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Collectivist

Yes

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Collectivist Countries 2024

Collectivism and individualism describe two values that lie on a spectrum apart from each other, and these two values have an immense impact on a country’s culture. Many Western countries tend towards individualism, as they value individual liberty and freedom and see it as the key to human flourishing. However, other countries see the individual as embedded within social relationships and appreciate the collective well-being of the group over the rights of the individual. Cultures in non-Western countries, such as South America, Central America, Asia, and Africa, tend towards collectivism and the well-being of the interconnected web of social relationships over the unbridled rights of the individual.

An extreme level of collectivism is found in the political ideology of communism, which forms the basis of several state governments. In a communist country, the individual has no rights, and human life is expendable. For example, in the communist Soviet Union, the dictator Josef Stalin collectivized farming so that all farmers worked on massive state-owned, state-run farms instead of working their land. In the process, millions of peasant farmers and their families starved to death. Political discontents were sent to the Gulag, a set of forced-labor camps, and millions died there. Today, North Korea and China are communist countries known for repressing any political opposition and killing many of their citizens. The reason for killing so many people was that their lives had to be sacrificed for the good of the communist state.

Nevertheless, collectivism does not always mean that a country espouses communist values or has a communist government. Many countries in Europe have socialist governments, which prioritize the well-being of all members of society rather than those who are wealthy enough to afford private services. The socialist country of Finland has the highest rate of happiness in the world, and many other socialist countries also have high levels of bliss.

Collectivism is not a government system or political ideology but rather a cultural value. Studies show that when cultures value groups of people and see individuals as social beings who are part of a web of relationships, the result is higher levels of happiness and well-being. Families recognize the need to take care of each other, and neighbors make sure that those in their communities have what they need. Some countries with collectivist values have higher rates of mental illness, such as in South America. However, this incidence could be attributed to other factors, such as political corruption and high levels of poverty.

  • The Cultural Dimensions Index was created by cultural psychologist Geert Hofstede. Countries are evaluated on a 100-point scale in seven dimensions. One dimension is the level of individualism within a society. At the high end of the scale are extremely individualist cultures (self-oriented, individual effort favored in business and learning, competition over cooperation) while a lower number signals a more collectivist culture (group orientation, relationships essential to business and learning, and cooperation over competition).

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Country
Collectivist
Cultural Dimensions Index
Continent
Kenya4Africa
Indonesia5Asia
Pakistan5Asia
Bangladesh5Asia
Ethiopia7Africa
Ghana9Africa
Egypt13Africa
Georgia15Asia
Philippines17Asia
Armenia17Asia
South Korea18Asia
El Salvador19North America
Kazakhstan20Asia
India24Asia
Morocco24Africa
Iraq25Asia
Lebanon27Asia
Azerbaijan28Asia
Vietnam30Asia
Uganda30Africa
Nepal30Asia
Mexico34North America
Sri Lanka35Asia
Zambia35Africa
Brazil36South America
Guatemala36North America
Dominican Republic38North America
Serbia42Europe
Cyprus42Europe
Singapore43Asia
Russia46AsiaEurope
Turkey46Asia
Romania46Europe
Poland47Europe
Saudi Arabia48Asia
Belarus48Europe
Bulgaria50Europe
Myanmar51Asia
Argentina51South America
Afghanistan55Asia
Ukraine55Europe
Greece59Europe
Portugal59Europe
Japan62Asia
Spain67Europe
NigeriaAfrica
SomaliaAfrica
CubaNorth America
showing: 48 rows

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