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Federal Aid By State 2021

Federal aid is allocated to states for a variety of purposes. After the federal government generates revenue from taxes, it is redistributed to the states based on need. Not all states benefit equally from this redistribution.

Federal aid is distributed to states for transportation, public education, Medicaid, community development, and other programs vital to residents.

States that receive more federal aid tend to have poorer populations, lower tax revenues, and have more assistance programs such as Medicaid. States with higher income residents tend to receive less federal aid.

Federal aid can be allocated in the form of competitive grants, which are likely to fluctuate from year to year. Federal aid is also awarded from formula grants that incorporate population and poverty statistics.

California receives the highest total amount of federal funding at $43.61 billion. California, however, only receives net federal funding of $12 per resident.

The ten states with the highest total federal funding are:

  1. California ($43.61 billion)
  2. Texas ($26.90 billion)
  3. Florida ($23.77 billion)
  4. New York ($22.06 billion)
  5. Virginia ($17.68 billion)
  6. Pennsylvania ($15.58 billion)
  7. Illinois ($13.18 billion)
  8. Ohio ($12.57 billion)
  9. North Carolina ($11.31 billion)
  10. Michigan ($10.84 billion)

Net federal funding per resident is the amount that a state received per capita from the government minus the amount that residents and organizations paid the government per capita.

Virginia has the highest net federal funding per resident at $10,301 per resident. Unlike the previously mentioned trend, Virginia receives disproportionately high federal aid despite being one of the U.S.'s wealthier states. This could be attributed to their large defense contracting sectors.

On the opposite end, some states have negative net federal funding. These states have paid to the federal government in taxes more than they receive back in aid. New Jersey has the largest negative net federal funding of -$2,368 per resident, followed by Massachusetts with -$2,343 per resident.

The ten states with the lowest net federal funding per resident are:

  1. New Jersey (-$2,368)
  2. Massachusetts (-$2,343)
  3. New York (-$1,792)
  4. North Dakota (-$720)
  5. Illinois (-$364)
  6. New Hampshire (-$234)
  7. Washington (-$184)
  8. Nebraska (-$164)
  9. Colorado (-$95)
  10. California ($12)

Here are the 10 states with the most federal funding per resident:

  1. Virginia ($10,301)
  2. Kentucky ($9,145)
  3. New Mexico ($8,692)
  4. West Virginia ($7,283)
  5. Alaska ($7,048)
  6. Mississippi ($6,880)
  7. Alabama ($6,694)
  8. Maryland ($6,035)
  9. Maine ($5,572)
  10. Hawaii ($5,270)

Federal Aid By State 2021

State Federal Funding Per Resident Total Federal Funding Benefits Recipients Median Household Income
Virginia$10,301$1.77 Bn0.08%$74,222
Kentucky$9,145$70.80 Bn0.14%$50,589
New Mexico$8,692$31.70 Bn0.17%$49,754
West Virginia$7,283$24.60 Bn0.17%$46,711
Alaska$7,048$13.00 Bn0.11%$77,640
Mississippi$6,880$37.80 Bn0.15%$45,081
Alabama$6,694$65.80 Bn0.14%$50,536
Maryland$6,035$105.10 Bn0.10%$84,805
Maine$5,572$17.40 Bn0.13%$57,918
Hawaii$5,270$19.90 Bn0.11%$81,275
Arkansas$5,080$35.10 Bn0.12%$47,597
South Carolina$5,008$59.70 Bn0.12%$53,199
Arizona$4,430$82.80 Bn0.11%$58,945
Oklahoma$3,986$45.10 Bn0.13%$52,919
Missouri$3,949$72.30 Bn0.11%$55,461
Montana$3,808$12.20 Bn0.09%$54,970
Louisiana$3,785$52.00 Bn0.16%$49,469
Vermont$3,741$8.00 Bn0.11%$61,973
Tennessee$3,591$76.30 Bn0.14%$53,320
Idaho$3,428$17.50 Bn0.10%$55,785
North Carolina$3,358$113.10 Bn0.12%$54,602
Delaware$2,892$11.50 Bn0.10%$68,287
Ohio$2,750$125.70 Bn0.13%$56,602
Oregon$2,477$45.70 Bn0.15%$62,818
Michigan$2,474$108.40 Bn0.13%$57,144
Indiana$2,359$67.80 Bn0.09%$56,303
Pennsylvania$2,299$155.80 Bn0.13%$61,744
Georgia$2,253$104.50 Bn0.13%$58,700
Rhode Island$2,228$12.60 Bn0.15%$67,167
Florida$2,187$237.70 Bn0.14%$55,660
Kansas$1,983$31.30 Bn0.08%$59,597
South Dakota$1,409$9.30 Bn0.09%$58,275
Nevada$1,140$28.70 Bn0.12%$60,365
Iowa$1,105$29.90 Bn0.10%$60,523
Minnesota$959$64.40 Bn0.08%$71,306
Wyoming$670$7.10 Bn0.06%$64,049
Wisconsin$536$55.40 Bn0.11%$61,747
Texas$304$269.00 Bn0.12%$61,874
Utah$296$23.90 Bn0.07%$71,621
California$12$436.10 Bn0.09%$75,235
Colorado-$95$57.50 Bn0.08%$72,331
Nebraska-$164$17.70 Bn0.08%$61,439
Washington-$184$80.50 Bn0.12%$73,775
New Hampshire-$234$15.00 Bn0.07%$76,768
Illinois-$364$131.80 Bn0.13%$65,886
North Dakota-$720$7.90 Bn0.06%$64,894
New York-$1,792$220.60 Bn0.15%$68,486
Massachusetts-$2,343$78.70 Bn0.12%$81,215
New Jersey-$2,368$97.70 Bn0.09%$82,545
Connecticut-$4,000$41.10 Bn0.12%$78,444

Federal Aid By State 2021