Number Of Representatives By State 2020

The United States Congress is composed of two houses: the House of Representatives and the Senate. Both houses together form the national legislature of the United States.

The composition of the House is established by Article One of the Constitution. The House is in charge of passing federal legislation (bills), which are then sent to the president for consideration. Additionally, the House has several exclusive powers such as impeaching federal officers and electing one of the top three recipients for president if no candidate receives a majority of electors.

Members of the House of Representatives serve two-year terms and are considered for reelection every even calendar year (the next reelections will be 2020, 2022, 2024, and so on). There are a total of 435 members in the House of Representatives, 235 of which are affiliated with the Democratic Party, 199 are affiliated with the Republican Party, and one is affiliated with the Independent Party.

In 1941, Congress permanently adopted the “Method of Equal Proportion” to determine how many representatives each state is apportioned. This means that each state’s number of representatives is determined by the state’s population.

Given this, the ten states with the highest number of representatives are:

  1. California (53)
  2. Texas (36)
  3. New York (27)
  4. Florida (27)
  5. Illinois (18)
  6. Pennsylvania (18)
  7. Ohio (16)
  8. Michigan (14)
  9. Georgia (14)
  10. North Carolina (14)

California has the highest number of representatives with 53 at a population of 39,747,267. Texas is the second highest with 36 representatives and a population of 29,087,070.

Seven states have only one member in the House of Representatives: Montana, Delaware, South Dakota, North Dakota, Alaska, Vermont, and Wyoming.

Below is a table of each state’s number of representatives.

Number Of Representatives By State 2020

State Number of Representatives Seats 2020 Pop.
Alaska1734,002
Delaware1982,895
Montana11,086,760
North Dakota1761,723
South Dakota1903,027
Vermont1628,061
Wyoming1567,025
Hawaii21,412,690
Idaho21,826,160
Maine21,345,790
New Hampshire21,371,250
Rhode Island21,056,160
Nebraska31,952,570
New Mexico32,096,640
West Virginia31,778,070
Arkansas43,039,000
Iowa43,179,850
Kansas42,910,360
Mississippi42,989,260
Nevada43,139,660
Utah43,282,120
Connecticut53,563,080
Oklahoma53,954,820
Oregon54,301,090
Kentucky64,499,690
Louisiana64,645,180
Alabama74,908,620
Colorado75,845,530
South Carolina75,210,100
Maryland86,083,120
Minnesota85,700,670
Missouri86,169,270
Wisconsin85,851,750
Arizona97,378,490
Indiana96,745,350
Massachusetts96,976,600
Tennessee96,897,580
Washington107,797,100
Virginia118,626,210
New Jersey128,936,570
North Carolina1310,611,900
Georgia1410,736,100
Michigan1410,045,000
Ohio1611,747,700
Illinois1812,659,700
Pennsylvania1812,820,900
Florida2721,993,000
New York2719,440,500
Texas3629,472,300
California5339,937,500