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Bridge Laws By State 2021

In 1975, the U.S. Congress enacted the bridge formula to limit the weight-length ratio of a vehicle crossing a bridge. This is done by increasing the distance between axels or by spreading weight over additional axles. The reason for the formula is because, during the 1950s and 1960s, trucks grew heavier and began putting too much strain on bridges on the interstate highways.

The bridge formula is calculated by multiplying the distance in feet between the outer axles of any group of two or more consecutive axles by the number of axles in the group under consideration. This number is then divided by the number of axles in the group under consideration minus one. After getting this quotient, add 36 and the product of 12 times the number of axles in the group under consideration to the quotient. This final number is then multiplied by 500 to get the overall gross weight on any group of two or more consecutive axles to the nearest 500 pounds.

In addition to the bridge formula weight limits, federal law states that gross weight vehicle is limit to 80,000 pounds.

States have given exemptions to different types of vehicles to operate above the standard federal truck size and weight limits. This exemption often only applies to non-Interstate highways.

Below is each state’s maximum gross weight limit. Each state’s interstate limit is 80,000 lbs. unless exempt or indicated that longer combination vehicles (LCV) are exempt.

Alabama

  • 84,000 lbs. on 6 axles

Alaska

  • Up to 145,000 lbs. on 11 axles
  • Exempt from the interstate weight limit

Arizona

  • 80,000 lbs.
  • Longer combination vehicles (LCV) exempt from the interstate limit

Arkansas

  • 80,000 lbs.

California

  • 80,000 lbs.

Colorado

  • 85,000 lbs.
  • Longer combination vehicles (LCV) exempt from the interstate limit

Connecticut

  • 80,000 lbs.

Delaware

  • 80,000 lbs. on 5 axles

District of Columbia

  • 80,000 lbs.

Florida

  • 80,000 lbs.

Georgia

  • 80,000 lbs.

Hawaii

  • 88,000 lbs.

Idaho

  • 105,500 on 6 axles
  • Longer combination vehicles (LCV) exempt from the interstate weight limit

Illinois

  • 73,280 lbs. on non-national highways

Indiana

  • 80,000 lbs.
  • Longer combination vehicles (LCV) exempt from the interstate weight limit

Iowa

  • 80,000 lbs.

Kansas

  • 85,500 lbs.
  • Longer combination vehicles (LCV) exempt from the interstate weight limit

Kentucky

  • 80,000 lbs.

Louisiana

  • 88,000 lbs. tri or quad axle

Maine

  • 90,000 lbs.

Maryland

  • 80,000 lbs.

Massachusetts

  • 80,000 lbs.

Michigan

  • 164,000 lbs. on 11 axles

Minnesota

  • 80,000 lbs. on 6 axles

Mississippi

  • 80,000 lbs. (57,650 on highway class)

Missouri

  • 73,280 lbs. (2,000 tolerance)
  • Longer combination vehicles (LCV) exempt from the interstate weight limit

Montana

  • 80,000 lbs.
  • Longer combination vehicles (LCV) exempt from the interstate weight limit

Nebraska

  • 95,000 on 7 axles

Nevada

  • Uncapped
  • Longer combination vehicles (LCV) exempt from the interstate weight limit

New Hampshire

  • 80,000 lbs.

New Jersey

  • 80,000 lbs.

New Mexico

  • 86,400 lbs.

New York

  • 80,000 lbs.

North Carolina

  • 80,000 lbs.

North Dakota

  • 105,500 lbs. on 7 axles
  • Longer combination vehicles (LCV) exempt from the interstate weight limit

Ohio

  • 80,000 lbs.
  • Longer combination vehicles (LCV) exempt from the interstate weight limit

Oklahoma

  • 90,000 lbs.
  • Longer combination vehicles (LCV) exempt from the interstate weight limit

Oregon

  • 80,000 lbs.
  • Longer combination vehicles (LCV) exempt from the interstate weight limit

Pennsylvania

  • 80,000 lbs.

Rhode Island

  • 80,000 lbs.

South Carolina

  • 80,000 lbs.

South Dakota

  • Uncapped
  • Longer combination vehicles (LCV) exempt from the interstate weight limit

Tennessee

  • 80,000 lbs.

Texas

  • 80,000 lbs.

Utah

  • 80,000 lbs.
  • Longer combination vehicles (LCV) exempt from the interstate weight limit

Vermont

  • 80,000 lbs.

Virginia

  • 80,000 lbs.

Washington

  • 80,000 lbs.

West Virginia

  • 65,000 lbs. (73,500 lbs. on some highways)

Wisconsin

  • 80,000 lbs.

Wyoming

  • 117,000 on 8 axles

Here are the 10 states with the most sun:

  1. Michigan (164,000)
  2. Alaska (145,000)
  3. Wyoming (117,000)
  4. Idaho (105,500)
  5. North Dakota (105,500)
  6. Nebraska (95,000)
  7. Maine (90,000)
  8. Oklahoma (90,000)
  9. Hawaii (88,000)
  10. Louisiana (88,000)

Bridge Laws By State 2021

State Bridge Weight Limit Bridge Axle Limit Bridge Weight Limit Exemption
Michigan164,00011No
Alaska145,00011Yes
Wyoming117,0008No
North Dakota105,5007LCV
Idaho105,5006LCV
Nebraska95,0007No
Oklahoma90,000LCV
Maine90,000No
Louisiana88,0004No
Hawaii88,000No
New Mexico86,400No
Kansas85,500LCV
Colorado85,000LCV
Alabama84,0006No
Wisconsin80,000No
Washington80,000No
Virginia80,000No
Vermont80,000No
Utah80,000LCV
Texas80,000No
Tennessee80,000No
South Carolina80,000No
Rhode Island80,000No
Pennsylvania80,000No
Oregon80,000LCV
Ohio80,000LCV
North Carolina80,000No
New York80,000No
New Jersey80,000No
New Hampshire80,000No
Montana80,000LCV
Mississippi80,000No
Minnesota80,0006No
Massachusetts80,000No
Maryland80,000No
Kentucky80,000No
Iowa80,000No
Indiana80,000LCV
Georgia80,000No
Florida80,000No
Delaware80,0005No
Connecticut80,000No
California80,000No
Arkansas80,000No
Arizona80,000LCV
West Virginia73,500No
Missouri73,280LCV
Illinois73,280No
South DakotaLCV
NevadaLCV

Bridge Laws By State 2021