Gay Marriage By State 2020

Gay marriage, also known as same-sex marriage, is the marriage of people of the same sex or gender.

In 1970, a same-sex couple in Minnesota applied for a marriage license and was denied. The case was brought to the Minnesota Supreme Court and brought the question of civil marriage rights for same-sex couples to the public attention. Unfortunately, many of these early cases were unsuccessful.

Gay marriages made progress in the 1980s, when Berkeley, California, passes the country’s first domestic partnership law. In 1987, the first mass same-sex wedding ceremony took place on the National Mall, where almost 2,000 same-sex couples were married. In 1989, court rulings in New York and California defined same-sex couples as families.

Massachusetts became the first state to legalize gay marriage in 2003. California and Connecticut legalized gay marriage in 2008, followed by Iowa, Vermont, and New Hampshire. Legalization came through state courts, the enactment of state legislation, or the result of the decisions of federal courts until 2012. On November 6, 2012, Maine, Maryland, and Washington became the first states to legalize gay marriage through a popular vote.

On June 26, 2015, in the landmark case of Obergefell vs. Hodges, the Supreme Court ruled that it is unconstitutional for states to ban same-sex marriages. Despite this, not all states are abiding and have enacted constitutional or statutory bans on gay marriage known as “Defense of Marriage” acts.

Gay Marriage by State

As of 2020, 37 U.S. states and the District of Columbia have legalized gay marriage. Alabama, Missouri, and Alabama have done so with restrictions. Thirteen U.S. states have a ban on same-sex marriage; however, eight of these states have court rulings in favor of allowing same-sex marriage.

Below are the states that have legalized gay marriage in the order in which they legalized. Dates are of the enactment or ruling.

  • Massachusetts - November 18, 2003
  • California - May 15, 2008
  • Connecticut - October 10, 2008
  • Iowa - April 3, 2009
  • Vermont – April 7, 2009
  • New Hampshire – June 3, 2009
  • District of Columbia – December 18, 2009
  • New York – June 24, 2011
  • Maine – November 6, 2012
  • Maryland – November 6, 2012
  • Washington – November 6, 2012
  • Rhode Island – May 2, 2013
  • Delaware – May 7, 2013
  • Minnesota – May 14, 2013
  • New Jersey – September 27, 2013
  • Hawaii – November 13, 2013
  • Illinois – November 20, 2013
  • New Mexico – December 19, 2013
  • Oregon – May 19, 2014
  • Pennsylvania – May 20, 2014
  • Utah – June 25, 2014
  • Colorado – July 9 and 23, 2014
  • Oklahoma – July 18, 2014
  • Virginia – July 28, 2014
  • Florida – August 21, 2014
  • Indiana – September 4, 2014
  • Wisconsin – September 4, 2014
  • Idaho – October 7, 2014
  • West Virginia – October 9, 2014
  • North Carolina – October 10, 2014
  • Alaska – October 12, 2014
  • Arizona – October 17, 2014
  • Wyoming – October 17, 2014
  • South Carolina – November 12, 2014
  • Montana – November 19, 2014

The following states have no legalized gay marriage:

  • Arkansas
  • Georgia
  • Kentucky
  • Louisiana
  • Michigan
  • Missouri
  • Mississippi
  • Nebraska
  • North Dakota
  • Ohio
  • South Dakota
  • Tennessee
  • Texas

Gay Marriage By State 2020

Source:
State 2020 Pop.
Alabama4,908,620
Alaska734,002
Arizona7,378,490
Arkansas3,039,000
California39,937,500
Colorado5,845,530
Connecticut3,563,080
Delaware982,895
District of Columbia720,687
Florida21,993,000
Georgia10,736,100
Hawaii1,412,690
Idaho1,826,160
Illinois12,659,700
Indiana6,745,350
Iowa3,179,850
Kansas2,910,360
Kentucky4,499,690
Louisiana4,645,180
Maine1,345,790
Maryland6,083,120
Massachusetts6,976,600
Michigan10,045,000
Minnesota5,700,670
Mississippi2,989,260
Missouri6,169,270
Montana1,086,760
Nebraska1,952,570
Nevada3,139,660
New Hampshire1,371,250
New Jersey8,936,570
New Mexico2,096,640
New York19,440,500
North Carolina10,611,900
North Dakota761,723
Ohio11,747,700
Oklahoma3,954,820
Oregon4,301,090
Pennsylvania12,820,900
Rhode Island1,056,160
South Carolina5,210,100
South Dakota903,027
Tennessee6,897,580
Texas29,472,300
Utah3,282,120
Vermont628,061
Virginia8,626,210
Washington7,797,100
West Virginia1,778,070
Wisconsin5,851,750
Wyoming567,025