Free States 2020

Which states were free states?

The American Civil War was a war fought in the United States from 1862 to 1865. The war was fought between the North (the Union) and the South (the Confederacy) primarily due to the controversy over the enslavement of black people.

In February 1861, seven slave states of the South seceded from the country and organized the Confederate States of America. A total of 13 states joined the Confederate States. War broke out in April of 1861 when secessionist forces of the Confederate States attacked Fort Sumter.

At the end of the Civil War, the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution abolished slavery throughout the United States.

Just before the Civil War, the United States had 34 total states, 19 of which were free states and 15 of which were slave states. A free state was a state in which slavery was either prohibited or being phased out. A slave state was one in which slavery was legal.

Free states were generally located in the Union, and slave states were located in the Confederacy. The Mason-Dixon line was a boundary between Maryland and Pennsylvania that served as a dividing line between the slave states and the free states. At this time, however, there were also territories in the western United States that didn’t necessarily follow the North-South divide when it came to slavery. Throughout the Civil War, some states become free states while some became free only at the end of the Civil War with the ratification of the Thirteenth Amendment.

Free States Prior to the Civil War

  • California
  • Connecticut
  • Illinois
  • Indiana
  • Iowa
  • Maine
  • Massachusetts
  • Michigan
  • New Hampshire
  • New York
  • New Jersey
  • Ohio
  • Pennsylvania
  • Rhode Island
  • Vermont
  • Wisconsin

Slave States Prior to the Civil War

  • Alabama
  • Arkansas
  • Delaware
  • Florida
  • Georgia
  • Kentucky
  • Louisiana
  • Maryland
  • Mississippi
  • Missouri
  • North Carolina
  • South Carolina
  • Tennessee
  • Texas
  • Virginia

Civil War Free States

  • California
  • Connecticut
  • Illinois
  • Indiana
  • Iowa
  • Kansas
  • Maine
  • Massachusetts
  • Michigan
  • Minnesota
  • Nevada
  • New Hampshire
  • New Jersey
  • New York
  • Ohio
  • Oregon
  • Pennsylvania
  • Rhode Island
  • Vermont
  • West Virginia
  • Wisconsin

Civil War Slave States

  • Alabama
  • Arkansas
  • Florida
  • Georgia
  • Louisiana
  • Mississippi
  • North Carolina
  • South Carolina
  • Tennessee
  • Texas Virginia
State 2020 Pop.
Alabama4,908,620
Alaska734,002
Arizona7,378,490
Arkansas3,039,000
California39,937,500
Colorado5,845,530
Connecticut3,563,080
Delaware982,895
District of Columbia720,687
Florida21,993,000
Georgia10,736,100
Hawaii1,412,690
Idaho1,826,160
Illinois12,659,700
Indiana6,745,350
Iowa3,179,850
Kansas2,910,360
Kentucky4,499,690
Louisiana4,645,180
Maine1,345,790
Maryland6,083,120
Massachusetts6,976,600
Michigan10,045,000
Minnesota5,700,670
Mississippi2,989,260
Missouri6,169,270
Montana1,086,760
Nebraska1,952,570
Nevada3,139,660
New Hampshire1,371,250
New Jersey8,936,570
New Mexico2,096,640
New York19,440,500
North Carolina10,611,900
North Dakota761,723
Ohio11,747,700
Oklahoma3,954,820
Oregon4,301,090
Pennsylvania12,820,900
Rhode Island1,056,160
South Carolina5,210,100
South Dakota903,027
Tennessee6,897,580
Texas29,472,300
Utah3,282,120
Vermont628,061
Virginia8,626,210
Washington7,797,100
West Virginia1,778,070
Wisconsin5,851,750
Wyoming567,025