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Federal Aid by State 2020

Federal aid is allocated to states for a variety of purposes. After the federal government generates revenue from taxes, it is redistributed to the states based on need. Not all states benefit equally from this redistribution.

Federal aid is distributed to states for transportation, public education, Medicaid, community development, and other programs vital to residents.

States that receive more federal aid tend to have poorer populations, lower tax revenues and have more assistance programs such as Medicaid. States with higher income residents tend to receive less federal aid.

Federal aid can be allocated in the form of competitive grants, which are likely to fluctuate from year to year. Federal aid is also awarded from formula grants that incorporate population and poverty statistics.

California receives the highest total amount of federal funding at $43.61 billion. California, however, only receives net federal funding of $12 per resident.

The ten states with the highest total federal funding are:

  1. California ($43.61 billion)
  2. Texas ($26.90 billion)
  3. Florida ($23.77 billion)
  4. New York ($22.06 billion)
  5. Virginia ($17.68 billion)
  6. Pennsylvania ($15.58 billion)
  7. Illinois ($13.18 billion)
  8. Ohio ($12.57 billion)
  9. North Carolina ($11.31 billion)
  10. Michigan ($10.84 billion)

Net federal funding per resident is the amount that a state received per capita from the government minus the amount that residents and organizations paid the government per capita.

Virginia has the highest net federal funding per resident at $10,301 per resident. Unlike the previously mentioned trend, Virginia receives disproportionately high federal aid despite being one of the wealthier states in the US. This is could be attributed to their large defense contracting sectors.

On the opposite end, there are some states that have negative net federal funding. These states have paid to the federal government in taxes more than they receive back in aid. New Jersey has the largest negative net federal funding of -$2,368 per resident, closely followed by Massachusetts with -$2,343 per resident.

The ten states with the lowest net federal funding per resident are:

  1. New Jersey (-$2,368)
  2. Massachusetts (-$2,343)
  3. New York (-$1,792)
  4. North Dakota (-$720)
  5. Illinois (-$364)
  6. New Hampshire (-$234)
  7. Washington (-$184)
  8. Nebraska (-$164)
  9. Colorado (-$95)
  10. California ($12)

Here are the 10 states with the most federal funding per resident:

  1. Virginia ($10,301)
  2. Kentucky ($9,145)
  3. New Mexico ($8,692)
  4. West Virginia ($7,283)
  5. Alaska ($7,048)
  6. Mississippi ($6,880)
  7. Alabama ($6,694)
  8. Maryland ($6,035)
  9. Maine ($5,572)
  10. Hawaii ($5,270)

Federal Aid by State 2020

State Federal Funding Per Resident Total Federal Funding Benefits Recipients Median Household Income
Virginia$10,301$176.80 Bn8.10%$71,535
Kentucky$9,145$70.80 Bn14.10%$48,375
New Mexico$8,692$31.70 Bn17.40%$46,744
West Virginia$7,283$24.60 Bn16.80%$43,469
Alaska$7,048$13.00 Bn10.80%$73,181
Mississippi$6,880$37.80 Bn15.30%$43,529
Alabama$6,694$65.80 Bn14.00%$48,123
Maryland$6,035$105.10 Bn10.30%$80,776
Maine$5,572$17.40 Bn12.80%$56,277
Hawaii$5,270$19.90 Bn10.70%$77,765
Arkansas$5,080$35.10 Bn11.80%$45,869
South Carolina$5,008$59.70 Bn12.30%$50,570
Arizona$4,430$82.80 Bn10.80%$56,581
Oklahoma$3,986$45.10 Bn13.20%$50,051
Missouri$3,949$72.30 Bn11.00%$53,578
Montana$3,808$12.20 Bn9.40%$53,386
Louisiana$3,785$52.00 Bn16.40%$46,145
Vermont$3,741$8.00 Bn11.50%$57,513
Tennessee$3,591$76.30 Bn13.50%$51,340
Idaho$3,428$17.50 Bn9.70%$52,225
North Carolina$3,358$113.10 Bn12.30%$52,752
Delaware$2,892$11.50 Bn10.40%$62,852
Ohio$2,750$125.70 Bn13.20%$54,021
Oregon$2,477$45.70 Bn15.40%$60,212
Michigan$2,474$108.40 Bn13.10%$54,909
Indiana$2,359$67.80 Bn9.30%$54,181
Pennsylvania$2,299$155.80 Bn12.90%$59,195
Georgia$2,253$104.50 Bn12.60%$56,183
Rhode Island$2,228$12.60 Bn15.40%$63,870
Florida$2,187$237.70 Bn13.60%$52,594
Kansas$1,983$31.30 Bn7.70%$56,422
South Dakota$1,409$9.30 Bn8.90%$56,521
Nevada$1,140$28.70 Bn12.20%$58,003
Iowa$1,105$29.90 Bn9.60%$58,570
Minnesota$959$64.40 Bn7.80%$68,388
Wyoming$670$7.10 Bn6.30%$60,434
Wisconsin$536$55.40 Bn10.60%$59,305
Texas$304$269.00 Bn12.00%$59,206
Utah$296$23.90 Bn6.80%$68,358
California$12$436.10 Bn8.90%$71,805
Colorado-$95$57.50 Bn7.60%$69,117
Nebraska-$164$17.70 Bn8.30%$59,970
Washington-$184$80.50 Bn12.30%$70,979
New Hampshire-$234$15.00 Bn7.00%$73,381
Illinois-$364$131.80 Bn12.90%$62,992
North Dakota-$720$7.90 Bn6.30%$61,843
New York-$1,792$220.60 Bn14.80%$64,894
Massachusetts-$2,343$78.70 Bn11.70%$77,385
New Jersey-$2,368$97.70 Bn8.90%$80,088
Connecticut-$4,000$41.10 Bn12.00%$74,168