Though the concept of mathematics is relatively the same worldwide, the general performance and attitude towards the subject differ from country to country.

Many researchers have embarked on an annual ranking for top scientists in mathematics, drawing the whole picture of how different countries perform in mathematics science.

## The Purpose of Math Ranking By Country

Mathematics is the science and study of quality, structure, space, and change, either as abstract concepts (pure mathematics) or applied to other disciplines such as physics and engineering (applied mathematics).

The ranking of maths scholars in different countries is designed to offer the academic community more exposure and visibility to the influential contributions made by those at the forefront of mathematics.

The ranking also inspires researchers, decision-makers, and entrepreneurs around the world to find out where leading maths experts are heading. It’s a great opportunity to learn about leading experts in different countries, universities, and research institutions.

## Math Rankings by Country

Mathematicians seek patterns, formulate new speculations, and establish facts by rigorous deduction from appropriately established formulas and definitions.

Apart from the historical reason, other factors like socioeconomic motives, the rigor of math, and the rise of the computer industry have influenced maths performance in different countries.

For the 2022 edition of the maths ranking by country, over 3,707 maths scientists were examined, with several indicators and metrics reviewed to consider each scientist’s inclusion in the ranking.

Scholars from the United States dominated the ranking, with 458 scientists representing 45.8% of leading mathematics scientists. Other countries with leading positions in the ranking are the United Kingdom with 6.3%, Germany with 6%, France with 5.3%, and China with 4.3%.

## Top Ten Countries with the Highest Math Ranking:

- United States — 45.8%
- United Kingdom — 6.3%
- Germany — 6%
- France — 5.3%
- Canada — 3.8%
- Italy — 3.1%
- Australia — 3.8%
- Switzerland — 2.0%
- Australia — 1.8%

American universities led by Princeton University constituted 90% of the top 10 leading institutions in mathematics, the only non-American institution being Swiss ETH Zurich in the 10th position with 12 maths scientists.

## Number of Leading Math Scientists by Country

Scientists from the United States dominate the list, with 458 scholars included in 2022, representing 45.8% of the full ranking. 7 out of 10 scientists in the top 1% were from the U.S., while the other three were from the United Kingdom, Israel, and Turkey.

The U.K ranked second with 63 scientists, and the third spot was taken by Germany, which produced 60 ranking scientists. The other leading countries were France with 53 scientists, China with 47 scientists, Canada with 38 scientists, and Italy with 31 scholars.

## Comparison with 2021 Secondary Schools Maths Rankings by Country

In the 2021 ranking, the United States dropped from the second spot in 2020 to the third spot in 2021 in a ranking of secondary school students' performance in international science and math competitions.

Behind China and Russia, the U.S ranked third in science and math competitions. China ranked first in 2021, and the Russian Federation moved up from the third spot to the second spot, swapping places with the U.S.

The U.S was followed in the rankings by Taiwan, Singapore, the Republic of Korea, Vietnam, Romania, Hong Kong and Iran, respectively.