 07 Mar 1970 North Macedonia 09 Nov 1995
Armenia 25 Jan 2001 Hungary 06 Nov 1990 Norway 05 May 1949
Austria 16 Apr 1956 Iceland 07 Mar 1950 Poland 26 Nov 1991
Azerbaijan 25 Jan 2001 Ireland 05 May 1949 Portugal 22 Sep 1976
Belgium 05 May 1949 Israel (observer) 02 Dec 1957 Romania 07 Oct 1993
Bosnia and Herzegovina 24 Apr 2002 Italy 05 May 1949 San Marino 16 Nov 1988
Bulgaria 07 May 1992 Japan (observer) 20 Nov 1996 Serbia 03 Apr 2003
Canada (observer) 03 Apr 1996 Latvia 10 Feb 1995 Slovakia 30 Jun 1993
Croatia 06 Nov 1996 Liechtenstein 23 Nov 1978 Slovenia 14 May 1993
Cyprus 24 May 1961 Lithuania 14 May 1993 Spain 24 Nov 1977
Czech Republic 30 Jun 1993 Luxembourg 05 May 1949 Sweden 05 May 1949
Denmark 05 May 1949 Malta 29 Apr 1949 Switzerland 06 May 1963
Estonia 14 May 1993 Mexico (observer) 01 Dec 1999 Turkey 13 Apr 1950
Finland 05 May 1989 Monaco 05 Oct 2004 Ukraine 09 Nov 1995
France 05 May 1949 Montenegro 11 May 2007 United Kingdom 05 May 1949
Georgia 27 Apr 1999 Moldova 13 Jul 1995 United States (observer) 07 Dec 1995
Germany 13 Jul 1950

Council of Europe Countries | Countries on the Council of Europe 2022

Country Membership Join Date 2022 Population
United StatesNon-Member Observer7 December 1995338,289,857
MexicoNon-Member Observer1 December 1999127,504,125
JapanNon-Member Observer20 November 1996123,951,692
TurkeyFull13 April 195085,341,241
GermanyFull13 July 195083,369,843
United KingdomFull5 May 194967,508,936
FranceFull5 May 194964,626,628
ItalyFull5 May 194959,037,474
SpainFull24 November 197747,558,630
PolandFull26 November 199139,857,145
UkraineFull9 November 199539,701,739
CanadaNon-Member Observer3 April 199638,454,327
RomaniaFull7 October 199319,659,267
NetherlandsFull5 May 194917,564,014
BelgiumFull5 May 194911,655,930
SwedenFull5 May 194910,549,347
Czech RepublicFull30 June 199310,493,986
GreeceFull9 August 194910,384,971
AzerbaijanFull25 January 200110,358,074
PortugalFull22 September 197610,270,865
HungaryFull6 November 19909,967,308
IsraelNon-Member Observer2 December 19579,038,309
AustriaFull16 April 19568,939,617
SwitzerlandFull6 May 19638,740,472
SerbiaFull3 April 20037,221,365
BulgariaFull7 May 19926,781,953
DenmarkFull5 May 19495,882,261
SlovakiaFull30 June 19935,643,453
FinlandFull5 May 19895,540,745
NorwayFull5 May 19495,434,319
IrelandFull5 May 19495,023,109
CroatiaFull6 November 19964,030,358
GeorgiaFull27 April 19993,744,385
MoldovaFull13 July 19953,272,996
Bosnia And HerzegovinaFull24 April 20023,233,526
AlbaniaFull13 July 19952,842,321
ArmeniaFull25 January 20012,780,469
LithuaniaFull14 May 19932,750,055
SloveniaFull14 May 19932,119,844
North MacedoniaFull9 November 19952,093,599
LatviaFull10 February 19951,850,651
EstoniaFull14 May 19931,326,062
CyprusFull24 May 19611,251,488
LuxembourgFull5 May 1949647,599
MontenegroFull11 May 2007627,082
MaltaFull29 April 1965533,286
IcelandFull7 March 1950372,899
AndorraFull10 November 199479,824
LiechtensteinFull23 November 197839,327
MonacoFull5 October 200436,469
San MarinoFull16 November 198833,660
Vatican CityNon-Member Observer7 March 1970510

Council of Europe Countries | Countries on the Council of Europe 2022

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