Countries With Universal Health Care 2022

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Access to quality health care varies greatly by country. According to the World Health Organization, half of the world's people lack access to the health care they need. To address this shortcoming, many countries implement government-funded universal health care systems, also called universal health coverage, which offer health care to more than 90% of a country's citizens. In addition to providing almost every citizen with health care, universal health care systems are government-regulated, which ensures the care given is high-quality and affordable, so it does not inflict financial hardship on the patient. In most cases, health care through universal health care programs is free or very low cost to all citizens, regardless of their income.

Dozens of countries have some form of universal health care policies in place, but the specific implementation varies greatly from one nation to the next. The U.K. has completely free health care provided through public facilities owned by the government. Germany has a government fund that pays for coverage from private doctors and hospitals. Many countries have a blended public/private system to maximize both access and comprehensiveness. For example, South Korea, whose health care system is often considered the best in the OECD, has a universal health care system that covers up to 60% of all medical expenses—and which 77% of South Koreans supplement with private insurance to cover the remaining expenses.

Brazil is arguably the model for universal health care: Any person in Brazil—from citizens to tourists, refugees, and undocumented immigrants—is eligible to receive free and immediate medical care in whatever form they need, from primary care to surgery to prescription medications, with no previous application or paperwork necessary.

Countries with Universal Health Care:

Countries With Universal Health Care 2022

Country 2022 Population
Seychelles99,426
Iceland345,393
Bahamas400,516
Maldives540,985
Suriname596,831
Luxembourg642,371
Macau667,490
Bhutan787,941
Mauritius1,274,727
Trinidad And Tobago1,406,585
Botswana2,441,162
Albania2,866,374
Georgia3,968,738
Croatia4,059,286
Kuwait4,380,326
New Zealand4,898,203
Ireland5,020,199
Costa Rica5,182,354
Norway5,511,370
Finland5,554,960
Denmark5,834,950
Singapore5,943,546
Bulgaria6,844,597
Hong Kong7,604,299
Serbia8,653,016
Switzerland8,773,637
Israel8,922,892
Austria9,066,710
Portugal10,140,570
Sweden10,218,971
Greece10,316,637
Czech Republic10,736,784
Cuba11,305,652
Belgium11,668,278
Tunisia12,046,656
Rwanda13,600,464
Netherlands17,211,447
Romania19,031,335
Chile19,250,195
Sri Lanka21,575,842
Burkina Faso22,102,838
Taiwan23,888,595
North Korea25,990,679
Australia26,068,792
Ghana32,395,450
Malaysia33,181,072
Peru33,684,208
Morocco37,772,756
Canada38,388,419
Algeria45,350,148
Argentina46,010,234
Spain46,719,142
South Korea51,329,899
Colombia51,512,762
Italy60,262,770
South Africa60,756,135
France65,584,518
United Kingdom68,497,907
Thailand70,078,203
Germany83,883,596
Turkey85,561,976
Egypt106,156,692
Philippines112,508,994
Japan125,584,838
Mexico131,562,772
Russia145,805,947
Brazil215,353,593
Pakistan229,488,994
Indonesia279,134,505
India1,406,631,776
China1,448,471,400

Countries With Universal Health Care 2022

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