States With Stand Your Ground Laws 2020

Gun violence in the United States has been a controversial topic, particularly in recent years. Some citizens and politicians push for gun control, while others believe that the country’s laws surrounding guns should remain the same. One law that is particularly controversial is the “stand your ground” law.

Stand your ground laws allow a person to use force if necessary if there is a threat of harm. Many self-defense laws state that a person that believes they are being threatened with personal injury has a duty to retreat. If there is a continued threat after leaving, the threatened person is permitted to use force to defend themselves. In stand your ground states, there is no duty to retreat.

For example, a robber comes into the home of a person who is sleeping. The person awakens and investigates the noises and is met by the robber, who is holding a gun. In states with stand your ground laws, the threatened person could respond with force – including using their own gun, if one is owned – if necessary. A person that defends themselves in such a situation would not have to worry about criminal prosecution.

Opponents of stand your ground laws often believe that such laws can be dangerous. For example, a person could shoot first when there isn’t a real threat. One such instance was the case against George Zimmerman, who faced criminal charges following the shooting death of Trayvon Martin. Zimmerman was later acquitted of the charges.

There are several states that have adopted stand your ground laws. Those states are:

Some states use stand your ground in practice, such as through jury instructions or case law. These states are:

Some states have also adopted stand your ground laws, but these laws only apply when a person is in their vehicle. These states are:

Finally, there are states with castle doctrine, which allows a person to defend themselves using force while in the home or their vehicles, but have a duty to retreat in public places. These states are:

States With Stand Your Ground Laws 2020

State 2020 Pop.
Alabama4,908,620
Alaska734,002
Arizona7,378,490
Florida21,993,000
Georgia10,736,100
Idaho1,826,160
Indiana6,745,350
Iowa3,179,850
Kansas2,910,360
Kentucky4,499,690
Louisiana4,645,180
Michigan10,045,000
Mississippi2,989,260
Missouri6,169,270
Montana1,086,760
Nevada3,139,660
New Hampshire1,371,250
North Carolina10,611,900
Oklahoma3,954,820
Pennsylvania12,820,900
South Carolina5,210,100
South Dakota903,027
Tennessee6,897,580
Texas29,472,300
Utah3,282,120
West Virginia1,778,070
Wyoming567,025