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Job Growth by State 2020

Job growth is a figured measured by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) that tracks how many payroll jobs are created in the United States every month. The figure is used as a measure of economic expansion and an indicator for national economic health, as higher job growth numbers indicate increasing economic growth and a strengthening job market.

Job growth is reported each month as part of the Bureau of Labor Statistics’ Employment Situation Summary. The BLS sends out a survey each month and compiles and publishes the results. The job growth figure is expressed as the gross number of jobs created in the United States in the previous month.

The minimum level of job growth needed to mitigate the effects of new people entering the workforce is between 100,000 and 150,000 new jobs per month. It is believed that these are the minimum required numbers to have a positive, sustainable impact; however, consistently high job growth figures are believed to be indicative of rising interest rates and inflation.

In September 2019, the United States saw 136,000 new jobs added to its economy, fewer than the 168,000 in August. It was reported that 11,400 retail and 2,000 manufacturing jobs were lost in September, both losses possibly attributed to the trade war with China hurting industries that depend on exports and imports. Despite this data, the United States economy is doing well in other aspects, such as an unemployment rate of 3.5% - the lowest it has been since December 1969.

Because different states have drastically different populations and are home to different industries, their job growth rates vary greatly. The states that saw the highest job growth percent increase are:

  1. Utah (3.10%)
  2. Nevada (3.10%)
  3. Washington (3.00%)
  4. Idaho (2.80%)
  5. Texas (2.60%)
  6. Florida (2.60%)
  7. Arizona (2.50%)
  8. New Mexico (2.40%)
  9. South Dakota (2.10%)
  10. Alabama (2.00%)

Utah and Nevada have the highest job growth percentage at 3.10%. Utah sees approximately 47,400 jobs increase in a year and Nevada sees 43,400. Both states saw a job growth rate more than double the national rate of 1.5%, and Utah boasts a lower unemployment rate of 2.8% (Nevada’s is currently 4.1%).

While many states experience significant job growth, there are some states with much lower rates or some that didn’t grow at all. The states with the lowest job growth rates are:

  1. Louisiana (-0.10%)
  2. Minnesota (0.00%)
  3. Maryland (0.10%)
  4. Connecticut (0.20%)
  5. North Dakota (0.20%)
  6. Michigan (0.40%)
  7. Delaware (0.50%)
  8. Nebraska (0.50%)
  9. Ohio (0.50%)
  10. Pennsylvania (0.50%)
  11. Wisconsin (0.50%)

As seen in the data, Louisiana had a negative job growth rate of -0.10%, a loss of approximately 1,000 jobs. Minnesota had a nearly 0.00% job growth rate, adding only 800 jobs over 12 months. Luckily, both states unemployment rates’ are not particularly high, with Louisiana’s at 4.4% and Minnesota’s at 3.4%, which is just below the national unemployment rate.

Certain states see more job growth than others, and the same applies to industries. The highest employment change is seen in the Education and health services industries, followed by professional and business services, hospitality, and government. Some sectors have also seen a decrease in jobs, such as retail trade, manufacturing, and utilities.

Here are the 10 states with the largest change in jobs:

  1. Nevada (3.10%)
  2. Utah (3.10%)
  3. Washington (3.00%)
  4. Idaho (2.80%)
  5. Florida (2.60%)
  6. Texas (2.60%)
  7. Arizona (2.50%)
  8. New Mexico (2.40%)
  9. South Dakota (2.10%)
  10. Alabama (2.00%)

Job Growth by State 2020

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Job Growth by State 2020

State Jobs Increase % in a Year Jobs Increase in a Year Number of Jobs in 2018 Number of Jobs in 2019 2020 Pop.
Utah3.10%47,4001,519,2001,566,6003,282,120
Nevada3.10%43,4001,385,5001,428,9003,139,660
Washington3.00%102,4003,407,2003,509,6007,797,100
Idaho2.80%20,600740,000760,6001,826,160
Texas2.60%323,30012,522,60012,845,90029,472,300
Florida2.60%227,2008,784,8009,012,00021,993,000
Arizona2.50%72,2002,859,7002,931,9007,378,490
New Mexico2.40%19,800841,700861,5002,096,640
South Dakota2.10%9,300438,600447,900903,027
Alabama2.00%40,3002,044,8002,085,1004,908,620
Oregon1.90%36,4001,907,8001,944,2004,301,090
Colorado1.90%52,7002,734,3002,787,0005,845,530
Tennessee1.80%55,1003,060,5003,115,6006,897,580
California1.80%311,80017,176,80017,488,60039,937,500
Wyoming1.70%4,800285,400290,200567,025
North Carolina1.70%75,7004,496,5004,572,20010,611,900
Mississippi1.60%19,0001,152,7001,171,7002,989,260
Georgia1.60%74,3004,542,7004,617,00010,736,100
South Carolina1.50%33,2002,146,1002,179,3005,210,100
New Hampshire1.50%10,200680,800691,0001,371,250
Montana1.50%7,000478,200485,2001,086,760
Kentucky1.50%28,1001,931,7001,959,8004,499,690
Rhode Island1.40%7,100496,800503,9001,056,160
Alaska1.40%4,600327,300331,900734,002
New Jersey1.20%48,3004,153,7004,202,0008,936,570
Missouri1.20%34,7002,892,9002,927,6006,169,270
West Virginia1.00%7,200728,900736,1001,778,070
New York1.00%95,5009,684,6009,780,10019,440,500
Massachusetts1.00%37,3003,641,6003,678,9006,976,600
Kansas1.00%14,2001,416,2001,430,4002,910,360
Illinois1.00%62,7006,123,3006,186,00012,659,700
Arkansas1.00%12,1001,262,3001,274,4003,039,000
Vermont0.90%2,800316,200319,000628,061
Oklahoma0.90%14,5001,689,5001,704,0003,954,820
Maine0.90%5,500628,000633,5001,345,790
Indiana0.70%21,8003,148,8003,170,6006,745,350
Hawaii0.70%4,300655,100659,4001,412,690
Virginia0.60%23,0004,007,7004,030,7008,626,210
Iowa0.60%10,2001,584,7001,594,9003,179,850
Wisconsin0.50%13,6002,970,8002,984,4005,851,750
Pennsylvania0.50%30,3006,008,5006,038,80012,820,900
Ohio0.50%25,2005,567,8005,593,00011,747,700
Nebraska0.50%5,1001,025,5001,030,599.9,999,999,9991,952,570
Delaware0.50%2,500461,200463,700982,895
Michigan0.40%17,6004,422,5004,440,10010,045,000
North Dakota0.20%800435,200436,000761,723
Connecticut0.20%3,2001,689,5001,692,7003,563,080
Maryland0.10%2,4002,745,8002,748,2006,083,120
Minnesota0.00%8002,961,6002,962,4005,700,670
Louisiana-0.10%-1,0001,981,9001,980,9004,645,180