A diverse assortment of green vegetation, flowers, animals and insects and a minimum of 60-80 inches of year classify as rainforests. Countries with rainforests thrive in both tropical and temperate climates.
You will find tropical rainforests near the equator, both south and north of it. They typically have a wet and a dry season. However, they experience more rainfall than a temperate rainforest, which totals anywhere from 80 to 400 inches per year.
Temperatures usually range from 75-85 degrees, and the humidity levels usually measure at 77%-88%. Tropical rainforests have more diverse wildlife than countries with rainforests in temperature climates.
The largest tropical rainforest, the Amazon, spreads to Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil and Venezuela. It also reaches Guyana, Surinam, and French Guiana. It has become home to about 2.5 million kinds of insects, probably because of the humidity.
About 40,000 plant species and approximately 1,300 different birds also live in the Amazon Rainforest. On land, an estimated 427 unique mammals also roam. In the water, you’d find an estimated 3,000 fish species.
More than half of this rainforest consists of primary forest that existed since ancient times and remains undisturbed by humans. This portion, which equals about 60 percent, resides in the Democratic Republic of Congo. You’d find the rest of it in Cameroon, Gabon, Republic of the Congo, Central African Republic, and Equatorial Guinea.
Australiasia, the third-largest tropical rainforest in the world, covers New Guinea and Northeastern Australia. It also stretches across strings of smaller islands that used to be connected to one another during the Ice Age.
The fifth-largest tropical forest of Indo-Burma contains a mixed array of forest, plantations and secondary forests of replanted trees. As reported by 2001, it lost about 12 percent of its tree coverage and 8 percent of its primary forests. Most of the leftover primary forests exist in Myanmar.
You can find some temperate rainforests in Chile, the United Kingdom, Norway, Japan, New Zealand, and southern Australia. They also stretch from Prince William Sound in Alaska, through the British Columbia Coast in Canada, and to Northern California in the United States.
Temperatures range from 50-70 degrees. The annual rainfall usually totals between 60 and 200 inches in temperature rainforests.
The largest animal diversity in temperature rainforests seems to be birds, totaling at least 250-300 types. They only contain up to 25 different kinds of trees, and they don’t have nearly as many large animals.
# of Major Rainforests
|Indonesia||Australiasia, Sundaland, Wallacea, Southeast Asian Rainforest, Borneo Lowland Rain Forest, Kayan Mentarang National Park||6|
|Australia||Australiasia (Tasmanian temperate rainforests), Daintree Rainforest, Eastern Australian Rainforest, Fraser Island, Tasmanian Temperate Rain Forests||5|
|United States||Tongass National Forest, Pacific Temperate Rainforest, Hoh Rainforest, Quinault Rainforest||4|
|Argentina||Atlantic forest, Valdivian temperate forests, Iguazú National Park||3|
|Malaysia||Sundaland (Borneo Lowland Rain Forest, Kinabalu National Park, Kayan Mentarang National Park)||3|
|Papua New Guinea||Australiasia, Southeast Asian Rainforest, Southeastern Papuan Rainforest||3|
|Costa Rica||Mesoamerica, Santa Elena Cloud Forest Reserve, Monteverde Cloud Forest||3|
|India||Indo-Burma, Sundarbans Reserve Forest||2|
|Brazil||Amazon, Atlantic forest||2|
|Bangladesh||Indo-Burma, Sundarbans Reserve Forest||2|
|Thailand||Indo-Burma (Cardamom Mountains Rainforest), Khao Sok National Park||2|
|Peru||Amazon, Manú National Park||2|
|Bolivia||Amazon, Noel Kempff Mercado National Park||2|
|Nicaragua||Mesoamerica, Bosawás Biosphere Reserve||2|
|Suriname||Amazon, Central Suriname Nature Reserve||2|
|Mexico||Mesoamerica (Lacandon Jungle)||1|
|Vietnam||Indo-Burma (Cardamom Mountains Rainforest)||1|
|Canada||Pacific Temperate Rainforest||1|
|Ivory Coast||West Africa||1|
|Cameroon||Congo, West Africa||1|
|Sri Lanka||Sinharaja Forest Reserve||1|
|Chile||Valdivian temperate forests||1|
|Guatemala||Mesoamerica (Lacandon jungle)||1|
|Cambodia||Indo-Burma (Cardamom Mountains Rainforest)||1|
|Honduras||Mesoamerica (Río Plátano Biosphere Reserve)||1|
|Sierra Leone||West Africa||1|
|Republic of the Congo||Congo||1|
|Central African Republic||Congo||1|
|Liberia||West Africa (Sapo National Park Rainforest)||1|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||Perućica (Sutjeska National Park)||1|
|Brunei||Sundaland, Borneo Lowland Rain Forest||1|
Many countries have rainforests, but some of the most well-known are those that are home to the Amazon; Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil, Venezuela, Guyana, Surinam, and French Guiana. Congo, Cameroon, Gabon, the Republic of the Congo, the Central African Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Australia, Borneo, Sumatra, Java, and even Chile and the United Kingdom are also home to rainforests.