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California
73
Texas
70
Florida
49
Arizona
36
Colorado
27
Georgia
25
North Carolina
24
Tennessee
22
Virginia
19
Alabama
18
Missouri
18
Illinois
16
Indiana
16
New Mexico
16
Louisiana
15
Michigan
14
Mississippi
14
Oklahoma
14
Ohio
13
Pennsylvania
13
Kentucky
12
Washington
12
South Carolina
10
Utah
10
Wisconsin
10
Oregon
9
Idaho
8
New Jersey
8
West Virginia
7
Kansas
6
Minnesota
6
Nevada
6
Arkansas
5
Montana
5
New York
5
Alaska
4
Maryland
4
Hawaii
3
Massachusetts
3
Nebraska
3
South Dakota
3
District of Columbia
2
Iowa
2
New Hampshire
2
Delaware
1
Maine
1
North Dakota
1
Rhode Island
1
Vermont
1
Wyoming
1

Police Killings by State 2024

Police Killings by State 2024

While the overwhelming majority of police actions are completed safely, scenarios also arise in which police officers administer lethal force, causing the death of civilians (usually suspects) involved in the situation. Police killings are a subject of considerable controversy and often inspire both deep debate and far-reaching investigations. The fact that minorities, particularly blacks, appear notably more likely than whites to die during a police encounter is an area of particular concern.

Police in the United States kill more people than do police in any other advanced democratic country. Moreover, the trend seems to be increasing, with 2021 recording the highest number of police killings (1,144) yet registered (though tracking systems are still in their infancy). The actions of police officers involved in killings are often heavily scrutinized, with the dual goal of determining the officer's aptitude/culpability and seeking out safer police procedures that ensure preventable deaths are indeed prevented.

10 States with the Most Police Killings (Mapping Police Violence - 2021)*

  1. California — 156
  1. Texas — 105
  2. Georgia — 59
  3. Florida — 51
  1. Colorado — 42
  2. Arizona — 41
  3. Tennessee — 39
  1. Illinois — 31
  2. Missouri — 31
  3. North Carolina — 30

* For all 50 states and full racial breakdowns, see table at end of the page.

Racial Trends in Police Killings

From 2017 through 2021, police in the United States killed more white people than they did Black, Hispanic, or any other minority person. However, white Americans also make up a far larger percentage of the total U.S. population than people of any other race or ethnicity. When the number of killings is compared to the overall number of Americans of any given race or ethnicity, white people are revealed to be much less likely to be killed during a police encounter than Black, Hispanic, and other minorities person.

Ultimately, Black Americans comprise roughly 13% of the total U.S. population but account for 25%-27% of people killed by police. This makes them 2.9 times more likely than white Americans to die at the hands of police.

Errors in Reporting of Police Killings

One of the most concerning issues that came to light after the 2014 shooting of Michael Brown in Ferguson, Missouri was the lack of a comprehensive national database tracking police shootings. The federal government and several third parties (the Washington Post, Mapping Police Violence, the Guardian) have founded databases designed to better track this information. However, police departments themselves have often proven resistant to sharing it, and the race of the person killed is frequently unknown or unrecorded.

These confounding factors can introduce vagaries to per-race totals. For example, one database noted that the "unknown ethnicity" category rose from 126 in 2020 to 608 in 2021. The overall number of killings actually rose from 2020 to 2021, but the availability of the details about those killings decreased.

How Many White Americans and Black Americans are Killed by US Police?

According to MappingPoliceViolence.org, whose data include not only police shootings but also other fatal actions such as the suffocation restraint that killed George Floyd in 2020, U.S. police have killed approximately 400-500 white Americans per year over the past half-decade. In the case of Black Americans, there is a yearly average of between 250-280 people killed per year.

Race20212020201920182017
White482414449513510
Black266250282265278

How Many Hispanic-Americans Are Killed by U.S. Police?

In terms of raw numbers, the police kill fewer Hispanic/Latino Americans than blacks or whites, but the numbers are still significant.

Race20212020201920182017
White482414449513510
Hispanic190201206213226

Police Killings by State 2024

  • Data from 2023 are for the partial year from January through the approximate end of August.
  • All rates displayed are per 1 million residents (1M).
  • Rates shown in main table are for all ethnicities combined.
  • Rates for individual ethnicities from 2013-2023 appear in the secondary tables and are labeled accordingly.

Download Table Data

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State
Total Killings 2023 (partial)
Total Killings 2022
Total Killings 2013-23
Killings per 1M 2013-23
Killings per 1M 2022
Killings per 1M 2021
Killings per 1M 2020
Killings per 1M 2019
Killings per 1M 2018
California731391,7234.123.563.984.33.723.65
Texas701371,1223.644.563.713.463.963.98
Florida49708093.553.152.444.573.33.74
Arizona365753077.756.077.115.539.5
Georgia255945345.415.464.564.525.24
Colorado27403826.256.857.347.927.498.68
North Carolina243633133.362.893.473.412.95
Washington12413183.95.271.844.665.43.7
Ohio13403162.533.42.462.062.062.92
Oklahoma14313137.477.715.328.19.418.68
Missouri18333104.765.345.055.235.734.27
Tennessee22312974.064.45.544.434.923.91
Illinois16282722.012.232.51.181.331.87
Pennsylvania13252551.851.931.931.81.172.42
New Mexico163023810.6214.212.810.9710.0410.51
New York5252341.091.271.191.381.330.92
Louisiana15192324.714.145.374.934.53.86
Alabama18242224.184.7354.292.672.88
Indiana16192062.872.783.114.032.72.56
Virginia19252042.232.882.451.881.32.14
Michigan14201981.861.992.581.71.32.11
Kentucky12181954.093.995.344.713.64.95
Nevada6171835.575.354.588.584.377.87
South Carolina10211813.343.983.742.753.982.82
Maryland4111802.751.783.422.653.322.33
Oregon9231804.015.424.044.555.334.65
Mississippi14151735.525.18.094.029.055.35
Wisconsin10141662.662.382.213.273.282.25
Arkansas5181554.865.914.324.9877.02
New Jersey8101431.451.081.191.241.461.58
Utah10131353.93.854.025.393.876.24
Minnesota691222.021.572.291.792.342.17
Kansas6131133.644.434.092.753.093.09
West Virginia7111025.376.23.333.327.153.83
Idaho88884.524.138.285.134.667.7
Massachusetts35791.060.721.570.870.730.59
Montana57706.16.236.4910.365.715.76
Iowa26682.011.872.832.221.593.19
Alaska45668.516.8210.8712.219.510.83
Nebraska34572.752.035.122.083.130.53
Hawaii32513.311.394.132.114.927.74
Maine16483.334.334.422.982.252.25
Connecticut02451.180.550.551.41.40.56
District of Columbia25425.767.4411.711.421.441.46
South Dakota37404.267.693.42.274.594.63
Wyoming110376.0617.25.26.883.446.87
New Hampshire24291.992.871.462.951.481.49
Delaware12272.581.962.042.072.091.05
North Dakota13222.673.855.173.9505.32
Vermont12182.653.093.121.66.413.2
Rhode Island11100.860.911.83000.95
showing: 51 rows

Sources