Homeschooling is the education of children at home or another place that is not a school. Homeschooling is typically conducted by a parent, home tutor, or online teacher.
Homeschooling and education by family members at home was a common practice for many years and in many cultures in the past. It declined in the 19th and 20th centuries as mandatory attendance laws began for schools. In the 1960s and 1970s, homeschooling became popular again as some people became dissatisfied with industrialized education.
##Growing Homeschool Popularity Amid the COVID-19 pandemic, many parents and caregivers found themselves considering homeschooling their kids. It was sometimes easier for these parents to direct what the child was learning than to try to adjust to virtual public schooling. When schools reopened for in-person learning, many parents considered it safer for their kids and their families to homeschool.
It’s important to make the distinction that homeschooling is not the same as public schools moving online. Homeschooling requires you to turn in a notice of intent with your child’s school district and that you’ll no longer be taking part in the public school system. You will be taking charge of your child’s education. You can find some tips for transition to homeschooling here.
Homeschooling is legal in all 50 U.S. states. Each state has its own regulations and laws surrounding homeschooling. Often these regulations include how to enroll your child in homeschooling, instructor qualifications, required days of instruction, required subjects to be taught, homeschool record-keeping, and testing.
Some states are more strict about homeschooling regulations than other states. These states require paperwork to be submitted throughout the school year, assessments to be completed annually, and mandated subjects to be taught. While many homeschooling families within these states do not mind the restrictions and do not find them difficult to comply with, some homeschooling families prefer states with more lax or no restrictions in place.
Whether you’re already homeschooling and moving out of state or trying homeschooling for the first time, it’s important to know what your state’s regulations are and which states are the easiest for homeschooling.
Alaska is one of the best states for homeschooling. Children between seven and 16 must be in school or comply with homeschool laws. Alaska’s homeschool laws are as follows:
Idaho requires children starting at age seven to attend school until their 16th birthday. Idaho’s homeschool laws are as follows:
Children who have had their sixth birthday in Illinois are required to attend school until 17 or high school graduation. Illinois’s homeschool laws are as follows:
Children in Indiana must attend school in which they will be seven years old until they turn 18 or graduate high school, whichever comes first. Indiana’s homeschool laws are as follows:
Any Michigan child who will be six years old before 12/01 must be enrolled in school until age 18. Compliance for homeschooling is as follows:
Missouri students must be enrolled from seven to 17. Missouri homeschool laws are as follows:
In New Jersey, students must be in school from six until 16. New Jersey homeschool compliance is as follows:
Oklahoma children between five and 18 years old must be enrolled in school. Homeschool laws in Oklahoma are as follows:
Children between the ages of six and 19 must be enrolled in some type of school until graduation or obtaining a GED. Texas compliance for homeschooling is as follows:
Laws and Regulations Rank
Students Enrolled In Home School per Capita Rank
Related Groups per Capita Rank
Access to State Sports and Extracurriculars
|Mississippi||73||Low||3||2||25||Varies by district|
|New Jersey||71||Low||1||48||48||Varies by district|
|Missouri||64||Moderate||13||5||14||Varies by district|
|Michigan||63||None||22||37||45||Varies by district|
|Kentucky||56||Low||23||25||43||Varies by district|
|Nebraska||53||Low||29||36||28||Varies by district|
|Virginia||53||Moderate||28||16||34||Varies by district|
|Hawaii||45||Low||36||8||5||Varies by district|
|North Carolina||28||Low||45||17||38||Varies by district|
|West Virginia||28||Moderate||45||9||17||Varies by district|
|New York||21||High||44||42||49||No access|