Job Growth By State 2020

Job growth is a figured measured by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) that tracks how many payroll jobs are created in the United States every month. The figure is used as a measure of economic expansion and an indicator for national economic health, as higher job growth numbers indicate increasing economic growth and a strengthening job market.

Job growth is reported each month as part of the Bureau of Labor Statistics’ Employment Situation Summary. The BLS sends out a survey each month and compiles and publishes the results. The job growth figure is expressed as the gross number of jobs created in the United States in the previous month.

The minimum level of job growth needed to mitigate the effects of new people entering the workforce is between 100,000 and 150,000 new jobs per month. It is believed that these are the minimum required numbers to have a positive, sustainable impact; however, consistently high job growth figures are believed to be indicative of rising interest rates and inflation.

In September 2019, the United States saw 136,000 new jobs added to its economy, fewer than the 168,000 in August. It was reported that 11,400 retail and 2,000 manufacturing jobs were lost in September, both losses possibly attributed to the trade war with China hurting industries that depend on exports and imports. Despite this data, the United States economy is doing well in other aspects, such as an unemployment rate of 3.5% - the lowest it has been since December 1969.

Because different states have drastically different populations and are home to different industries, their job growth rates vary greatly. The states that saw the highest job growth percent increase are:

  1. Utah (3.10%)
  2. Nevada (3.10%)
  3. Washington (3.00%)
  4. Idaho (2.80%)
  5. Texas (2.60%)
  6. Florida (2.60%)
  7. Arizona (2.50%)
  8. New Mexico (2.40%)
  9. South Dakota (2.10%)
  10. Alabama (2.00%)

Utah and Nevada have the highest job growth percentage at 3.10%. Utah sees approximately 47,400 jobs increase in a year and Nevada sees 43,400. Both states saw a job growth rate more than double the national rate of 1.5%, and Utah boasts a lower unemployment rate of 2.8% (Nevada’s is currently 4.1%).

While many states experience significant job growth, there are some states with much lower rates or some that didn’t grow at all. The states with the lowest job growth rates are:

  1. Louisiana (-0.10%)
  2. Minnesota (0.00%)
  3. Maryland (0.10%)
  4. Connecticut (0.20%)
  5. North Dakota (0.20%)
  6. Michigan (0.40%)
  7. Delaware (0.50%)
  8. Nebraska (0.50%)
  9. Ohio (0.50%)
  10. Pennsylvania (0.50%)
  11. Wisconsin (0.50%)

As seen in the data, Louisiana had a negative job growth rate of -0.10%, a loss of approximately 1,000 jobs. Minnesota had a nearly 0.00% job growth rate, adding only 800 jobs over 12 months. Luckily, both states unemployment rates’ are not particularly high, with Louisiana’s at 4.4% and Minnesota’s at 3.4%, which is just below the national unemployment rate.

Certain states see more job growth than others, and the same applies to industries. The highest employment change is seen in the Education and health services industries, followed by professional and business services, hospitality, and government. Some sectors have also seen a decrease in jobs, such as retail trade, manufacturing, and utilities.

Below is a table of each state’s job growth.

Job Growth By State 2020

State Jobs Increase % in a Year Jobs Increase in a Year Number of Jobs in 2018 Number of Jobs in 2019 2020 Pop.
Louisiana-0.10%-1,0001,981,9001,980,9004,645,180
Minnesota0.00%8002,961,6002,962,4005,700,670
Maryland0.10%2,4002,745,8002,748,2006,083,120
Connecticut0.20%3,2001,689,5001,692,7003,563,080
North Dakota0.20%800435,200436,000761,723
Michigan0.40%17,6004,422,5004,440,10010,045,000
Delaware0.50%2,500461,200463,700982,895
Nebraska0.50%5,1001,025,5001,030,599.9,999,999,9991,952,570
Ohio0.50%25,2005,567,8005,593,00011,747,700
Pennsylvania0.50%30,3006,008,5006,038,80012,820,900
Wisconsin0.50%13,6002,970,8002,984,4005,851,750
Iowa0.60%10,2001,584,7001,594,9003,179,850
Virginia0.60%23,0004,007,7004,030,7008,626,210
Hawaii0.70%4,300655,100659,4001,412,690
Indiana0.70%21,8003,148,8003,170,6006,745,350
Maine0.90%5,500628,000633,5001,345,790
Oklahoma0.90%14,5001,689,5001,704,0003,954,820
Vermont0.90%2,800316,200319,000628,061
Arkansas1.00%12,1001,262,3001,274,4003,039,000
Illinois1.00%62,7006,123,3006,186,00012,659,700
Kansas1.00%14,2001,416,2001,430,4002,910,360
Massachusetts1.00%37,3003,641,6003,678,9006,976,600
New York1.00%95,5009,684,6009,780,10019,440,500
West Virginia1.00%7,200728,900736,1001,778,070
District of Columbia1.20%9,700792,300802,000720,687
Missouri1.20%34,7002,892,9002,927,6006,169,270
New Jersey1.20%48,3004,153,7004,202,0008,936,570
Alaska1.40%4,600327,300331,900734,002
Rhode Island1.40%7,100496,800503,9001,056,160
Kentucky1.50%28,1001,931,7001,959,8004,499,690
Montana1.50%7,000478,200485,2001,086,760
New Hampshire1.50%10,200680,800691,0001,371,250
South Carolina1.50%33,2002,146,1002,179,3005,210,100
Georgia1.60%74,3004,542,7004,617,00010,736,100
Mississippi1.60%19,0001,152,7001,171,7002,989,260
North Carolina1.70%75,7004,496,5004,572,20010,611,900
Wyoming1.70%4,800285,400290,200567,025
California1.80%311,80017,176,80017,488,60039,937,500
Tennessee1.80%55,1003,060,5003,115,6006,897,580
Colorado1.90%52,7002,734,3002,787,0005,845,530
Oregon1.90%36,4001,907,8001,944,2004,301,090
Alabama2.00%40,3002,044,8002,085,1004,908,620
South Dakota2.10%9,300438,600447,900903,027
New Mexico2.40%19,800841,700861,5002,096,640
Arizona2.50%72,2002,859,7002,931,9007,378,490
Florida2.60%227,2008,784,8009,012,00021,993,000
Texas2.60%323,30012,522,60012,845,90029,472,300
Idaho2.80%20,600740,000760,6001,826,160
Washington3.00%102,4003,407,2003,509,6007,797,100
Nevada3.10%43,4001,385,5001,428,9003,139,660
Utah3.10%47,4001,519,2001,566,6003,282,120