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Donor States 2021

Balance of payments is the amount of revenue paid to the federal government from a state’s residents and economy (taxes) minus the amount of federal spending in that state. Donor states pay more to the federal government in taxes than they receive back in funding.

There are currently eight U.S. states that are considered donor states. The main reason that these states see a negative balance is because they have some of the highest household incomes in the country, paying more to federal taxes. This, however, does not guarantee that they would receive more federal funding for things such as Medicaid and education.

New York is the largest donor state in the U.S., with a negative balance of payments at $22,798,000,000. For every dollar New York gives the federal government, its residents are only receiving $0.91 back.

Seven other states are donor states:

Virginia is at the opposite end of the spectrum, with the highest positive balance of payments. Virginia’s balance of payments is $111,785,000,000, and residents receive $2.24 for every dollar sent to the federal government. Kentucky follows with $63,229,000,000 and the highest expenditure per dollar of receipts at $2.89.

The ten states with the largest positive balance of payments (the biggest takers) are:

Donor States 2021

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Donor States 2021

State Balance
New York-$35,562
New Jersey-$21,327
Massachusetts-$16,075
Connecticut-$14,353
Illinois-$4,654
Colorado-$533
Nebraska-$314
New Hampshire-$314
Wyoming$388
California$455
North Dakota$544
Utah$917
South Dakota$1,226
Washington$1,366
Vermont$2,333
Rhode Island$2,361
Delaware$2,782
Wisconsin$3,104
Nevada$3,419
Iowa$3,476
Montana$4,001
Alaska$5,214
Minnesota$5,350
Kansas$5,776
Idaho$5,885
Maine$7,443
Hawaii$7,534
Texas$8,594
Oregon$10,263
West Virginia$13,255
Arkansas$15,263
Oklahoma$15,668
Indiana$15,727
Louisiana$17,730
New Mexico$18,149
Mississippi$20,531
Georgia$23,501
Tennessee$24,115
Missouri$24,144
Michigan$24,648
South Carolina$25,162
Pennsylvania$29,435
Arizona$31,085
Ohio$32,062
Alabama$32,630
North Carolina$34,495
Maryland$36,524
Kentucky$40,733
Florida$45,886
Virginia$87,253

Donor States 2021