Deer Population by State 2022

States With Large Deer Populations

There are many states that contain large deer populations, chief of which are states that naturally enjoy a lot of wildlife. The largest available diversity and population is in Wisconsin. Wisconsin has continued to be the state with the largest number of deer available per square mile, with Buffalo County having the largest number of deer. Many hunters migrate to this location during the hunting season and it is the most coveted spot for the game. Notably, although it is the county with the largest deer population, it does not necessarily have the highest production quality. Many other countries, including Kenosha, Wood, and Columbia have that honor - showing that the maintenance of their diversity is much more prized.

In fact, most northern states are amongst the top five in terms of the deer population. Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota, and Ohio are 2nd, 3rd, 4th, and 5th on the list, respectively. They continue to contend for the number one position every year. It is worth mentioning, however, that although these states have the highest deer population, they are not necessarily among the top producers of deer meat, pelts, and other resources derived from cervids.

States With Minimal Deer Populations

There are many factors that limit the number of deer in a certain state, county, or region. The first thing that may come to mind is the idea that more metropolitan areas would scare away the deer, or have more of a negative effect on the hunting laws in the area. With California, New York, Florida, and Texas being amongst the most populous states with larger cities, they are surprisingly not amongst the states with the least deer population.

Number one on the list of the smallest deer population is Oregon, with a whopping 0.1 deer per square mile. Oregon is a prime location for hunting, but in recent years the population has diminished substantially. For example, recent outbreaks of EHD and AHD have affected hunting laws and have negatively impacted most game in the area. Furthermore, due to the Oregon region, most of the deer population is located in the eastern part of the state, where they regularly migrate across state lines throughout the year. Deer populations throughout Oregon and the Western U.S have been on a drastic decline over the past years.

How Is the Population Impacted?

Deer have been a staple foodstuff throughout the United States since the early 1900s. In fact, over half a million of these animals have been spread throughout the land. Over the last century, the deer population has overall increased drastically, but has been on a steady decline in many native areas, including the reduction of species diversity. White-tailed deer remain in the driver's seat, as there are multiple sightings of them throughout the year. Many laws have been introduced since the start of the 20th century, including farming and restrictions on hunting and harvesting practices. One such practice prohibits the harvest of female deer (those who are antlerless) in an attempt to keep the population from being exterminated.

Deer Population by State 2022