What Classifies as a Rainforest?
A diverse assortment of green vegetation, flowers, animals and insects and a minimum of 60-80 inches of year classify as rainforests. Countries with rainforests thrive in both tropical and temperate climates.
Where to Find Tropical Rainforests
You will find tropical rainforests near the equator, both south and north of it. They typically have a wet and a dry season. However, they experience more rainfall than a temperate rainforest, which totals anywhere from 80 to 400 inches per year.
Temperatures usually range from 75-85 degrees, and the humidity levels usually measure at 77%-88%. Tropical rainforests have more diverse wildlife than countries with rainforests in temperature climates.
The Largest Tropical Rainforest
The largest tropical rainforest, the Amazon, spreads to Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil and Venezuela. It also reaches Guyana, Surinam, and French Guiana. It has become home to about 2.5 million kinds of insects, probably because of the humidity.
About 40,000 plant species and approximately 1,300 different birds also live in the Amazon Rainforest. On land, an estimated 427 unique mammals also roam. In the water, you’d find an estimated 3,000 fish species.
4 Other Large Tropical Rainforests
More than half of this rainforest consists of primary forest that existed since ancient times and remains undisturbed by humans. This portion, which equals about 60 percent, resides in the Democratic Republic of Congo. You’d find the rest of it in Cameroon, Gabon, Republic of the Congo, Central African Republic, and Equatorial Guinea.
Australiasia, the third-largest tropical rainforest in the world, covers New Guinea and Northeastern Australia. It also stretches across strings of smaller islands that used to be connected to one another during the Ice Age.
The fifth-largest tropical forest of Indo-Burma contains a mixed array of forest, plantations and secondary forests of replanted trees. As reported by 2001, it lost about 12 percent of its tree coverage and 8 percent of its primary forests. Most of the leftover primary forests exist in Myanmar.
Where to Find Temperate Rainforests
You can find some temperate rainforests in Chile, the United Kingdom, Norway, Japan, New Zealand, and southern Australia. They also stretch from Prince William Sound in Alaska, through the British Columbia Coast in Canada, and to Northern California in the United States.
Temperatures range from 50-70 degrees. The annual rainfall usually totals between 60 and 200 inches in temperature rainforests.
The largest animal diversity in temperature rainforests seems to be birds, totaling at least 250-300 types. They only contain up to 25 different kinds of trees, and they don’t have nearly as many large animals.