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Idaho
83
Indiana
83
Utah
82
Arkansas
81
Alaska
80
Arizona
78
Wyoming
76
Nevada
75
Texas
74
Mississippi
73
Kansas
72
Oklahoma
72
Louisiana
71
New Jersey
71
Illinois
70
Delaware
68
Iowa
68
Wisconsin
66
Florida
65
Missouri
64
Michigan
63
Connecticut
62
Montana
62
New Mexico
62
South Dakota
62
Alabama
58
Kentucky
56
Rhode Island
56
Maryland
54
Tennessee
54
Nebraska
53
Virginia
53
Massachusetts
48
New Hampshire
47
Vermont
47
Oregon
46
Hawaii
45
California
44
Georgia
44
Colorado
39
Maine
38
Ohio
35
Minnesota
32
North Dakota
32
Washington
32
South Carolina
31
North Carolina
28
West Virginia
28
Pennsylvania
23
New York
21

Best States to Homeschool 2023

Best States to Homeschool 2023

What is Homeschooling?

Homeschooling is the education of children at home or another place that is not a school. Homeschooling is typically conducted by a parent, home tutor, or online teacher.

Homeschooling and education by family members at home was a common practice for many years and in many cultures in the past. It declined in the 19th and 20th centuries as mandatory attendance laws began for schools. In the 1960s and 1970s, homeschooling became popular again as some people became dissatisfied with industrialized education.

##Growing Homeschool Popularity Amid the COVID-19 pandemic, many parents and caregivers found themselves considering homeschooling their kids. It was sometimes easier for these parents to direct what the child was learning than to try to adjust to virtual public schooling. When schools reopened for in-person learning, many parents considered it safer for their kids and their families to homeschool.

It’s important to make the distinction that homeschooling is not the same as public schools moving online. Homeschooling requires you to turn in a notice of intent with your child’s school district and that you’ll no longer be taking part in the public school system. You will be taking charge of your child’s education. You can find some tips for transition to homeschooling here.

Where is Homeschooling Legal

Homeschooling is legal in all 50 U.S. states. Each state has its own regulations and laws surrounding homeschooling. Often these regulations include how to enroll your child in homeschooling, instructor qualifications, required days of instruction, required subjects to be taught, homeschool record-keeping, and testing.

Some states are more strict about homeschooling regulations than other states. These states require paperwork to be submitted throughout the school year, assessments to be completed annually, and mandated subjects to be taught. While many homeschooling families within these states do not mind the restrictions and do not find them difficult to comply with, some homeschooling families prefer states with more lax or no restrictions in place.

Whether you’re already homeschooling and moving out of state or trying homeschooling for the first time, it’s important to know what your state’s regulations are and which states are the easiest for homeschooling.

Easiest States To Homeschool

Alaska

Alaska is one of the best states for homeschooling. Children between seven and 16 must be in school or comply with homeschool laws. Alaska’s homeschool laws are as follows:

  • You are not required to notify the school district that you are homeschooling, but you do need to send a withdrawal form if your child already attends an Alaska public school.
  • The instructor does not need to meet specific qualifications except for private tutors, who must be Alaska-certified teachers.
  • No required number of hours per day, days per year, or specific educational subjects that must be taught.
  • You do not need to keep records for your child
  • Independent homeschoolers are not required to have their child participate in testing

Idaho

Idaho requires children starting at age seven to attend school until their 16th birthday. Idaho’s homeschool laws are as follows:

  • You are not required to notify the school district that you are homeschooling, but you should contact your school to see if you need to send a withdrawal form
  • The instructor does not need to meet specific qualifications
  • There are no minimum hours per day, days per year, or testing requirements
  • Seven subjects must be taught: language arts and communication, mathematics, science, social studies, fine arts, health, and physical education
  • You do not need to keep records for your child

Illinois

Children who have had their sixth birthday in Illinois are required to attend school until 17 or high school graduation. Illinois’s homeschool laws are as follows:

  • You are not required to notify the school district that you are homeschooling, but you may need to send a withdrawal letter and send in a student records request for your child within 10 days of sending the letter
  • The instructor does not need to meet specific qualifications
  • There are no minimum hours per day, days per week, or testing requirements
  • Six subjects must be taught: language arts, mathematics, biological and physical sciences, social sciences, fine art, physical development, and health
  • You do not need to keep records for your child

Indiana

Children in Indiana must attend school in which they will be seven years old until they turn 18 or graduate high school, whichever comes first. Indiana’s homeschool laws are as follows:

  • You are not required to notify the school district that you are homeschooling, but you may need to send a withdrawal letter
  • The instructor does not need to meet specific qualifications
  • Students must be taught for the same number of days as a public school in session, usually 180 days per year
  • Students must receive “equivalent instruction” to public schools, but the part is left to determine what “equivalent instruction” is
  • You must keep a record of attendance for each homeschooled child
  • Students are not required to participate in testing

Michigan

Any Michigan child who will be six years old before 12/01 must be enrolled in school until age 18. Compliance for homeschooling is as follows:

  • You are not required to notify the school district that you are homeschooling, but you may need to send a withdrawal letter Instructors must be certified teachers, have a teaching permit, or hold a Bachelor’s degree if parents and caregivers choose to use the option to homeschool as part of a nonpublic school Those who choose to homeschool without operating a nonpublic school may be the instructor if they are educating their own children
  • There are no minimum hours per day, days per year, or testing requirements
  • Eight subjects must be taught: reading, spelling, mathematics, science, history, civics, literature, writing, and English grammar
  • You do not need to keep records for your child

Missouri

Missouri students must be enrolled from seven to 17. Missouri homeschool laws are as follows:

  • You are not required to notify the school district that you are homeschooling, but you may need to send a withdrawal letter to your superintendent
  • There are no specific qualifications for home school instructors
  • Homeschool students must receive 1000 hours of instruction per year with 600 of those hours being focused on the required subjects. 400 of those areas must be at the regular homeschool location.
  • You must keep records for all homeschooled children under 16 years old of subjects taught, samples of student's work, and evaluations (test results)

New Jersey

In New Jersey, students must be in school from six until 16. New Jersey homeschool compliance is as follows:

  • You are not required to notify the school district that you are homeschooling, but you may need to send a withdrawal letter to your superintendent
  • There are no specific qualifications for home school instructors
  • There are no required education subjects but you must offer “equivalent instruction” to a public school in the state
  • You are not required to keep any specific records
  • Homeschool students are not required to participate in testing

Oklahoma

Oklahoma children between five and 18 years old must be enrolled in school. Homeschool laws in Oklahoma are as follows:

  • You are not required to notify the school district that you are homeschooling, but you may want to notify them that your child will be kept home
  • There are no specific qualifications for home school instructors Students must receive a minimum of 180 days of instruction There are no required subjects or testing requirements
  • You do not need to keep records for your child

Texas

Children between the ages of six and 19 must be enrolled in some type of school until graduation or obtaining a GED. Texas compliance for homeschooling is as follows:

  • You are not required to notify the school district that you are homeschooling, but you may need to send a withdrawal letter to your superintendent
  • There are no minimum hours per day, days per year, or required testing There are five required educational subjects: math, spelling, grammar, reading, and good citizenship A written or online curriculum must be used
  • You do not need to keep records of your child’s homeschooling but it is encouraged

Here are the top 10 states that are best for homeschooling:

  1. Idaho: 83
  2. Indiana: 83
  3. Utah: 82
  4. Arkansas: 81
  5. Alaska: 80
  6. Arizona: 78
  7. Wyoming: 76
  8. Nevada: 75
  9. Texas: 74
  10. Mississippi: 73

Best States to Homeschool 2023

Notes:
- Total scores were determined by compiling each state's scores in each individual category. Scoring scale ranges from 0 to 100. Higher scores are preferable.

Download Table Data

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State
Total Score
Homeschooling Restrictions
Laws and Regulations Rank
Students Enrolled In Home School per Capita Rank
Related Groups per Capita Rank
Access to State Sports and Extracurriculars
Idaho83None8103Available
Indiana83None2199Available
Utah82None3732Available
Arkansas81None7157Available
Alaska80Low2111Available
Arizona78None112719Available
Wyoming76Low16122Available
Nevada75None16640Available
Texas74None132346Available
Mississippi73Low3225Varies by district
Kansas72None33822No access
Oklahoma72None81130No access
Louisiana71Low122124Available
New Jersey71Low14848Varies by district
Illinois70None83523No access
Delaware68Low3294No access
Iowa68Low132841Available
Wisconsin66Low164536Available
Florida65None292221Available
Missouri64Moderate13514Varies by district
Michigan63None223745Varies by district
Connecticut62None194713No access
Montana62Low232016Available
New Mexico62Low29315Available
South Dakota62Low23348Available
Alabama58Low201344No access
Kentucky56Low232543Varies by district
Rhode Island56Moderate235042Available
Maryland54Low231429No access
Tennessee54None38426Available
Nebraska53Low293628Varies by district
Virginia53Moderate281634Varies by district
Massachusetts48Low334937Available
New Hampshire47Low363010Available
Vermont47High333928Available
Oregon46Moderate352631Available
Hawaii45Low3685Varies by district
California44Low324050No access
Georgia44Low392411Available
Colorado39Low413212Available
Maine38Moderate40436Available
Ohio35Low434439Available
Minnesota32Moderate424633Available
North Dakota32Low454120Available
Washington32Low453135Available
South Carolina31Moderate451827Available
North Carolina28Low451738Varies by district
West Virginia28Moderate45917Varies by district
Pennsylvania23Moderate503347Available
New York21High444249No access
showing: 50 rows

Best States to Homeschool 2023

Sources