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Birth Rate by State 2021

The birth rate is the number of live births per 1,000 women of the total population. The birth rate is used in conjunction with the mortality and migration rates to calculate population growth.

The birth rate is often used interchangeably with fertility rate; however, the birth rate is the number of births per 1,000 women of childbearing age (ages 15 to 44) occurring in a particular year.

The birth rate is a concern for some governments. Some governments worldwide are attempting to increase the birth rate with financial incentives or offer support services to new mothers. This is due to these countries having birth rates lower than their mortality rates, resulting in a declining population. Other governments, however, have the opposite problem of high birth rates that are causing overpopulation. This is seen in China’s one-child policy.

Additionally, high birth rates are typically associated with low life expectancy, low living standards and education levels, and low social status for women. Some policies to low the birth rate in some countries have focused on improving women’s rights and sexual and reproductive health. Improved information and access to birth control methods have achieved good results in Iran and Bangladesh.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the U.S. birth rate was the lowest in 2018 than it has been in 32 years. The CDC’s report states that the total number of births in 2018 was down 2% from 2017. These numbers are lower than they were after the Great Depression.

Several reasons are cited for the decline in the birth rate. More Americans are delaying marriage and having children due to pursuing higher education and focusing on building careers before building families. Additionally, there are fewer teen pregnancies and greater education and availability of contraception.

American women in their 30s have a higher birthrate for 2017 and 2018 than women in their 20s. Because of the 36.6 million American jobs lost between January 2009 to December 2017, some couples do not want children because they are unsure if they will have stable jobs in the future. According to Wellesley College economics professor, Phil Levine, every one percentage point increase in the unemployment rate reduces the birth rate by one percentage point.

In 2019, there were 3,745,540 births, 1% fewer than in 2018. With a total fertility rate of 1.73 births per woman, the U.S. reproducing is below a viable replacement rate, which it has fallen short of since 1971. The U.S. population growth, therefore, relies on immigration.

The U.S. birthrate is 11.6 per 1,000 population. The birth rate varies from state to state. The National Vital Statistics System report from the CDC lays out each state’s birth rate, along with the fertility rate, total fertility rate, and fertility rate by age group of the mother.

The states with the lowest birth rates are:

  1. Vermont (8.7)
  2. New Hampshire (8.8)
  3. Maine (9.2)
  4. Connecticut (9.7)
  5. Rhode Island (9.9)
  6. Massachusetts (10.0)
  7. Oregon (10.1)
  8. West Virginia (10.1)
  9. Florida (10.4)
  10. Pennsylvania (10.6)

Vermont has the lowest birth rate in the United States of 8.7 per 1,000 population. The six states with the lowest birth rates in the country are located in the northeast. These states will likely see their populations shrink between 2030 and 2040.

The states with the highest birth rates are:

  1. Utah (14.9)
  2. North Dakota (14.0)
  3. Alaska (13.7)
  4. South Dakota (13.5)
  5. Texas (13.2)
  6. Nebraska (13.2)
  7. District of Columbia (13.1)
  8. Oklahoma (12.6)
  9. Kansas (12.5)
  10. Mississippi (12.4)

Utah has the highest birth rate in the United States of 14.9 per 1,000 population. This is likely because of Utah’s large Mormon population, which is also why Utah has the largest average household size in the country and the lowest median age in the country of 29.2.

Here are the 10 states with the highest fertility rates:

  1. North Dakota (69)
  2. South Dakota (67)
  3. Utah (67)
  4. Nebraska (64)
  5. Alaska (62)
  6. Idaho (62)
  7. Hawaii (61)
  8. Iowa (60)
  9. Oklahoma (60)
  10. Wyoming (59)

Birth Rate by State 2021

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Birth Rate by State 2021

State Total Births Fertility Rate Fertility Rate (White) Fertility Rate (Black) Fertility Rate (Native) Fertility Rate (Asian)
North Dakota11,8156968866398
Utah51,5226767904357
South Dakota12,52267611029063
Nebraska27,6706461858167
Idaho24,3646263566150
Alaska10,6406260887467
Hawaii19,5476169927552
Oklahoma54,1736059615958
Iowa41,8506058752664
Wyoming7,5845959569630
Minnesota73,8595854897076
Kansas38,5635857724858
Texas398,6795757576057
Arkansas39,2425754635071
Missouri77,7565655564454
South Carolina64,1325553597049
Ohio147,0165553646060
Montana12,4825554577445
Louisiana61,0975555575251
Arizona88,9045554546052
Washington94,8225453676053
New Mexico25,4005454585969
Indiana83,7695453602757
Wisconsin68,4205351576763
Georgia136,0475352538846
Alabama60,3395350567961
West Virginia20,430525273049
Pennsylvania149,4685251553853
Nevada36,4385250577849
Mississippi36,7285250547449
Michigan118,7605251575450
Maryland74,2935252492151
Kentucky53,6615252561562
Illinois156,8225250555054
Virginia102,7965151525647
Tennessee80,4855148593752
Colorado69,0645150636649
North Carolina123,5545050495162
Maine14,2655050693157
New Hampshire14,5914948739748
California469,8844949465247
Oregon46,3134848504349
New Jersey99,7384848485847
Rhode Island11,8964744561366
New York220,9764747434447
Florida219,9964746525647
Massachusetts74,9694543567347
Delaware9,85145444513847
Vermont6,09144431181237
Connecticut34,7754240456355

Birth Rate by State 2021