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Vermont
D+16
Massachusetts
D+15
Maryland
D+14
Hawaii
D+14
California
D+13
New York
D+10
Washington
D+8
Rhode Island
D+8
Illinois
D+7
Delaware
D+7
Connecticut
D+7
Oregon
D+6
New Jersey
D+6
Colorado
D+4
Virginia
D+3
New Mexico
D+3
Maine
D+2
New Hampshire
D+1
Minnesota
D+1
Nevada
R+1
Michigan
R+1
Wisconsin
R+2
Pennsylvania
R+2
Arizona
R+2
North Carolina
R+3
Georgia
R+3
Florida
R+3
Texas
R+5
Ohio
R+6
Iowa
R+6
South Carolina
R+8
Alaska
R+8
Missouri
R+10
Kansas
R+10
Montana
R+11
Mississippi
R+11
Indiana
R+11
Louisiana
R+12
Utah
R+13
Nebraska
R+13
Tennessee
R+14
Alabama
R+15
South Dakota
R+16
Kentucky
R+16
Arkansas
R+16
Idaho
R+18
Oklahoma
R+20
North Dakota
R+20
West Virginia
R+22
Wyoming
R+25

Blue States 2024

Blue States 2024

When the United States approaches a presidential election, the terms “red states” and “blue states” are often used by the media. What is a red state? What is a blue state? If a state is a red state, the voters within that state primarily vote for the Republican Party. If a state is a blue state, its residents mostly vote for the Democratic Party. The term red state is also used to describe a state perceived to have conservative views, while a blue state is understood to have more liberal views.

However, this hasn’t always been the case. During the 1980s, Democrats were associated with the color red, while Republicans were represented by the color blue. It was during the 2000 presidential election when journalist Tim Russert used the terms “red states” and “blue states” based on the colored maps that were used during his televised coverage. Since that time, media outlets have used red for Republican and blue for Democrats as the standard color scheme for their maps.

The measurement of how strongly a United States congressional district or state leans toward the Democratic or Republican Party compared to the nation as a whole is known as the Cook Partisan Voting Index (PVI). For example, if the national average is 51% Democratic, and the Democratic candidate of a state wins 62% of a two-party share, that state voted 11 percentage points more Democratic than the country, for D+11.

House balance indicates a party’s electoral strength in a state better than basic party identification. It provides a definitive score that shows the strength of a party in an election. House balance takes into account the number of independents in a state. For example, California receives 55 electoral votes and has a house balance of 46D and 7R (53 out of 55).

States with a CVI of at least D+1 that also have Democratic governors and senates as of early 2023 include:

Is Virginia a blue state?

Virginia is considered a perennial swing state; however, it was considered a blue state in the 2020 presidential election. Virginia has voted Democratic in every election since 2008. Virginia’s governor is a Republican, its Senate is Democratic, and its House balance leans Democratic as well. The state is considered to be the most progressive in the southern U.S. Its CPVI is D+3.

Is Colorado a blue state?

Colorado is a blue state, although it was considered a perennial swing state. In the 2020 presidential election, it was considered a safe blue state, with Joe Biden winning over 55% of the vote, beating Donald Trump by a margin of 13.5%. Colorado has voted Democratic in every presidential election since 2008. Colorado’s governor is Democratic as well. Colorado’s CPVI D+4.

Is Pennsylvania a blue state?

Pennsylvania is considered a battleground or swing state. It is not a blue state or a red state. Pennsylvania’s CPVI is R+2. Its governor is Democratic, its U.S. Senators are Democratic after the 2022 midterm elections, and its U.S. House Representatives are evenly split between the two parties.

Blue States 2024

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State
PVI
Governor Party
Senate Party
Democrat Representatives
Republican Representatives
WyomingR+25RepublicanRepublican1
West VirginiaR+22RepublicanBoth2
North DakotaR+20RepublicanRepublican1
OklahomaR+20RepublicanRepublican5
IdahoR+18RepublicanRepublican2
ArkansasR+16RepublicanRepublican4
KentuckyR+16DemocraticRepublican15
South DakotaR+16RepublicanRepublican1
AlabamaR+15RepublicanRepublican16
TennesseeR+14RepublicanRepublican18
NebraskaR+13RepublicanRepublican3
UtahR+13RepublicanRepublican4
LouisianaR+12DemocraticRepublican15
IndianaR+11RepublicanRepublican27
MississippiR+11RepublicanRepublican13
MontanaR+11RepublicanBoth2
KansasR+10DemocraticRepublican13
MissouriR+10RepublicanRepublican26
AlaskaR+8RepublicanRepublican1
South CarolinaR+8RepublicanRepublican16
IowaR+6RepublicanRepublican4
OhioR+6RepublicanBoth510
TexasR+5RepublicanRepublican1325
FloridaR+3RepublicanRepublican820
GeorgiaR+3RepublicanDemocratic59
North CarolinaR+3DemocraticRepublican77
ArizonaR+2DemocraticDemocratic36
PennsylvaniaR+2DemocraticDemocratic98
WisconsinR+2DemocraticBoth26
MichiganR+1DemocraticDemocratic76
NevadaR+1RepublicanDemocratic31
MinnesotaD+1DemocraticDemocratic44
New HampshireD+1RepublicanDemocratic2
MaineD+2DemocraticRepublican2
New MexicoD+3DemocraticDemocratic3
VirginiaD+3RepublicanDemocratic65
ColoradoD+4DemocraticDemocratic53
New JerseyD+6DemocraticDemocratic93
OregonD+6DemocraticDemocratic42
ConnecticutD+7DemocraticDemocratic5
DelawareD+7DemocraticDemocratic1
IllinoisD+7DemocraticDemocratic143
Rhode IslandD+8DemocraticDemocratic2
WashingtonD+8DemocraticDemocratic82
New YorkD+10DemocraticDemocratic1511
CaliforniaD+13DemocraticDemocratic4012
HawaiiD+14DemocraticDemocratic2
MarylandD+14DemocraticDemocratic71
MassachusettsD+15DemocraticDemocratic9
VermontD+16RepublicanDemocratic1
showing: 50 rows

Blue States 2024

Sources