Dog Breeding Laws Vary from State to State
Most states have dog breeding laws that apply to commercial pet breeders. Someone who breeds a litter or two of dogs each year as a hobby is usually referred to as a 'hobby breeder' and these laws do not apply to them.
However, the states of Alabama, Alaska, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Kentucky, Mississippi, Montana, and the District of Columbia do not have any laws about commercial pet breeders. Some other states that do not have such laws include New Hampshire, New York, New Mexico, North Dakota, North Carolina, South Dakota, South Carolina, Rhode Island, Utah, and Wyoming. When you look at dog breeding laws by state, these states have the least restrictions for commercial pet breeders.
Most States Require Certain Standards of Care
As with many things, the standards of care for dogs owned by commercial pet breeders are not uniform across all states. However, one thing that is consistent is that the vast majority of states have some requirements for the standards of care for those dogs. For example, the state of California requires that commercial pet breeders provide portable water, adequate nutrition, sanitary conditions, 'adequate space' that is sufficient for the breed, weight, size, and age of dog, adequate exercise and socialization, and veterinary care without delay when the dogs require it.
Additionally, commercial pet breeders in California also have to provide a floormat, rest board, or another similar device that can be kept sanitary. One more requirement in California is that staff have to wash their hands before and after handling any contagious or infectious dogs.
The Majority of States Require Inspections for Commercial Pet Breeders
Another common requirement for commercial pet breeders across the United States is regular inspections. Some states, like the state of Arizona, only require inspections of commercial pet breeders who have more than 20 dogs and are applying for a kennel permit. However, other states, like Connecticut, allow the Chief Animal Control Officer, the commissioner, or any state animal control officer to inspect any kennel where dogs are housed or bred at any time.
Kansas is another state that requires inspections in order to grant a commercial pet breeder permit or license. However, there are some exceptions to the inspection requirement. The state of Indiana, for example, does not require inspections of commercial pet breeders.
Every State with Commercial Pet Breeder Laws Imposes Penalties for Violations
Commercial pet breeder laws vary quite a bit from state to state. However, one similarity that exists when you look at dog breeding laws by state for commercial pet breeders is that all states with commercial pet breeder laws penalize anyone who violates these laws. The severity of the penalties also differs from state to state.
However, in quite a few states, violating commercial pet breeder laws constitutes some kind of misdemeanor offense. For example, in Arizona, anyone who knowingly fails to get a kennel permit within 30 days after the county enforcement agent notifies them that they have to do so has committed a class 2 misdemeanor. Penalties include fines, revocation of licenses, criminal penalties, and mandated improvement periods in which the offender must resolve their violation of commercial pet breeder laws. It is worth noting that these laws mentioned above do not apply to humane societies, pet shops, dog boarding kennels, and animal rescue organizations.