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States With Stand Your Ground Laws 2022

Gun control and violence in the United States has been a controversial topic, particularly in recent years. Some citizens and politicians push for gun control, while others believe that the country’s laws surrounding guns should remain the same. Gun laws vary by state, including regulations on purchasing firearms and concealed or open carry permits and laws. One particularly controversial law is the “stand your ground” law.

Stand your ground laws allow a person to use force if necessary if there is a threat of harm. Many self-defense laws state that a person that believes they are being threatened with personal injury has a duty to retreat. If there is a continued threat after leaving, the threatened person is permitted to use force to defend themselves. In stand your ground states, there is no duty to retreat.

For example, a robber comes into the home of a person who is sleeping. The person awakens and investigates the noises and is met by the robber holding a gun. In states with stand your ground laws, the threatened person could respond with force – including using their own gun, if one is owned – if necessary. A person that defends themselves in such a situation would not have to worry about criminal prosecution.

Opponents of stand your ground laws often believe that such laws can be dangerous. For example, a person could shoot first when there isn’t a real threat. One such instance was the case against George Zimmerman, who faced criminal charges following the shooting death of Trayvon Martin. Zimmerman was later acquitted of the charges.

Several states have adopted stand your ground laws. Those states are: Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nevada, New Hampshire, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, TExas, Utah, West Virginia, and Wyoming.

Some states use stand your ground in practice, such as through jury instructions or case law. These states are California, Colorado, Illinois, New MExico, Oregon, Virginia, and Washington. Some states have also adopted stand your ground laws, but these laws only apply when a person is in their vehicle. These states are North Dakota, Ohio, and Wisconsin.

Finally, there are states with castle doctrine, which allows a person to defend themselves using force while in the home or their vehicles, but have a duty to retreat in public places. These states are Arkansas, Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Nebraska, New York, New Jersey, and Rhode Island.

States With Stand Your Ground Laws 2022

State 2022 Pop.
Alabama4,949,697
Alaska720,763
Arizona7,640,796
California39,664,128
Colorado5,961,083
Florida22,177,997
Georgia10,936,299
Idaho1,896,652
Illinois12,518,071
Indiana6,842,385
Iowa3,174,426
Kansas2,919,179
Kentucky4,487,233
Louisiana4,616,106
Michigan9,995,212
Mississippi2,961,536
Missouri6,184,843
Montana1,093,117
Nevada3,238,601
New Hampshire1,378,449
New Mexico2,109,093
North Carolina10,807,491
Ohio11,727,377
Oklahoma4,007,179
Oregon4,325,290
Pennsylvania12,805,190
South Carolina5,342,388
South Dakota902,542
Tennessee7,001,803
Texas30,097,526
Utah3,363,182
Vermont622,882
Virginia8,638,218
Washington7,887,965
West Virginia1,755,715
Wyoming582,233

States With Stand Your Ground Laws 2022

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