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Homestead Exemptions by State 2020

A homestead exemption is a legal provision that helps shield a home from some creditors following the death of a homeowner spouse or the declaration of bankruptcy. A homestead exemption can block the forced sale of a primary residence and provide tax relief for surviving spouses. Homestead exemptions are only for one primary residence and no other exemption can be claimed on any other property anywhere.

Homestead exemption is a great option for those facing financial hardship, such as people filing for bankruptcy or widow or widower facing higher bills than he or she can no longer afford to pay due to the passing of a spouse.

Homestead exemptions can protect a home up to a certain value of the homeowner’s equity in it. If the homestead’s equity exceeds the limit of the exemption in that state, creditors may force the debtors to sell. In this case, the debtors would receive the monetary amount of the bankruptcy exemption.

Tax reductions under homestead exemptions are usually a fixed discount on taxes. For example, a home valued at $150,000 using a $50,000 homestead exemption will be taxed on $100,000 of assessed value.

Homestead exemptions vary by state, including how it is applied and how much protection it offers against creditors. The exemption is an automatic benefit in some states and a claim must be filed in others. New Jersey and Pennsylvania have no homestead exemptions.

The current federal bankruptcy exemption amount as of 2019 is $25,510. While most states require homeowners to use the state’s limit, some will allow the homeowner to use either the federal or the state.

Homestead Exemptions by State 2020

State Homestead Exemption Amount Married Couples / Joint Owners
New JerseyNone
PennsylvaniaNone
Kentucky$5,000
Tennessee$5,000$7,500
Virginia$5,000$10,000
Alabama$15,000$30,000
Illinois$15,000$30,000
Missouri$15,000
Indiana$19,300$38,600
Hawaii$20,000
Utah$20,000$40,000
Wyoming$20,000$40,000
Georgia$21,500$43,000
Maryland$22,975
West Virginia$25,000$50,000
Michigan$30,000
Louisiana$35,000
North Carolina$35,000$70,000
Oregon$40,000
Maine$47,500
South Carolina$58,255$116,510
Nebraska$60,000
New Mexico$60,000$120,000
Alaska$72,900
California$75,000$100,000
Colorado$75,000$150,000
Connecticut$75,000$150,000
Mississippi$75,000
Wisconsin$75,000$150,000
Idaho$100,000
New Hampshire$100,000
North Dakota$100,000
Delaware$125,000
Vermont$125,000$250,000
Washington$125,000
Ohio$136,925
Arizona$150,000
New York$165,550$331,100
Montana$250,000
Minnesota$390,000
Massachusetts$500,000
Rhode Island$500,000
Nevada$550,000
ArkansasUnlimited
FloridaUnlimited
IowaUnlimited
KansasUnlimited
OklahomaUnlimited
South DakotaUnlimited
TexasUnlimited