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West Virginia
16.46%
New Mexico
16.12%
Kentucky
15.36%
Arkansas
13.13%
Texas
13.05%
Oklahoma
12.89%
Louisiana
12.25%
Arizona
12.19%
Tennessee
12.15%
Mississippi
12.15%
Alabama
11.72%
Florida
11.49%
Oregon
11.46%
California
11.38%
Montana
11.18%
Missouri
11.15%
Idaho
11.13%
Michigan
10.91%
North Carolina
10.84%
Ohio
10.78%
Nevada
10.75%
Georgia
10.72%
Indiana
10.69%
South Carolina
10.49%
Maine
10.42%
Vermont
10.34%
Wyoming
10.12%
New York
10.11%
Kansas
9.8%
Iowa
9.75%
Hawaii
9.53%
Rhode Island
9.4%
Pennsylvania
9.28%
Illinois
9.09%
Nebraska
8.96%
Washington
8.93%
Colorado
8.86%
Delaware
8.82%
Wisconsin
8.7%
South Dakota
8.59%
North Dakota
8.24%
Utah
8.09%
Virginia
8.09%
Massachusetts
7.86%
New Jersey
7.59%
Connecticut
7.42%
Alaska
7.18%
Minnesota
7.09%
New Hampshire
7.07%
Maryland
6.49%
District of Columbia
6.01%

Poverty by Race 2024

Poverty by Race 2024

What States Have the Highest Rate of Black Poverty?

The states that have the highest rate of Black poverty include:

  • Maine has a Black poverty rate of approximately 35 percent.
  • Iowa has a Black poverty rate of approximately 32 percent.
  • Mississippi has a Black poverty rate of approximately 31.6 percent.
  • Louisiana has a Black poverty rate of approximately 31.3 percent.
  • Wisconsin has a Black poverty rate of approximately 31 percent.

What States Have the Highest Rate of Asian Poverty?

The states that have the highest rate of Asian poverty include:

  • South Dakota has an Asian poverty rate of approximately 19 percent.
  • North Dakota has an Asian poverty rate of approximately 18.8 percent.
  • Indiana has an Asian poverty rate of approximately 18 percent.
  • Nebraska has an Asian poverty rate of approximately 17 percent.
  • Idaho has an Asian poverty rate of approximately 17 percent.

What States Have the Highest Rate of Hispanic Poverty?

The states that have the highest rate of Hispanic poverty include:

  • Alabama has a Hispanic poverty rate of approximately 30 percent.
  • Pennsylvania has a Hispanic poverty rate of approximately 28 percent.
  • Kentucky has a Hispanic poverty rate of approximately 26.7 percent.
  • North Carolina has a Hispanic poverty rate of approximately 26.4 percent.
  • South Carolina has a Hispanic poverty rate of approximately 26.2 percent.

What States Have the Highest Rate of White Poverty?

The states that have the highest rate of white poverty include:

  • West Virginia has a white poverty rate of approximately 17 percent.
  • New Mexico has a white poverty rate of approximately 16.7 percent.
  • Kentucky has a white poverty rate of approximately 16 percent.
  • Arkansas has a white poverty rate of approximately 14 percent.
  • Texas has a white poverty rate of approximately 13.7 percent.

What Is the Definition of Poverty?

The exact definition of poverty can vary from place to place, but if someone does not have enough financial resources to afford the basic necessities required to stay alive, they are considered to be impoverished. For example, if someone does not have enough money to afford food, water, clothing, or shelter, they are generally viewed as living below the poverty line. The cost of living can vary significantly from place to place, so the poverty line is not the same across the country. For example, it costs more money to live in Chicago, Los Angeles, or New York City than it does to live in other places.

Does Poverty Rate Vary By Race?

Yes, the poverty rate can vary significantly depending on ethnicity. Historically, the poverty rate of people of white descent has been lower when compared to people of Black or Hispanic descent. This has to do with a lot of historical and cultural reasons. Importantly, the poverty rate by race can vary from state to state as well. People of certain ethnicities may do better in some places than others. That is why it is important to dig underneath the surface to figure out why the numbers might be the way they are.

Poverty by Race 2024

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State
White Poverty Rate
Black Poverty Rate
Asian Poverty Rate
Hispanic Poverty Rate
White Poverty
Black Poverty
Asian Poverty
Hispanic Poverty
Alabama11.72%25.59%13.32%29.24%379,259321,2078,85260,717
Alaska7.18%11.12%9.24%10.32%32,8312,4944,3165,307
Arizona12.19%19.73%11.51%19.25%633,06961,05427,097424,521
Arkansas13.13%28.61%11.53%22.41%290,243124,6955,23250,515
California11.38%19.6%10.04%16.24%2,464,103421,298577,3502,454,410
Colorado8.86%16.79%9.99%14.83%402,48137,63717,793178,418
Connecticut7.42%17.52%8.77%21.02%191,31464,05913,917120,421
Delaware8.82%17.63%11.36%18.42%56,22035,8064,32716,413
District of Columbia6.01%24.24%13.67%12.08%16,31374,4913,5939,003
Florida11.49%20.65%11.9%16.44%1,715,595673,42169,508887,135
Georgia10.72%20.12%10.4%20.99%631,159644,42444,252207,705
Hawaii9.53%8.38%5.99%12.11%31,2262,02731,49517,859
Idaho11.13%24.3%15.37%18.95%169,6412,6003,68541,385
Illinois9.09%25.16%10.35%14.55%789,411432,41672,066313,448
Indiana10.69%26.92%16.35%20.2%572,175162,50724,62093,556
Iowa9.75%30.78%14.29%19.3%265,46733,56811,04536,414
Kansas9.8%23.91%14.7%18.15%230,43437,04412,54762,289
Kentucky15.36%26.58%14.63%24.4%574,27290,8619,76139,467
Louisiana12.25%30.54%12.38%23.46%342,297439,6909,83754,826
Maine10.42%31.13%13.01%16.89%127,5855,2971,8233,688
Maryland6.49%12.95%7.21%11.98%208,103226,07327,30472,737
Massachusetts7.86%17.58%11.81%22.96%400,13486,36252,349184,331
Michigan10.91%27.47%12.65%20.71%827,888359,90339,044105,440
Minnesota7.09%26.43%12.86%17.45%317,39691,62234,71752,427
Mississippi12.15%30.87%13.81%25.11%204,268332,6494,00322,389
Missouri11.15%23.62%13.18%19.61%540,189157,18415,84649,972
Montana11.18%11.73%14.09%17.47%101,8996491,1947,000
Nebraska8.96%23.71%12.26%18.36%143,20220,7335,70838,372
Nevada10.75%21.97%8.87%16.42%199,63560,23922,274141,948
New Hampshire7.07%18.54%8.44%14.85%85,5203,5012,9697,429
New Jersey7.59%16.4%6.34%16.92%434,362187,61853,401302,326
New Mexico16.12%20.35%10.9%21.66%232,2208,2113,598218,918
New York10.11%20.38%14.39%20.9%1,199,897588,597235,557759,828
North Carolina10.84%21.42%10.06%23.87%742,056456,89430,354230,691
North Dakota8.24%26.98%19.24%18.55%52,0106,1912,2425,362
Ohio10.78%28.42%12.59%23.9%987,553392,41532,874106,657
Oklahoma12.89%26.25%14.52%22.04%352,58170,95612,33092,338
Oregon11.46%27.38%13.08%17.79%388,26420,68324,13896,265
Pennsylvania9.28%24.87%13.43%26.55%916,064332,88658,408249,217
Rhode Island9.4%20.47%13.25%23.1%75,67913,3864,52737,708
South Carolina10.49%23.97%11.42%24.37%346,694311,3199,28969,992
South Dakota8.59%18.66%16.75%19.94%61,2463,3012,0176,843
Tennessee12.15%24.34%10.14%24.52%617,400264,52512,18590,542
Texas13.05%18.7%9.99%19.75%2,533,511621,903139,7792,191,157
Utah8.09%22.84%14.15%15%213,9778,32710,11065,561
Vermont10.34%24.25%14.4%16.08%58,2141,7291,3351,785
Virginia8.09%16.82%7.22%13.16%444,315260,03340,507103,528
Washington8.93%17.54%9.16%16.93%485,13149,06159,757161,119
West Virginia16.46%29.03%14.64%18.85%268,47216,4152,0435,024
Wisconsin8.7%30.42%15.05%19.57%416,010105,89524,00177,861
Wyoming10.12%20.59%15.01%18.18%51,95495871510,389
United States10.6%22.07%10.61%18.29%23,820,9398,726,8141,917,69110,642,653
showing: 51 rows

Poverty by Race 2024

Sources