E-ZPass is an electronic toll collection system used on most tolled roads, bridges, and tunnels in the Midwestern and Eastern United States created in 1987. E-ZPass tags are active RFID transponders that respond to toll transmitters, whether lane-based or open-road, by transmitting a unique radio signal. Both internal tags (placed on the inside of the windshield) and external tags (designed to attach to a front license plate) are available for customers and can be used for motorcycles.
E-ZPass customers can either merge into manual toll lanes or dedicated E-ZPass lanes, typically named "Express E-ZPass." These are physically separate from toll booths and do not require drivers to slow down. E-ZPass is usually offered as a debit account, where users make prepayments on their accounts, and tolls are deducted from that amount. Additionally, some agencies charge a monthly account fee, usually of only $1 or $1.50. Additionally, E-ZPass users may have other costs and fees to pay for their transponder or account.
The E-ZPass Interagency Group consists of 39 member agencies in 18 different states. Since the founding of E-ZPass, several other independent systems using the same technology have been folded into the E-ZPass System, such as I-Pass in Illinois and the NC Quick Pass in North Carolina. The 17 states that use E-ZPass are: Delaware, Florida, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Minnesota, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Islands, Virginia, and West Virginia. Georgia may soon use E-ZPass as well.
In addition to road tolls, some airports, such as JFK and LaGuardia in New York, and other parking lots allow customers to use their E-ZPass tag to pay for parking. Some toll facilities are not part of the E-ZPass network and do not accept E-ZPass even if they are in one of the 18 states with E-ZPass.