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No anti-FGM legislation

States Where FGM is Legal 2024

States Where FGM is Legal 2024

What Is FGM?

A lot of states have laws regulating a wide variety of procedures, and one of the biggest examples is female genital mutilation. This is typically abbreviated FGM, a procedure where female genitals are deliberately changed, injured, or cut. Furthermore, with female genital mutilation, there is typically no medical reason for the procedure. In some situations, it can be called female circumcision, but the terms are used interchangeably. This procedure is widely regulated, and it is typically seen as inhumane. Therefore, most states have laws against this practice, which is no longer widespread.

Why Is FGM Frowned Upon?

There are lots of reasons why this procedure is no longer considered okay. First, it strips the woman of any body autonomy she might have. It is virtually unheard of for a woman to get this procedure done willingly, so it has to be forced upon her by somebody else. Furthermore, it can hurt to use the bathroom or have sexual intercourse. As a result, it can lead to significant quality of life concerns. Because of this, most states have introduced laws against this practice. It is entirely possible that more laws could be introduced down the road.

What States Have Laws Against FGM?

Congress passed a bill in 1996 to make female genital mutilation illegal. However, in 2019 a federal judge declared the bill unconstitutional. He said that Congress did not have the power to make this type of law and should be left to the states.

Before the law was overturned, 27 states had laws prohibiting female genital mutilation. By the end of 2019, female genital mutilation was explicitly banned by 35 states. As of May 2023, only Alabama, Mississippi, Nebraska, Alaska, Hawaii, Montana, Washington, Maine, Connecticut, and New Mexico have not banned FGM. The District of Columbia also has no anti-FGM legislation.

Even though a state might not have a specific law on the books against this procedure, it is possible for someone who forces a woman to have the procedure done to be prosecuted under a separate law. The exact nature of the prosecution will vary from state to state.

What Are the Top Signs that FGM Has Taken Place?

Several signs could indicate that someone has been exposed to this practice. For example, individuals might have difficulty sitting, standing, or walking. There are also situations where women who have had this procedure done might spend a long time in the bathroom because it takes them longer to use it. It is not unusual for women who have had this procedure to feel depressed, anxious, or withdrawn. There are also a lot of situations where women who have had this procedure done might be reluctant to go to the doctor because they do not want to answer questions about it. Typically, women do not have this procedure done willingly, which can be seen as a sign of abuse.

States Where FGM is Legal 2024

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Only Appliesto Minors Under18 Unless Otherwise Specified
Parent Guardianand Circumciser Subject Prosecution
Vacation Provision Banning Travel Outside The State for FGM
Cultural Ritual Reason And Or Consent Not A Defense
Provisions For Community Education And Outreach
AlabamaNo anti-FGM legislationNoNoNoNoNo
AlaskaNo anti-FGM legislationNoNoNoNoNo
ArizonaIllegalYesNoYesNoNoImprisonment 5.25 – 35 years and fine of not less than $25,000
ArkansasIllegalYesYesYesYesYesImprisonment 3-10 years
CaliforniaIllegalYesYesNoNoYesImprisonment 1 – 6 years
ColoradoIllegalUnder 16YesNoYesYesImprisonment minimum 4 years
ConnecticutNo anti-FGM legislationNoNoNoNoNo
DelawareIllegalYesYesNoYesNoImprisonment up to 5 years
District of ColumbiaNo anti-FGM legislationNoYesYesYesYesImprisonment up to 10 years or a fine up to $25,000
Proposed Legislation Only
FloridaIllegalYesYesYesYesNoImprisonment up to 15 years and/or fine up to $10,000
GeorgiaIllegalYesYesYesYesNoImprisonment 5 – 20 years
HawaiiNo anti-FGM legislationNoYesYesYesYesImprisonment for an indeterminate term
Proposed Legislation Only
IdahoIllegalYesNoNoYesNoImprisonment up to life
IllinoisIllegalNoYesNoYesNoImprisonment 4 – 30 years and a fine up to $25,000
IndianaIllegalYesYesYesYesYesImprisonment 3-16 years and a fine up to $10,000
IowaIllegalYesNoYesYesYesImprisonment for up to 5 years and fine of $750-$7,500
KansasIllegalYesYesYesYesNoImprisonment 89-100 months
KentuckyIllegalYesYesYesYesYesImprisonment 10-20 years
LouisianaIllegalYesYesYesYesYesImprisonment up to 15 years
MaineNo anti-FGM legislationNoNoNoNoNo
MarylandIllegalYesYesNoYesNoImprisonment up to 5 years and/or fine up to $5,000
MassachusettsIllegalYesNoYesYesYesImprisonment 2.5-10 years and fine up to $10,000
MichiganIllegalYesYesYesYesYesImprisonment up to 15 years
MinnesotaIllegalNoNoNoYesYesImprisonment up to 5 years and/or fine up to $10,000
MississippiNo anti-FGM legislationNoNoNoNoNo
MissouriIllegalUnder 17YesNoYesNoImprisonment 5 – 15 years
MontanaNo anti-FGM legislationNoNoNoNoNo
NebraskaNo anti-FGM legislationNoNoNoNoNo
NevadaIllegalYesYesYesYesNoImprisonment 2 – 10 years and/or fine up to $10,000
New HampshireIllegalYesYesYesYesNoImprisonment up to 7 years
New JerseyIllegalYesYesYesYesNoImprisonment 3 – 5 years
New MexicoNo anti-FGM legislationNoNoNoNoNo
New YorkIllegalYesYesNoYesYesImprisonment up to 4 years
North CarolinaIllegalYesYesYesYesNoImprisonment up to 15 -16 years
North DakotaIllegalYesYesNoYesNoImprisonment up to 5 years and /or fine up to $10,000
OhioIllegalYesNoYesYesNoImprisonment 2-8 years and/or a fine up to $15,000, and an additional fine up to $25,000
OklahomaIllegalNoNoNoYesNoImprisonment 3 years to life and /or fine up to $20,000
OregonIllegalYesYesNoYesYesImprisonment up to 10 years
PennsylvaniaIllegalYesYesYesYesNoImprisonment for more than 10 years
Rhode IslandIllegalNoNoNoNoNoImprisonment for more than 10 years
South CarolinaIllegalYesYesYesYesNoImprisonment up to 20 years and/or fine up to $20,000
South DakotaIllegalYesYesYesYesNoImprisonment up to 10 years and fine up to $20,000
TennesseeIllegalNoYesNoYesNoImprisonment 2 – 12 years and /or fine up to $5,000
TexasIllegalYesYesYesYesNoImprisonment 6 months-2 years and /or fine up to $10,000
UtahIllegalYesYesYesYesYesImprisonment up to 5 years and/or fine up to $5,000
VermontIllegalYesNoYesNoNoImprisonment up to 5 years and/or fine up to $25,000
VirginiaIllegalYesYesYesNoYesImprisonment up to life and/or a fine up to $100,000
WashingtonNo anti-FGM legislationYesYesNoYesNoImprisonment up to 10 years and/or fine of $20,000
Proposed Legislation Only
West VirginiaIllegalYesYesNoYesNoImprisonment 2 – 10 years & fine $1-5,000
WisconsinIllegalYesNoNoYesNoImprisonment 6 years and/or fine up to $10,000
WyomingIllegalYesYesYesYesYesImprisonment 5-25 years
showing: 51 rows

States Where FGM is Legal 2024