The United States is known as a melting pot – a country of people from every corner of the world.
Cultural diversity is the most common measure of diversity. Six races are officially recognized in the United States: White, American Indian and Alaska Native, Asian, Black or African American, Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander. The U.S. Census Bureau also classifies Americans as “Hispanic or Latino” and “Not Hispanic or Latino.” A “person of color” is used in the United States to describe anyone who is not white. People of color, unfortunately, share the common experience of racism.
Although the majority of the population in the United States are White Americans, the country is increasingly becoming more racially and ethnically diverse. The Hispanic population, for example, is expected to comprise one-quarter of the population by 2050.
Contemporary immigrants often settle in seven states: California, New York, Florida, Texas, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and Illinois. About 70% of the immigrant population lives in one of these seven states.
While racial and ethnic diversity are the primary factors of diversity, there are several other types that can be measured to give a bigger picture of overall diversity. These include economic diversity, religious diversity and political diversity. A state’s diversity score is each state’s weighted average across all metrics. A score of 100 represents the most diverse state.
When all four of these are taken into account, California is the most diverse state in the United States. California is the most culturally diverse state and ranks sixth in political diversity, 11th in economic diversity, and thirty-second in religious diversity. California’s total diversity score is 70.89. Texas is ranked the second most diverse state with an overall score of 70.
The least diverse state in the United States is West Virginia. West Virginia is the least culturally diverse state and ranks 19th in economic diversity, 42nd in religious diversity, and 44th in political diversity. West Virginia’s diversity score is 58.29.