Spain Population 2020 (Live)

46,754,756

Spain’s population peaked at 47.08 million people in 2011. In the years following, Spain’s population declined until 2017 when it began increasing again back to 46.75 million in 2020. Between 2016 and 2020, the population increased at very small rates between 0.03% and 0.1%.

After 2021, however, the country is expected to experience another population decline that is projected to be much steeper later in the century. Spain's population is projected to decline to 33.33 million people by 2099.

Spain’s fertility rate is at one of its lowest levels in decades at 1.35 births per woman. This is far below the population replacement rate of 2.1 births per woman. This is in part because Spain has a difficult labor market and fewer work-life balance policies, making it hard for young people to create families.

The current population of Spain is 46,754,756, based on projections of the latest United Nations data. The UN estimates the July 1, 2020 population at 46,754,778.

Spain Growth Rate

Spain Population 2020 (Live)

Name Population
Madrid3,255,944
Barcelona1,621,537
Valencia814,208
Sevilla703,206
Zaragoza674,317
Malaga568,305
Murcia436,870
Palma401,270
Las Palmas de Gran Canaria381,847
Bilbao354,860

Spain Area and Population Density

According to the census in 2008, Spain had about 46,157,822 inhabitants. 505,992 square kilometers make up the total surface area of this country. This translated to a population density of about 91.4 people per square kilometer, or 229 per square mile. The population density is lower than that of most other Western European Countries. With the exception of Madrid, the capital of Spain, the populous regions in the Kingdom of Spain are along the coastline of the country.

Largest Cities in Spain

Spain has a fairly high rate of people living in urban populations and as such as several sizable cities. The two largest are Madrid and Barcelona, which have populations of 6,155,116 and 5,179,243, respectively. Other notable large cities are Valencia, Seville, Bilbao, and Malaga - all of which have populations slightly above or below one million.

Spain Population Density Map

Source:
Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
202046,754,7780.04%93.7330119
201946,736,7760.09%93.7030116
201846,692,8580.10%93.6130116
201746,647,4280.03%93.5230116
201646,634,140-0.08%93.4930116
201546,671,926-0.11%93.5730115
201046,931,0151.29%94.0927109
200544,019,1231.52%88.2528109
200040,824,7540.52%81.8528112
199539,787,4190.30%79.7728110
199039,202,5250.24%78.5926113
198538,733,8760.54%77.6525105
198037,698,1960.99%75.5824102
197535,879,2091.15%71.932297
197033,883,7491.06%67.932297
196532,146,2631.12%64.451896
196030,402,4110.92%60.951895
195529,048,3950.69%58.241789
195028,069,7350.00%56.271687

Spain Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
202046,754,7780.04%93.7330119
202546,577,094-0.08%93.3834124
203046,230,140-0.15%92.6836125
203545,780,170-0.19%91.7838129
204045,224,891-0.24%90.6739131
204544,536,596-0.31%89.2946138
205043,637,410-0.41%87.4847143
205542,459,988-0.55%85.1251144
206041,045,955-0.68%82.2955147
206539,520,064-0.76%79.2357149
207038,027,228-0.77%76.2457151
207536,725,383-0.69%73.6360154
208035,720,268-0.55%71.6162155
208534,986,921-0.41%70.1462156
209034,389,124-0.34%68.9462155
209533,810,791-0.34%67.7862155

Spain Population by Year (Projections)

Spain Population Pyramid 2020

Spain Population by Age

There are 38,598,224 adults in Spain.

Spain Population Pyramid

Spain’s population peaked at 47.08 million people in 2011. In the years following, Spain’s population declined until 2017 when it began increasing again back to 46.75 million in 2020. Between 2016 and 2020, the population increased at very small rates between 0.03% and 0.1%.

After 2021, however, the country is expected to experience another population decline that is projected to be much steeper later in the century. Spain's population is projected to decline to 33.33 million people by 2099.

Spain’s fertility rate is at one of its lowest levels in decades at 1.35 births per woman. This is far below the population replacement rate of 2.1 births per woman. This is in part because Spain has a difficult labor market and fewer work-life balance policies, making it hard for young people to create families.

About Spain

  1. National Statistical Office
  2. National Statistical Office
  3. UN World Population Prospects (2019 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    <p>Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1950, 1960, 1970, 1981, 1991, 2001 and 2011 censuses, with official population estimates through 2015, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.</p>

  4. GeoNames Gazetteer